Antigua and Barbuda ( / (; ) listen ) is a country in the West Indies in the B(Y)OO-də , lying between the Americas and the Caribbean Sea . It consists of two major islands, Atlantic Ocean and Antigua , and a number of smaller islands (including Barbuda , Great Bird , Green , Guiana , Long and Maiden and further south, the island of York Islands ). The permanent population numbers about 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is Redonda , on Antigua. St. John's
Lying near each other (the main
is less than Barbuda airport , or 30 0.5° of latitude , north of the main nautical miles ), Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Antigua airport , part of the Leeward Islands , roughly at Lesser Antilles of the 17°N . The country's name was given by equator in 1493 after discovering the island, in honor of the Virgin of La Antigua in the Christopher Columbus . The country is nicknamed "Land of 365 Beaches" due to the many beaches surrounding the islands. Its governance, language, and culture have all been strongly influenced by the Seville Cathedral , of which the British Empire was formerly a part, gaining sovereignty on 1 November 1981. It remains a member of the sovereign state and Commonwealth is the head of state. Queen Elizabeth II 
is Antigua for "ancient" and Spanish is Spanish for "bearded". The island of Antigua was originally called barbuda by Wadadli and is locally known by that name today; Arawaks possibly called it Caribs . Wa'omoni , while sailing by in 1493 may have named it Santa Maria la Antigua, after an icon in the Spanish Christopher Columbus .