Arequipa

  • arequipa
    region capital
    city of arequipa
    cathedral of arequipa
    aqp--01-178.jpg
    plaza de armas, arequipa 2005 - panoramio.jpg
    santa catalina convent
    arequipa yanahuara.jpg
    partial view of the city
    from top: cathedral; main square; misti volcano; santa catalina monastery; yanahuara overlook; partial view of the city.
    flag of arequipa
    flag
    coat of arms of arequipa
    coat of arms
    nickname(s): 
    la ciudad blanca (the white city)
    arequipa is located in peru
    arequipa
    arequipa
    location in peru
    coordinates: 16°23′s 71°32′w / 16°23′s 71°32′w / -16.383; -71.533
    unesco world heritage site
    1016
    inscription2000 (24th session)

    arequipa (spanish pronunciation: [aɾeˈkipa]; aymara & quechua: ariqipa) is a city located in the province and the eponymous department of peru. it is the seat of the constitutional court of peru and often dubbed the "legal capital of peru." [1] it is the second most populated city in peru, after lima, with an urban population of 1,008,290 inhabitants according to the 2017 national census.[2]

    its metropolitan area integrates twenty-one districts, including the foundational central area, which it is the seat of the city government. the city has a nominal gdp of 9,445 million (usd) and a nominal gdp per capita of us$10,277, which represents a gdp per capita ppp of us$18,610 in the period 2015, being the second city with the highest economic activity in peru.[3]

    arequipa is also an important industrial and commercial center of peru,[4] and is considered as the second industrial city of the country. within its industrial activity the manufactured products and the textile production of wool of camelids. the town maintains close commercial links with chile, bolivia, and brazil and with the cities connected by the south trainway, as well as with the port of matarani.[5]

    the city was founded on august 15, 1540, under the name of "beautiful villa of our lady of the assumption" in the name of marquis francisco pizarro. on september 22, 1541, the monarch carlos v ordered that it should be called the "city of arequipa". during the viceregal period, it acquired importance for its outstanding economic role,[4] and is characterized by the fidelismo towards the spanish crown,[6] which honored arequipa with titles such as "very noble and very loyal."[7] in the republican history of peru, the city has been the focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellions. it has also been the cradle of notable intellectual, political and religious figures.[8] in the republican era, it was awarded the title of "heroic city of the freedom people of arequipa".[9]

    its historical center extends over an area of 332 hectares [10] and has been declared a unesco world heritage site.[11] historical heritage and monumental that it houses and its diverse scenic and cultural spaces turn it into a host city of national and international tourism, in its historical center it highlights the religious architecture viceregal and republican product of mixture of spanish and autochthonous characteristics,[12] that constituted an own stylistic school called «arequipeña school» [13] whose influence arrived in potosí (bolivia).[14][15]

  • etymology
  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • economy
  • education
  • culture
  • government
  • sights and attractions
  • parks and recreation
  • infrastructure
  • international relations
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Arequipa
Region capital
City of Arequipa
Cathedral of Arequipa
AQP--01-178.jpg
Plaza de Armas, Arequipa 2005 - panoramio.jpg
Santa Catalina Convent
Arequipa Yanahuara.jpg
Partial view of the city
From top: Cathedral; Main square; Misti volcano; Santa Catalina Monastery; Yanahuara overlook; partial view of the city.
Flag of Arequipa
Flag
Coat of arms of Arequipa
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
La Ciudad Blanca (The White City)
Arequipa is located in Peru
Arequipa
Arequipa
Location in Peru
Coordinates: 16°23′S 71°32′W / 16°23′S 71°32′W / -16.383; -71.533
1016
Inscription2000 (24th session)

Arequipa (Spanish pronunciation: [aɾeˈkipa]; Aymara & Quechua: Ariqipa) is a city located in the province and the eponymous department of Peru. It is the seat of the Constitutional Court of Peru and often dubbed the "legal capital of Peru." [1] It is the second most populated city in Peru, after Lima, with an urban population of 1,008,290 inhabitants according to the 2017 national census.[2]

Its metropolitan area integrates twenty-one districts, including the foundational central area, which it is the seat of the city government. The city has a Nominal GDP of 9,445 million (USD) and a nominal GDP per capita of US$10,277, which represents a GDP per capita PPP of US$18,610 in the period 2015, being the second city with the highest economic activity in Peru.[3]

Arequipa is also an important industrial and commercial center of Peru,[4] and is considered as the second industrial city of the country. Within its industrial activity the manufactured products and the textile production of wool of camelids. The town maintains close commercial links with Chile, Bolivia, and Brazil and with the cities connected by the South trainway, as well as with the port of Matarani.[5]

The city was founded on August 15, 1540, under the name of "Beautiful Villa of Our Lady of the Assumption" in the name of Marquis Francisco Pizarro. On September 22, 1541, the monarch Carlos V ordered that it should be called the "City of Arequipa". During the viceregal period, it acquired importance for its outstanding economic role,[4] and is characterized by the fidelismo towards the Spanish Crown,[6] which honored Arequipa with titles such as "Very Noble and Very Loyal."[7] In the Republican history of Peru, the city has been the focus of popular, civic and democratic rebellions. It has also been the cradle of notable intellectual, political and religious figures.[8] In the Republican era, it was awarded the title of "Heroic city of the freedom people of Arequipa".[9]

Its historical center extends over an area of 332 hectares [10] and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[11] Historical heritage and monumental that it houses and its diverse scenic and cultural spaces turn it into a host city of national and international tourism, in its historical center it highlights the religious architecture viceregal and republican product of mixture of Spanish and autochthonous characteristics,[12] that constituted an own stylistic school called «Arequipeña School» [13] whose influence arrived in Potosí (Bolivia).[14][15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Arequipa
Ænglisc: Arequipa
العربية: أريكيبا
Avañe'ẽ: Arequipa
Aymar aru: Ariqipa
azərbaycanca: Arekipa
беларуская: Арэкіпа (горад)
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арэкіпа (горад)
български: Арекипа
brezhoneg: Arequipa
català: Arequipa
čeština: Arequipa
Cymraeg: Arequipa
dansk: Arequipa
Deutsch: Arequipa
eesti: Arequipa
Ελληνικά: Αρεκίπα
español: Arequipa
Esperanto: Arekipo
euskara: Arequipa
فارسی: ارکیپا
français: Arequipa
Gaeilge: Arequipa
Gàidhlig: Arequipa
galego: Arequipa
한국어: 아레키파
հայերեն: Արեկիպա
hrvatski: Arequipa
Bahasa Indonesia: Arequipa
interlingua: Arequipa
italiano: Arequipa
עברית: ארקיפה
ქართული: არეკიპა
Ladino: Arequipa
Latina: Arequipa
latviešu: Arekipa
lietuvių: Arekipa
magyar: Arequipa
Māori: Arequipa
मराठी: अरेकिपा
Bahasa Melayu: Arequipa
Dorerin Naoero: Arequipa
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Arequipa
Nederlands: Arequipa (stad)
日本語: アレキパ
norsk: Arequipa
norsk nynorsk: Arequipa
occitan: Arequipa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arekipa
polski: Arequipa
português: Arequipa
română: Arequipa
Runa Simi: Ariqipa
русский: Арекипа
Scots: Arequipa
sicilianu: Arequipa
Simple English: Arequipa
slovenčina: Arequipa
slovenščina: Arequipa
српски / srpski: Арекипа
suomi: Arequipa
svenska: Arequipa
татарча/tatarça: Арекипа
Türkçe: Arequipa
українська: Арекіпа
اردو: اریکیپا
vepsän kel’: Arekip
Tiếng Việt: Arequipa
Volapük: Arequipa
Winaray: Arequipa
粵語: 阿雷基帕
中文: 阿雷基帕