Arabic calligraphy

Arabic Calligraphy by Fathima Habna
The stylized signature of Sultan Abdul Hamid I of the Ottoman Empire was written in an expressive calligraphy.

Arabic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy based on the Arabic alphabet. It is known in Arabic as khatt (Arabic: خط‎), derived from the word 'line', 'design', or 'construction'.[1][2]Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script.

Although most Islamic calligraphy is in Arabic and most Arabic calligraphy is Islamic, the two are not identical. Coptic Christian manuscripts in Arabic, for example, may make use of calligraphy. Likewise, there is Islamic calligraphy in Persian.


The pens used for Arabic Calligraphy vary from Latin calligraphy. The tools used for calligraphy are different assortments of pens and calligraphy ink. The most common calligraphy pen used is:

Kamish Pen

The Kamish Pen also known as a reed pen is used by Arab, Turkish, and Iranian calligraphers. The reed of the pen is grown along rivers. Although this pen has been used for over 500 years, preparing the pen is a lengthy process.

Bamboo Pen

Bamboo Pens are one of the oldest pens used for calligraphy. The edge of Bamboo pens allow the performance of calligraphy to be in full movement.

Java Pen

The Java pen is known for the tools hardness and ability to create sharp edges. The man is good to use for small scripts.

Handam Pen

The Handam pen consists of the same strength that the Jave pen has. The pen is good to use for all kinds of scripts.

Celi Pen

The Celi Pen is used for large writing in Arabic Calligraphy. These pens are made from hardwood and cut and drilled.

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