Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

  • antonie van leeuwenhoek
    anthonie van leeuwenhoek (1632-1723). natuurkundige te delft rijksmuseum sk-a-957.jpeg
    a portrait of antonie van leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) by jan verkolje
    born(1632-10-24)24 october 1632
    delft, dutch republic
    died26 august 1723(1723-08-26) (aged 90)
    delft, dutch republic
    nationalitydutch
    known forthe first acknowledged microscopist and microbiologist[note 1]
    microscopic discovery of microorganisms (animalcule)
    scientific career
    fieldsmicroscopy
    microbiology
    influencesrobert hooke
    regnier de graaf
    influencedhistory of biology and life sciences
    natural history
    scientific revolution
    age of reason
    signature
    antonie van leeuwenhoek signature.svg

    antonie philips van leeuwenhoek[note 2] frs (k/ lay-vən-hook, -⁠huuk, dutch: [ɑnˈtoːni vɑn ˈleːuə(n)ˌɦuk] (about this soundlisten);[5] 24 october 1632 – 26 august 1723) was a dutch businessman and scientist in the golden age of dutch science and technology. a largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as "the father of microbiology", and one of the first microscopists and microbiologists.[6][7] van leeuwenhoek is best known for his pioneering work in microscopy and for his contributions toward the establishment of microbiology as a scientific discipline.

    raised in delft, dutch republic, van leeuwenhoek worked as a draper in his youth and founded his own shop in 1654. he became well recognized in municipal politics and developed an interest in lensmaking. in the 1670s, he started to explore microbial life with his microscope.[note 3] this was one of the notable achievements of the golden age of dutch exploration and discovery (c. 1590s–1720s).

    using single-lensed microscopes of his own design, van leeuwenhoek was the first to experiment with microbes, which he originally referred to as dierkens, diertgens or diertjes (dutch for "small animals" [translated into english as animalcules, from latin animalculum = "tiny animal"]).[8] through his experiments, he was the first to relatively determine their size. most of the "animalcules" are now referred to as unicellular organisms, although he observed multicellular organisms in pond water. he was also the first to document microscopic observations of muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa, red blood cells, crystals in gouty tophi, and blood flow in capillaries. although van leeuwenhoek did not write any books, his discoveries came to light through correspondence with the royal society, which published his letters.

  • early life and career
  • microscopic study
  • techniques and discoveries
  • legacy and recognition
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • sources
  • external links

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Anthonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723). Natuurkundige te Delft Rijksmuseum SK-A-957.jpeg
A portrait of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) by Jan Verkolje
Born(1632-10-24)24 October 1632
Died26 August 1723(1723-08-26) (aged 90)
Delft, Dutch Republic
NationalityDutch
Known forThe first acknowledged microscopist and microbiologist[note 1]
Microscopic discovery of microorganisms (animalcule)
Scientific career
FieldsMicroscopy
Microbiology
InfluencesRobert Hooke
Regnier de Graaf
InfluencedHistory of biology and life sciences
Natural history
Scientific Revolution
Age of Reason
Signature
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Signature.svg

Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek[note 2] FRS (k/ LAY-vən-hook, -⁠huuk, Dutch: [ɑnˈtoːni vɑn ˈleːuə(n)ˌɦuk] (About this soundlisten);[5] 24 October 1632 – 26 August 1723) was a Dutch businessman and scientist in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology. A largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as "the Father of Microbiology", and one of the first microscopists and microbiologists.[6][7] Van Leeuwenhoek is best known for his pioneering work in microscopy and for his contributions toward the establishment of microbiology as a scientific discipline.

Raised in Delft, Dutch Republic, van Leeuwenhoek worked as a draper in his youth and founded his own shop in 1654. He became well recognized in municipal politics and developed an interest in lensmaking. In the 1670s, he started to explore microbial life with his microscope.[note 3] This was one of the notable achievements of the Golden Age of Dutch exploration and discovery (c. 1590s–1720s).

Using single-lensed microscopes of his own design, van Leeuwenhoek was the first to experiment with microbes, which he originally referred to as dierkens, diertgens or diertjes (Dutch for "small animals" [translated into English as animalcules, from Latin animalculum = "tiny animal"]).[8] Through his experiments, he was the first to relatively determine their size. Most of the "animalcules" are now referred to as unicellular organisms, although he observed multicellular organisms in pond water. He was also the first to document microscopic observations of muscle fibers, bacteria, spermatozoa, red blood cells, crystals in gouty tophi, and blood flow in capillaries. Although van Leeuwenhoek did not write any books, his discoveries came to light through correspondence with the Royal Society, which published his letters.

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Simple English: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
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粵語: 列文虎克