Angola

Republic of Angola
República de Angola  (Portuguese)
Motto: 
  • Virtus Unita Fortior  (Latin)
  • (English: "Virtue is stronger when united")
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
Location of  Angola  (dark blue) in the African Union  (light blue)
Location of  Angola  (dark blue)

in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Luanda
8°50′S 13°20′E / 8°50′S 13°20′E / -8.833; 13.333
Official languagesPortuguese
Co-official languages
Ethnic groups (2000)36% Ovimbundu
25% Ambundu
13% Bakongo
22% other African
2% Mestiço
1% Chinese
1% European
DemonymAngolan
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
João Manuel Gonçalves Lourenço
Bornito de Sousa
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
1575
11 November 1975
22 November 1976
21 January 2010
Area
• Total
1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2014 census
25,789,024[1]
• Density
20.69/km2 (53.6/sq mi) (199th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$198.821 billion[2] (64th)
• Per capita
$6,850[2] (107th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$112.533 billion[2] (61st)
• Per capita
$4,101[2] (91st)
Gini (2009)42.7[3]
medium
HDI (2017)Increase 0.581[4]
medium · 147th
CurrencyKwanza (AOA)
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+244
ISO 3166 codeAO
Internet TLD.ao

Angola (ə/ (About this sound listen); Portuguese: [ɐ̃ˈɡɔlɐ]), officially the Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a west-coast country of south-central Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda.

Although inhabited since the Paleolithic Era, what is now Angola was molded by Portuguese colonisation. It began with, and was for centuries limited to, coastal settlements and trading posts established starting in the 16th century. In the 19th century, European settlers slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. The Portuguese colony that became Angola did not have its present borders until the early 20th century because of resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda.

After a protracted anti-colonial struggle, independence was achieved in 1975 as the Marxist–Leninist People's Republic of Angola, a one-party state supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba. The civil war between the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), supported by the United States and apartheid South Africa, lasted until 2002. The sovereign state has since become a relatively stable unitary, presidential constitutional republic.

Angola has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy is among the fastest-growing in the world, especially since the end of the civil war; however, the standard of living remains low for most of the population, and life expectancy in Angola is among the lowest in the world, while infant mortality is among the highest.[5] Angola's economic growth is highly uneven, with most of the nation's wealth concentrated in a disproportionately small sector of the population.[6]

Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, and the Southern African Development Community. A highly multiethnic country, Angola's 25.8 million people span tribal groups, customs, and traditions. Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, in the predominance of the Portuguese language and of the Catholic Church.

Etymology

The name Angola comes from the Portuguese colonial name Reino de Angola (Kingdom of Angola), which appeared as early as Dias de Novais's 1571 charter.[7] The toponym was derived by the Portuguese from the title ngola held by the kings of Ndongo. Ndongo in the highlands, between the Kwanza and Lukala Rivers, was nominally a possession of the Kingdom of Kongo, but was seeking greater independence in the 16th century.[citation needed]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Angola
Akan: Angola
Alemannisch: Angola
አማርኛ: አንጎላ
Ænglisc: Angola
العربية: أنغولا
aragonés: Angola
armãneashti: Angola
arpetan: Angola
অসমীয়া: আংগলা
asturianu: Angola
Avañe'ẽ: Angola
azərbaycanca: Anqola
تۆرکجه: آنقولا
bamanankan: Angola
Bahasa Banjar: Angola
Bân-lâm-gú: Angola
башҡортса: Ангола
беларуская: Ангола
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ангола
भोजपुरी: अंगोला
Bikol Central: Angola
български: Ангола
Boarisch: Angola
བོད་ཡིག: ཨང་གོ་ལ།
bosanski: Angola
brezhoneg: Angola
буряад: Ангола
català: Angola
Чӑвашла: Ангола
Cebuano: Angola
čeština: Angola
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Angola
Chi-Chewa: Angola
chiShona: Angola
chiTumbuka: Angola
corsu: Angola
Cymraeg: Angola
dansk: Angola
davvisámegiella: Angola
Deitsch: Angola
Deutsch: Angola
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެންގޯލާ
dolnoserbski: Angola
डोटेली: एन्गोला
eesti: Angola
Ελληνικά: Ανγκόλα
español: Angola
Esperanto: Angolo
estremeñu: Angola
euskara: Angola
eʋegbe: Aŋgola
فارسی: آنگولا
Fiji Hindi: Angola
føroyskt: Angola
français: Angola
Frysk: Angoala
Fulfulde: Anngolaa
Gaeilge: Angóla
Gaelg: Angoley
Gagauz: Angola
Gàidhlig: Angola
galego: Angola
Gĩkũyũ: Angola
ગુજરાતી: એંગોલા
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: आंगोला
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Angola
한국어: 앙골라
Hausa: Angola
հայերեն: Անգոլա
हिन्दी: अंगोला
hornjoserbsce: Angola
hrvatski: Angola
Ido: Angola
Igbo: Angola
Ilokano: Angola
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: এঙ্গোলা
Bahasa Indonesia: Angola
interlingua: Angola
Interlingue: Angola
Ирон: Анголæ
isiXhosa: I-Angola
isiZulu: I-Angola
íslenska: Angóla
italiano: Angola
עברית: אנגולה
Basa Jawa: Angola
Kabɩyɛ: Aŋgoola
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಂಗೋಲ
Kapampangan: Angola
ქართული: ანგოლა
қазақша: Ангола
kernowek: Angola
Kinyarwanda: Angola
Kiswahili: Angola
Kongo: Ngola
Kreyòl ayisyen: Angola
kurdî: Angola
Кыргызча: Ангола
кырык мары: Ангола
Ladino: Angola
لۊری شومالی: آنگۊلا
latgaļu: Angola
Latina: Angolia
latviešu: Angola
Lëtzebuergesch: Angola
lietuvių: Angola
Ligure: Angòla
Limburgs: Angola
lingála: Angola
Lingua Franca Nova: Angola
Livvinkarjala: Angola
la .lojban.: angol
Luganda: Angola
lumbaart: Angola
magyar: Angola
македонски: Ангола
Malagasy: Angola
മലയാളം: അംഗോള
Malti: Angola
Māori: Anakora
मराठी: अँगोला
მარგალური: ანგოლა
مصرى: انجولا
مازِرونی: آنگولا
Bahasa Melayu: Angola
Baso Minangkabau: Angola
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Angola
Mirandés: Angola
монгол: Ангол
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အင်ဂိုလာနိုင်ငံ
Nāhuatl: Angola
Dorerin Naoero: Angora
Nederlands: Angola
Nedersaksies: Angola
नेपाली: एङ्गोला
नेपाल भाषा: एङ्गोला
日本語: アンゴラ
нохчийн: Ангола
Nordfriisk: Angoola
Norfuk / Pitkern: Angola
norsk: Angola
norsk nynorsk: Angola
Novial: Angola
occitan: Angòla
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଙ୍ଗୋଲା
Oromoo: Angoolaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Angola
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅੰਗੋਲਾ
पालि: अंगोला
پنجابی: انگولا
Papiamentu: Angola
پښتو: آنگولا
Patois: Angguola
Piemontèis: Angòla
Plattdüütsch: Angola
polski: Angola
português: Angola
Qaraqalpaqsha: Angola
qırımtatarca: Angola
Ripoarisch: Angola
română: Angola
rumantsch: Angola
Runa Simi: Angula
русиньскый: Анґола
русский: Ангола
саха тыла: Ангола
संस्कृतम्: अङ्गोला
Sängö: Angoläa
sardu: Angola
Scots: Angolae
Seeltersk: Angola
Sesotho: Angola
Sesotho sa Leboa: Angola
shqip: Angola
sicilianu: Angola
සිංහල: ඇන්ගෝලා
Simple English: Angola
سنڌي: انگولا
SiSwati: Angola
slovenčina: Angola
slovenščina: Angola
ślůnski: Angola
Soomaaliga: Angola
کوردی: ئەنگۆلا
српски / srpski: Ангола
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Angola
Basa Sunda: Angola
suomi: Angola
svenska: Angola
Tagalog: Angola
தமிழ்: அங்கோலா
Taqbaylit: Angola
татарча/tatarça: Ангола
తెలుగు: అంగోలా
tetun: Angola
ትግርኛ: ኣንጎላ
тоҷикӣ: Ангола
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᏂᎪᎳ
Türkçe: Angola
Türkmençe: Angola
удмурт: Ангола
українська: Ангола
اردو: انگولہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئانگولا
Vahcuengh: Angola
vèneto: Angoła
vepsän kel’: Angol
Tiếng Việt: Angola
Volapük: Langolän
Võro: Angola
文言: 安哥拉
West-Vlams: Angola
Winaray: Angola
Wolof: Angolaa
吴语: 安哥拉
Xitsonga: Angola
ייִדיש: אנגאלא
Yorùbá: Àngólà
粵語: 安哥拉
Zazaki: Angola
Zeêuws: Anhola
žemaitėška: Anguola
中文: 安哥拉