Arizona

State of Arizona
Flag of ArizonaState seal of Arizona
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State;
The Valentine State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus (God enriches)
State song(s): "The Arizona March Song" and "Arizona"
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Spoken languagesAs of 2010
DemonymArizonan[1]
Capital
(and largest city)
Phoenix
Largest metroGreater Phoenix
AreaRanked 6th
 • Total113,990[2] sq mi
(295,234 km2)
 • Width310 miles (500 km)
 • Length400 miles (645 km)
 • % water0.35
 • Latitude31°  20′ N to 37° N
 • Longitude109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W
PopulationRanked 14th
 • Total7,171,646 (2018)
 • Density57/sq mi  (22/km2)
Ranked 33rd
 • Median household income$56,581 [3] (29th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointHumphreys Peak[4][5][6]
12,637 ft (3852 m)
 • Mean4,100 ft  (1250 m)
 • Lowest pointColorado River at the Sonora border[5][6]
72 ft (22 m)
Before statehoodArizona Territory
Admitted to the UnionFebruary 14, 1912 (48th)
GovernorDoug Ducey (R)
Secretary of StateKatie Hobbs (D)
LegislatureArizona Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsKyrsten Sinema (D)
Martha McSally (R)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats
4 Republicans (list)
Time zones 
 • most of stateMountain: UTC −7 (no DST)
 • Navajo NationMountain: UTC −7/−6
ISO 3166US-AZ
AbbreviationsAZ, www.az.gov
Arizona state symbols
Flag of Arizona.svg
Arizona-StateSeal.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianArizona tree frog
BirdCactus wren
ButterflyTwo-tailed swallowtail
FishApache trout
FlowerSaguaro cactus blossom
MammalRing-tailed cat
ReptileArizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake
TreePalo verde
Inanimate insignia
ColorsBlue, old gold
FirearmColt Single Action Army revolver
FossilPetrified wood
GemstoneTurquoise
MineralFire agate
RockPetrified wood
ShipUSS Arizona
SloganThe Grand Canyon State
SoilCasa Grande
State route marker
Arizona state route marker
State quarter
Arizona quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols
Saguaro cactus flowers and buds after a wet winter. This is Arizona's official state flower.

Arizona (ə/ (About this soundlisten); Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo Navajo pronunciation: [xòːztò xɑ̀xòːtsò]; O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak Uto-Aztecan pronunciation: [ˡaɺi ˡʂonak]) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine's Day. Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.

Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.

About one-quarter of the state[7] is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations in the state from voting until the state Supreme Court ruled in favor of Native American plaintiffs in Trujillo v. Garley (1948).[8][9]

Etymology

The state's name appears to originate from an earlier Spanish name, Arizonac, derived from the O'odham name alĭ ṣonak, meaning "small spring", which initially applied only to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora.[10][11][12][13] To the European settlers, their pronunciation sounded like Arissona.[14] The area is still known as alĭ ṣonak in the O'odham language.[15] Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona ('the good oak'), as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area.[16][17][18] A native Mexican of Basque heritage established the ranchería (village) of Arizona between 1734 and 1736 in the current Mexican state of Sonora, which became notable after a significant discovery of silver there, c. 1737.[19]

There is a misconception that the state's name originated from the Spanish term Árida Zona ("Arid Zone").[14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Arizona
አማርኛ: አሪዞና
Ænglisc: Arizona
العربية: أريزونا
aragonés: Arizona
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܪܝܙܘܢܐ
arpetan: Arizona
asturianu: Arizona
Avañe'ẽ: Arizona
Aymar aru: Arizona suyu
azərbaycanca: Arizona
Bân-lâm-gú: Arizona
башҡортса: Аризона
беларуская: Арызона
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арызона
भोजपुरी: एरिजोना
Bikol Central: Arizona
Bislama: Arizona
български: Аризона
Boarisch: Arizona
bosanski: Arizona
brezhoneg: Arizona
буряад: Аризона
català: Arizona
čeština: Arizona
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Arizona
corsu: Arizona
Cymraeg: Arizona
dansk: Arizona
davvisámegiella: Arizona
Deutsch: Arizona
Diné bizaad: Hoozdo Hahoodzo
eesti: Arizona
Ελληνικά: Αριζόνα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Ariśòna
español: Arizona
Esperanto: Arizono
euskara: Arizona
فارسی: آریزونا
Fiji Hindi: Arizona
føroyskt: Arizona
français: Arizona
Frysk: Arizona
Gaeilge: Arizona
Gaelg: Arizona
Gagauz: Arizona
Gàidhlig: Arizona
galego: Arizona
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐌶𐍉𐌽𐌰
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Arizona
хальмг: Аризона
한국어: 애리조나주
Hausa: Arizona
Hawaiʻi: ‘Alikona
հայերեն: Արիզոնա
हिन्दी: एरीजोना
hornjoserbsce: Arizona
hrvatski: Arizona
Ido: Arizona
Igbo: Arizona
Ilokano: Arizona
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অ্যারিজোনা
Bahasa Indonesia: Arizona
interlingua: Arizona
Interlingue: Arizona
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐋᕇᓲᓈ
Iñupiak: Arisuuna
Ирон: Аризонæ
isiXhosa: I-Erizona
isiZulu: Arizona
íslenska: Arizona
italiano: Arizona
עברית: אריזונה
Jawa: Arizona
Kabɩyɛ: Ariizonaa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಆರಿಜೋನ
Kapampangan: Arizona
ქართული: არიზონა
kaszëbsczi: Arizona
қазақша: Аризона
kernowek: Arisona
Kiswahili: Arizona
Kreyòl ayisyen: Arizona
kurdî: Arizona
кырык мары: Аризона
Ladino: Arizona
لۊری شومالی: آریزونا
Latina: Arizona
latviešu: Arizona
Lëtzebuergesch: Arizona
лезги: Аризона
lietuvių: Arizona
Ligure: Arizona
Limburgs: Arizona
Lingua Franca Nova: Arizona
lumbaart: Arizona
magyar: Arizona
मैथिली: एरिजोना
македонски: Аризона
Malagasy: Arizona
മലയാളം: അരിസോണ
Māori: Arizona
मराठी: ॲरिझोना
მარგალური: არიზონა
مصرى: اريزونا
مازِرونی: آریزونا
Bahasa Melayu: Arizona
Baso Minangkabau: Arizona
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Arizona
монгол: Аризона
Dorerin Naoero: Arizona
Nederlands: Arizona (staat)
Nedersaksies: Arizona
नेपाली: एरिजोना
नेपाल भाषा: एरिजोना
日本語: アリゾナ州
нохчийн: Аризона
Nordfriisk: Arizona
norsk: Arizona
norsk nynorsk: Arizona
occitan: Arizòna
олык марий: Аризона
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arizona
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਰੀਜ਼ੋਨਾ
پنجابی: ایریزونا
Papiamentu: Arizona
Piemontèis: Arison-a
Plattdüütsch: Arizona
polski: Arizona
português: Arizona
Qaraqalpaqsha: Arizona
română: Arizona
rumantsch: Arizona
Runa Simi: Arizona suyu
русский: Аризона
саха тыла: Аризона
Gagana Samoa: Arisona
संस्कृतम्: आरिजोना
sardu: Arizona
Scots: Arizona
Seeltersk: Arizona
shqip: Arizona
sicilianu: Arizona
Simple English: Arizona
سنڌي: ايرزونا
slovenčina: Arizona
slovenščina: Arizona
ślůnski: Arizůna
Soomaaliga: Arizona
کوردی: ئەریزۆنا
српски / srpski: Аризона
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arizona
suomi: Arizona
svenska: Arizona
Tagalog: Arizona
தமிழ்: அரிசோனா
Taqbaylit: Arizona
татарча/tatarça: Аризона
తెలుగు: ఆరిజోనా
Tsetsêhestâhese: Arizona
Türkçe: Arizona
українська: Аризона
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Arizona Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Arizona
Volapük: Arizona
Winaray: Arizona
ייִדיש: אריזאנע
Yorùbá: Arizona
Zazaki: Arizona
Zeêuws: Arizona
žemaitėška: Arizona