Animal

Animals
Temporal range: Cryogenian – present, 665–0Ma
EchinodermCnidariaBivalveTardigradeCrustaceanArachnidSpongeInsectMammalBryozoaAcanthocephalaFlatwormCephalopodAnnelidTunicateFishBirdPhoronidaAnimal diversity.png
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Scientific classification e
Domain:Eukaryota
(unranked):Unikonta
(unranked):Obazoa
(unranked):Opisthokonta
(unranked):Holozoa
(unranked):Filozoa
Kingdom:Animalia
Linnaeus, 1758
Major divisions
Major animal taxa
Synonyms
  • Metazoa
  • Choanoblastaea

Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia. With few exceptions, animals consume organic material, breathe oxygen, are able to move, can reproduce sexually, and grow from a hollow sphere of cells, the blastula, during embryonic development. Over 1.5 million living animal species have been described—of which around 1 million are insects—but it has been estimated there are over 7 million animal species in total. Animals range in length from 8.5 millionths of a metre to 33.6 metres (110 ft). They have complex interactions with each other and their environments, forming intricate food webs. The kingdom Animalia includes humans, but in colloquial use the term animal often refers only to non-human animals. The study of non-human animals is known as zoology.

Most living animal species are in the Bilateria, a clade whose members have a bilaterally symmetric body plan. The Bilateria include the protostomes—in which many groups of invertebrates are found, such as nematodes, arthropods, and molluscs—and the deuterostomes, containing both the echinoderms as well as the chordates, the latter containing the vertebrates. Life forms interpreted as early animals were present in the Ediacaran biota of the late Precambrian. Many modern animal phyla became clearly established in the fossil record as marine species during the Cambrian explosion, which began around 542 million years ago. 6,331 groups of genes common to all living animals have been identified; these may have arisen from a single common ancestor that lived 650 million years ago.

Historically, Aristotle divided animals into those with blood and those without. Carl Linnaeus created the first hierarchical biological classification for animals in 1758 with his Systema Naturae, which Jean-Baptiste Lamarck expanded into 14 phyla by 1809. In 1874, Ernst Haeckel divided the animal kingdom into the multicellular Metazoa (now synonymous with Animalia) and the Protozoa, single-celled organisms no longer considered animals. In modern times, the biological classification of animals relies on advanced techniques, such as molecular phylogenetics, which are effective at demonstrating the evolutionary relationships between animal taxa.

Humans make use of many other animal species for food, including meat, milk, and eggs; for materials, such as leather and wool; as pets; and as working animals for power and transport. Dogs have been used in hunting, while many terrestrial and aquatic animals are hunted for sport. Non-human animals have appeared in art from the earliest times and are featured in mythology and religion.

Etymology

The word "animal" comes from the Latin animalis, meaning having breath, having soul or living being.[1] The biological definition includes all members of the kingdom Animalia.[2] In colloquial usage, as a consequence of anthropocentrism, the term animal is sometimes used nonscientifically to refer only to non-human animals.[3][4][5][6]

Other Languages
Acèh: Binatang
Afrikaans: Dier
Alemannisch: Tiere
አማርኛ: እንስሳ
Ænglisc: Dēor
العربية: حيوان
aragonés: Animalia
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܚܝܘܬܐ
armãneashti: Animalu
arpetan: Animâl
অসমীয়া: প্ৰাণী
asturianu: Animalia
Atikamekw: Awesis
Avañe'ẽ: Mymba
Aymar aru: Uywa
azərbaycanca: Heyvanlar
تۆرکجه: حئیوان
bamanankan: Bagan
বাংলা: প্রাণী
Bân-lâm-gú: Tōng-bu̍t
Basa Banyumasan: Kewan
башҡортса: Хайуандар
беларуская: Жывёлы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жывёлы
भोजपुरी: जानवर
Bikol Central: Hayop
Bislama: Animol
български: Животни
Boarisch: Viecha
bosanski: Životinje
brezhoneg: Loen
буряад: Амитан
català: Animals
Чӑвашла: Чĕрчунсем
Cebuano: Mananap
čeština: Živočichové
chiShona: Mhuka
chiTumbuka: Vinyama
Cymraeg: Anifail
dansk: Dyr
Deitsch: Gedier
Deutsch: Tier
Diné bizaad: Naaldeehii
डोटेली: प्राणी
eesti: Loomad
Ελληνικά: Ζώο
эрзянь: Ракшат
español: Animalia
Esperanto: Bestoj
estremeñu: Animalia
euskara: Animalia
فارسی: جانوران
Fiji Hindi: Jaanwar
føroyskt: Dýr
français: Animal
Frysk: Dieren
Gaeilge: Ainmhí
Gaelg: Baagh
Gàidhlig: Beathach
galego: Animais
ГӀалгӀай: Дийнаташ
贛語: 動物
ગુજરાતી: પ્રાણી
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌳𐌹𐌿𐍃
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Thung-vu̍t
한국어: 동물
Hausa: Dabba
հայերեն: Կենդանիներ
हिन्दी: प्राणी
hrvatski: Životinje
Ido: Animalo
Ilokano: Ayup
Bahasa Indonesia: Hewan
interlingua: Animal
Interlingue: Animal
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᓂᕐᔪᑦ
Iñupiak: Niġrun
isiXhosa: Isilwanyana
isiZulu: Izilwane
íslenska: Dýr
italiano: Animalia
עברית: בעלי חיים
Kabɩyɛ: Kpɩnɛ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಪ್ರಾಣಿ
Kapampangan: Animal
ქართული: ცხოველები
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: جانور
қазақша: Жануарлар
kernowek: Enyval
Kinyarwanda: Inyamaswa
Kiswahili: Mnyama
Kongo: Kibulu
Kreyòl ayisyen: Zannimo
kurdî: Heywan
Кыргызча: Жаныбар
лакку: ХӀайван
ລາວ: ສັດ
latgaļu: Dzeivinīki
Latina: Animalia
latviešu: Dzīvnieki
Lëtzebuergesch: Déiereräich
лезги: Гьайванар
lietuvių: Gyvūnai
Ligure: Animalia
Limburgs: Bieste
lingála: Nyama
Lingua Franca Nova: Animal
la .lojban.: danlu
lumbaart: Bestia
magyar: Állatok
मैथिली: पशु
македонски: Животно
Malagasy: Biby
മലയാളം: ജന്തു
Malti: Annimal
मराठी: प्राणी
მარგალური: ჩხოლარეფი
مصرى: حيوان
مازِرونی: حیوون
Bahasa Melayu: Haiwan
Minangkabau: Binatang
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dông-ŭk
Mirandés: Animal
монгол: Амьтан
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တိရစ္ဆာန်
Nāhuatl: Yolcatl
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Manumanu
Nederlands: Dierenrijk
Nedersaksies: Dieren
Nēhiyawēwin / ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐍᐏᐣ: ᐱᓯᐢᑭᐤ
नेपाली: जनावर
नेपाल भाषा: पशु
日本語: 動物
Napulitano: Animale
Nordfriisk: Diarten
norsk: Dyr
norsk nynorsk: Dyr
Nouormand: Animâ
Novial: Animalia
occitan: Animalia
олык марий: Янлык
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ପ୍ରାଣୀ
Oromoo: Binensotta
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hayvonlar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜੰਤੂ
पालि: Ariyasaccāni
پنجابی: جانور
پښتو: ژوي
Patois: Animal
Перем Коми: Пода
ភាសាខ្មែរ: សត្វ
Piemontèis: Animalia
Tok Pisin: Abus
Plattdüütsch: Deerter
polski: Zwierzęta
português: Animalia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Haywanlar
Ripoarisch: Dier
română: Regnul Animalia
romani čhib: Vasho
rumantsch: Animals
Runa Simi: Uywa
русиньскый: Быдла
русский: Животные
саха тыла: Харамай
संस्कृतम्: जन्तवः
Scots: Ainimal
Seeltersk: Dierte
shqip: Kafsha
sicilianu: Armali
සිංහල: සත්තු
Simple English: Animal
slovenčina: Živočíchy
slovenščina: Živali
Soomaaliga: Xayawaan
کوردی: گیانلەبەر
Sranantongo: Meti
српски / srpski: Животиње
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Životinje
ၽႃႇသႃႇတႆး : သတ်းၻဝႃႇ
Sunda: Sato
svenska: Djur
Tagalog: Hayop
தமிழ்: விலங்கு
Taqbaylit: Aɣersiw
tarandíne: Regnum Animalia
татарча/tatarça: Хайваннар
తెలుగు: జంతువు
ไทย: สัตว์
ትግርኛ: እንስሳ
тоҷикӣ: Ҳайвон
lea faka-Tonga: Monumanu
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎦᏂᏝᎢ
Tsetsêhestâhese: Hova
Tshivenda: Phukha
Türkçe: Hayvanlar
Türkmençe: Haýwanlar
українська: Тварини
اردو: جانور
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ھايۋانات
Vahcuengh: Doenghduz
Tiếng Việt: Động vật
Volapük: Nim
Võro: Eläjäq
walon: Biesse
文言: 動物
West-Vlams: Bêesten (ryk)
Winaray: Hayop
Wolof: Rab
吴语: 動物
Xitsonga: Swiharhi
ייִדיש: בעלי חיים
Yorùbá: Ẹranko
粵語: 動物
Zazaki: Heywan
Zeêuws: Beêsten
žemaitėška: Gīvē
中文: 动物