Apache

Apache
Apache portraits.jpg
Apache portraits
Total population
111,810 alone and in combination[1]
Regions with significant populations
Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, Oklahoma, Mexico, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas
Languages
Jicarilla, Plains Apache, Lipan Apache, Mescalero-Chiricahua, Western Apache,[2] English, and Spanish
Religion
Native American Church, Christianity, traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups
Navajo, Dene, Tarahumara

The Apache (i/) are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache. Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the Southern Athabaskan languages. There are Apache communities in Oklahoma, Texas, and reservations in Arizona and New Mexico. Apache people have moved throughout the United States and elsewhere, including urban centers. The Apache Nations are politically autonomous, speak several different languages and have distinct cultures.

Historically, the Apache homelands have consisted of high mountains, sheltered and watered valleys, deep canyons, deserts, and the southern Great Plains, including areas in what is now Eastern Arizona, Northern Mexico (Sonora and New Mexico, West Texas, and Southern Colorado. These areas are collectively known as Apacheria. The Apache tribes fought the invading Spanish and Mexican peoples for centuries. The first Apache raids on Sonora appear to have taken place during the late 17th century. In 19th-century confrontations during the American-Indian wars, the U.S. Army found the Apache to be fierce warriors and skillful strategists.

Contemporary tribes

Apachean tribes, c. 18th century:
Present-day primary locations of Apachean peoples (scale and colors as above)

The following Apache tribes are federally recognized:

The Jicarilla are headquartered in Dulce, New Mexico,[4] while the Mescalero are headquartered in Mescalero, New Mexico. The Western Apache, located in Arizona, is divided into several reservations, which crosscut cultural divisions. The Western Apache reservations include the Fort Apache Indian Reservation, San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, Yavapai-Apache Nation and Tonto-Apache Reservation.

The Chiricahua were divided into two groups after they were released from being prisoners of war. The majority moved to the Mescalero Reservation and form, with the larger Mescalero political group, the Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Apache Reservation, along with the Lipan Apache.[6] The other Chiricahua are enrolled in the Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, headquartered in Apache, Oklahoma.[3]

The Plains Apache are located in Oklahoma, headquartered around Anadarko, and are federally recognized as the Apache Tribe of Oklahoma.[3]

Other Languages
авар: Апачеял
azərbaycanca: Apaçilər
تۆرکجه: آپاچی‌لر
беларуская: Апачы
български: Апачи
brezhoneg: Apacheed
català: Apatxe
Чӑвашла: Аппачсем
čeština: Apačové
Cymraeg: Apache
dansk: Apache
Deutsch: Apachen
eesti: Apatšid
Ελληνικά: Απάτσι
español: Apache
Esperanto: Apaĉoj
euskara: Apatxe
français: Apaches
Gaeilge: Apaisigh
galego: Pobo apache
한국어: 아파치 족
հայերեն: Ապաչներ
हिन्दी: अपाची
Bahasa Indonesia: Suku Apache
italiano: Apache
עברית: אפאצ'י
Basa Jawa: Wong Apache
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಪಾಚೆ
Кыргызча: Апачи
latviešu: Apači
lietuvių: Apačiai
magyar: Apacsok
مصرى: اباتشى
Bahasa Melayu: Orang Apache
Nederlands: Apachen
日本語: アパッチ族
norsk: Apache
norsk nynorsk: Apasjar
Novial: Apaches
occitan: Apaches
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਪਾਚੀ
Plattdüütsch: Apachen
polski: Apacze
português: Apaches
română: Apași
Runa Simi: Apachi
русский: Апачи
Scots: Apache
shqip: Apaçët
Simple English: Apache
slovenčina: Apači
slovenščina: Apači
کوردی: ئەپاچی
српски / srpski: Апачи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Apači
suomi: Apassit
svenska: Apacher
Tagalog: Apache
Tsetsêhestâhese: Môhtséheonetane
Türkçe: Apaçiler
українська: Апачі
اردو: اپاچی
Tiếng Việt: Apache
中文: 阿帕契族