|Nickname(s): "City of the eternal spring"|
| • ||Salvador Urrutia (|
|• Total||4,799.4 km2 (1,853.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2 m (7 ft)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
| • Summer (|
|Website||Official website (in Spanish)|
Arica is an important port for a large inland region of South America. The city serves a
Its mild weather has made Arica known as the "city of the eternal spring" in Chile while its beaches are frequented by Bolivians. The city was an important port already during
Archaeological findings indicate that Arica was inhabited by different native groups dating back 10,000 years.
Following the collapse of Spanish rule, in 1821, Arica was part of the recently independent Peruvian Republic. The Peruvian Constitution of 1823 regards it as a province of the Department of
In 1855, Peru inaugurated the Arica-
Chilean forces occupied the region following the
In 1958, the Chilean Government established the "Junta de Adelanto de Arica" (Board of Development for Arica), which promulgated many tax incentives for the establishment of industries, such as vehicle assembly plants, a tax-free zone, and a casino, among others.
Many car manufacturers opened plants in Arica, such as
In 1975, together with Chile's new open economy policies, the "Junta de Adelanto de Arica" was abolished.
The Arica and Parinacota Region was created on October 8, 2007 under Law 20.175, promulgated on March 23, 2007 by President