April

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April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, the fifth in the early Julian, the first of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the second of five months to have a length of less than 31 days.

April is commonly associated with the season of autumn in parts of the Southern Hemisphere, and spring in parts of the Northern Hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to October in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa.

History

The Romans gave this month the Latin name Aprilis[1] but the derivation of this name is uncertain. The traditional etymology is from the verb aperire, "to open", in allusion to its being the season when trees and flowers begin to "open", which is supported by comparison with the modern Greek use of άνοιξη (ánixi) (opening) for spring. Since some of the Roman months were named in honor of divinities, and as April was sacred to the goddess Venus, her Veneralia being held on the first day, it has been suggested that Aprilis was originally her month Aphrilis, from her equivalent Greek goddess name Aphrodite (Aphros), or from the Etruscan name Apru. Jacob Grimm suggests the name of a hypothetical god or hero, Aper or Aprus.[2]

April was the second month of the earliest Roman calendar,[3] before Ianuarius and Februarius were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. It became the fourth month of the calendar year (the year when twelve months are displayed in order) during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it also was given 29 days. The 30th day was added during the reform of the calendar undertaken by Julius Caesar in the mid-40s BC, which produced the Julian calendar.

The Anglo-Saxons called April ēastre-monaþ. The Venerable Bede says in The Reckoning of Time that this month ēastre is the root of the word Easter. He further states that the month was named after a goddess Eostre whose feast was in that month. It is also attested by Einhard in his work, Vita Karoli Magni.

St George's day is the twenty-third of the month; and St Mark's Eve, with its superstition that the ghosts of those who are doomed to die within the year will be seen to pass into the church, falls on the twenty-fourth.[3]

In China the symbolic ploughing of the earth by the emperor and princes of the blood took place in their third month, which frequently corresponds to April.[3] In Finnish April is huhtikuu, meaning slash-and-burn moon, when gymnosperms for beat and burn clearing of farmland were felled.

In Slovene, the most established traditional name is mali traven, meaning the month when plants start growing. It was first written in 1466 in the Škofja Loka manuscript.[4]

The month Aprilis had 30 days; Numa Pompilius made it 29 days long; finally Julius Caesar’s calendar reform made it again 30 days long, which was not changed in the calendar revision of Augustus Caesar in 8 BC.

In Ancient Rome, the festival of Cerealia was held for seven days from mid-to-late April, but exact dates are uncertain. Feriae Latinae was also held in April, with the date varying. Other ancient Roman observances include Veneralia (April 1), Megalesia (April 10–16), Fordicidia (April 15), Parilia (April 21), Vinalia Urbana, Robigalia, and Serapia were celebrated on (April 25). Floralia was held April 27 during the Republican era, or April 28 on the Julian calendar, and lasted until May 3. However, these dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.

The Lyrids meteor shower appears on April 16 – April 26 each year, with the peak generally occurring on April 22. Eta Aquariids meteor shower also appears in April. It is visible from about April 21 to about May 20 each year with peak activity on or around May 6. The Pi Puppids appear on April 23, but only in years around the parent comet's perihelion date. The Virginids also shower at various dates in April.

The "Days of April" (journées d'avril) is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons, Paris and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, and to a famous trial known as the procès d'avril.[3]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: April
Alemannisch: April
አማርኛ: ኤፕሪል
Ænglisc: Ēastermōnaþ
Аҧсшәа: Мшаҧы
العربية: أبريل
aragonés: Abril
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܢܝܣܢ
armãneashti: Apriru
arpetan: Avril
অসমীয়া: এপ্ৰিল
asturianu: Abril
Avañe'ẽ: Jasyrundy
авар: Апрел
azərbaycanca: Aprel
বাংলা: এপ্রিল
Bahasa Banjar: April
Bân-lâm-gú: 4 goe̍h
башҡортса: Апрель
беларуская: Красавік
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Красавік
भोजपुरी: अप्रैल
Bikol Central: Abril
български: Април
Boarisch: Aprü
bosanski: April
brezhoneg: Ebrel
català: Abril
Чӑвашла: Ака уйăхĕ
Cebuano: Abril
čeština: Duben
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Abril
chiTumbuka: Epurelo
corsu: Aprile
Cymraeg: Ebrill
dansk: April
davvisámegiella: Cuoŋománnu
Deitsch: Abril
Deutsch: April
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެޕްރީލް
dolnoserbski: Apryl
eesti: Aprill
Ελληνικά: Απρίλιος
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Avrîl
эрзянь: Чадыков
español: Abril
Esperanto: Aprilo
estremeñu: Abril
euskara: Apiril
eʋegbe: Afɔfiɛ
فارسی: آوریل
Fiji Hindi: April
føroyskt: Apríl
français: Avril
Frysk: April
furlan: Avrîl
Gaeilge: An tAibreán
Gaelg: Averil
Gagauz: Çiçek ay
Gàidhlig: An Giblean
galego: Abril
贛語: 4月
ગુજરાતી: એપ્રિલ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 4-ngie̍t
хальмг: Мөрн сар
한국어: 4월
Hausa: Afrilu
Hawaiʻi: ‘Apelila
հայերեն: Ապրիլ
हिन्दी: अप्रैल
hornjoserbsce: Apryl
hrvatski: Travanj
Ido: Aprilo
Ilokano: Abril
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: এপ্রিল
Bahasa Indonesia: April
interlingua: April
Interlingue: April
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᐃᐳᕆᓪ
Ирон: Апрель
isiXhosa: Tshazimpuzi
íslenska: Apríl
italiano: Aprile
עברית: אפריל
Basa Jawa: April
kalaallisut: Apriili
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಏಪ್ರಿಲ್
Kapampangan: Abril
ქართული: აპრილი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: اپریٖل
kaszëbsczi: Łżëkwiat
қазақша: Сәуір
kernowek: Mis Ebrel
Kinyarwanda: Mata
Kiswahili: Aprili
Kreyòl ayisyen: Avril
kurdî: Avrêl
Кыргызча: Апрель
кырык мары: Апрель
Ladino: Avril
лакку: Апрель
лезги: Апрель
ລາວ: ເມສາ
latgaļu: Sulu mieness
Latina: Aprilis
latviešu: Aprīlis
Lëtzebuergesch: Abrëll
lietuvių: Balandis
Ligure: Arvî
Limburgs: April
Livvinkarjala: Sulakuu
lumbaart: April
magyar: Április
मैथिली: अप्रैल
македонски: Април
Malagasy: Aprily
മലയാളം: ഏപ്രിൽ
Malti: April
მარგალური: პირელი
مصرى: ابريل
Bahasa Melayu: April
Baso Minangkabau: April
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 4 nguŏk
мокшень: Шудиков
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဧပြီ
Nāhuatl: Nahui metztli
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Epereli
Nederlands: April
Nedersaksies: April
नेपाली: अप्रिल
नेपाल भाषा: अप्रिल
日本語: 4月
Napulitano: Abbrile
нохчийн: Апрель
Nordfriisk: April
Norfuk / Pitkern: Ieprel
norsk: April
norsk nynorsk: April
Nouormand: Avri
Novial: Aprile
occitan: Abril
олык марий: Вӱдшор (тылзе)
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଅପ୍ରେଲ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Aprel
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਪ੍ਰੈਲ
Pälzisch: April
پنجابی: اپریل
پښتو: اپرېل
Перем Коми: Апрель
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ខែមេសា
Piemontèis: Avril (mèis)
Tok Pisin: Epril
Plattdüütsch: April
polski: Kwiecień
Ποντιακά: Απρίλτς
português: Abril
Qaraqalpaqsha: Aprel
qırımtatarca: Aprel
Ripoarisch: Apprill
română: Aprilie
Runa Simi: Ayriway killa
русиньскый: Апріль
русский: Апрель
саха тыла: Муус устар
Gagana Samoa: Apelila
संस्कृतम्: अप्रैल
sardu: Abrile
Scots: Aprile
Sesotho sa Leboa: Moranang
shqip: Prilli
sicilianu: Aprili
සිංහල: අප්‍රේල්
Simple English: April
سنڌي: اپريل
SiSwati: Mábasa
slovenčina: Apríl
slovenščina: April
ślůnski: Kwjećyń
Soomaaliga: Abriil
српски / srpski: Април
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: April
Basa Sunda: April
suomi: Huhtikuu
svenska: April
Tagalog: Abril
தமிழ்: ஏப்ரல்
Taqbaylit: Yebrir
tarandíne: Abbrìle
татарча/tatarça: Апрель
తెలుగు: ఏప్రిల్
tetun: Abríl
тоҷикӣ: Апрел
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎫᏬᏂ
Türkçe: Nisan
Türkmençe: Aprel
удмурт: Оштолэзь
українська: Квітень
اردو: اپریل
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئۈمىد
Vahcuengh: 4 nyied
vèneto: Avril
vepsän kel’: Sulaku
Tiếng Việt: Tháng tư
Volapük: Prilul
Võro: Mahlakuu
walon: Avri
West-Vlams: April
Winaray: Abril
Wolof: Awril
吴语: 4月
Xitsonga: Dzivamusoko
ייִדיש: אפריל
Yorùbá: Oṣù Kẹrin
粵語: 4月
Zazaki: Nisane
žemaitėška: Balondis
中文: 4月
Bahasa Hulontalo: April
ГӀалгӀай: Тушоли бутт
Kabɩyɛ: Ɖomaɣ fenaɣ