Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Motto: "Each Endeavouring, All Achieving"

Location of Antigua and Barbuda
Location of Antigua and Barbuda
and largest city
St. John's
17°7′N 61°51′W / 17°7′N 61°51′W / 17.117; -61.850
Official languagesEnglish
Vernacular languageAntiguan and Barbudan Creole
Ethnic groups
91% African (Black)
4.4% Multiracial
1.7% European (White)
2.9% Other
76.5% Christian
12.2% Other
5.5% Unspecified
5.9% None
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Rodney Williams
Gaston Browne
House of Representatives
27 February 1967
• from the United Kingdom
1 November 1981
• Total
440 km2 (170 sq mi) (182nd)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
100,963[2] (199th)
• 2011 census
• Density
186/km2 (481.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$2.372 billion[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.454 billion[3]
• Per capita
HDI (2014)Increase 0.783[4]
high · 58th
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-268
ISO 3166 codeAG
  1. "God Save the Queen" is the official national anthem, but is generally used only on regal and vice-regal occasions.

Antigua and Barbuda (ə/ (About this soundlisten); B(Y)OO-də) is a country in the West Indies in the Americas, lying between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of two major islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and a number of smaller islands (including Great Bird, Green, Guiana, Long, Maiden and York Islands and further south, the island of Redonda). The permanent population numbers about 81,800 (at the 2011 Census) and the capital and largest port and city is St. John's on Antigua. Lying near each other (the main Barbuda airport is less than 0.5° of latitude, or 30 nautical miles, north of the main Antigua airport), Antigua and Barbuda are in the middle of the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 17°N of the equator.

The island of Antigua was explored by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and named for the Church of Santa María La Antigua.[5] Antigua was colonized by Britain in 1632; Barbuda island was first colonized in 1678.[6] Antigua and Barbuda joined the West Indies Federation in 1958.[7] With the breakup of the federation, it became one of the West Indies Associated States in 1967.[8] Following by self-governing on its internal affairs, independence was granted from United Kingdom on November 1 1981.

It remains a member of the Commonwealth and Queen Elizabeth II is the head of state.[9]


Antigua is Spanish for "ancient" and barbuda is Spanish for "bearded". The island of Antigua was originally called Wadadli by Arawaks and is locally known by that name today; Caribs possibly called it Wa'omoni. Christopher Columbus, while sailing by in 1493 may have named it Santa Maria la Antigua, after an icon in the Spanish Seville Cathedral.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Antigua und Barbuda
armãneashti: Antigua și Barbuda
Avañe'ẽ: Antigua ha Barbuda
azərbaycanca: Antiqua və Barbuda
Bân-lâm-gú: Antigua kap Barbuda
беларуская: Антыгуа і Барбуда
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Антыгуа і Барбуда
Bikol Central: Antigwa asin Barbuda
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Antigua y Barbuda
davvisámegiella: Antigua ja Barbuda
dolnoserbski: Antigua a Barbuda
estremeñu: Antígua i Barbua
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अँटिगा आणि बार्बुडा
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Antigua lâu Barbuda
hornjoserbsce: Antigua a Barbuda
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: এন্টিগুয়া বারো বার্বুডা
Bahasa Indonesia: Antigua dan Barbuda
interlingua: Antigua e Barbuda
Interlingue: Antigua e Barbuda
Kapampangan: Antigua at Barbuda
Kinyarwanda: Antigwa na Baribuda
Kreyòl ayisyen: Antigwa ak Babouda
Lëtzebuergesch: Antigua a Barbuda
Lingua Franca Nova: Antigua e Barbuda
Livvinkarjala: Antigua-Barbuda
македонски: Антигва и Барбуда
Bahasa Melayu: Antigua dan Barbuda
Baso Minangkabau: Antigua jo Barbuda
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Antigua gâe̤ng Barbuda
Dorerin Naoero: Antigua me Barbuda
Nederlands: Antigua en Barbuda
Norfuk / Pitkern: Antigua a' Barbuda
norsk nynorsk: Antigua og Barbuda
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Antigua va Barbuda
Papiamentu: Antigua y Barbuda
Piemontèis: Antigua e Barbuda
Plattdüütsch: Antigua un Barbuda
português: Antígua e Barbuda
Qaraqalpaqsha: Antigua ha'm Barbuda
qırımtatarca: Antigua ve Barbuda
русиньскый: Антіґуа і Барбуда
Gagana Samoa: Antigua ma Barbuda
संस्कृतम्: अण्टीग्वा
Simple English: Antigua and Barbuda
slovenčina: Antigua a Barbuda
slovenščina: Antigva in Barbuda
српски / srpski: Антигва и Барбуда
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Antigva i Barbuda
татарча/tatarça: Антигуа һәм Барбуда
українська: Антигуа і Барбуда
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئانتىگۇئا ۋە باربۇدا
vepsän kel’: Antigua da Barbud
Tiếng Việt: Antigua và Barbuda
žemaitėška: Antėgva ė Barbuda