Andes

Andes
Cordillera de los Andes.jpg
The Andes mountain range as seen from a plane, between Santiago de Chile and Mendoza, Argentina, in summer. The large icefield corresponds to the southern slope of San José volcano (left) and Marmolejo (right). Tupungato at their right.
Highest point
PeakAconcagua (Las Heras Department, Mendoza, Argentina)
Elevation6,961 m (22,838 ft)
Coordinates32°S 70°W / 32°S 70°W / -32; -70
Geography
Andes.png
Map of South America showing the Andes running along the entire western part (roughly parallel to the Pacific coast) of the continent
Countries

The Andes or Andean Mountains (Spanish: Cordillera de los Andes) are the longest continental mountain range in the world, forming a continuous highland along the western edge of South America. This range is about 7,000 km (4,300 mi) long, about 200 to 700 km (120 to 430 mi) wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and of an average height of about 4,000 m (13,000 ft). The Andes extend from north to south through seven South American countries: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina.

Along their length, the Andes are split into several ranges, separated by intermediate depressions. The Andes are the location of several high plateaus – some of which host major cities such as Quito, Bogotá, Arequipa, Medellín, Sucre, Mérida and La Paz. The Altiplano plateau is the world's second-highest after the Tibetan plateau. These ranges are in turn grouped into three major divisions based on climate: the Tropical Andes, the Dry Andes, and the Wet Andes.

The Andes Mountains are the world's highest mountain range outside Asia. The highest mountain outside Asia, Argentina's Mount Aconcagua, rises to an elevation of about 6,961 m (22,838 ft) above sea level. The peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorian Andes is farther from the Earth's center than any other location on the Earth's surface, due to the equatorial bulge resulting from the Earth's rotation. The world's highest volcanoes are in the Andes, including Ojos del Salado on the Chile-Argentina border, which rises to 6,893 m (22,615 ft).

The Andes are also part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America and Antarctica.

Aconcagua

Etymology

The etymology of the word Andes has been debated. The majority consensus is that it derives from the Quechua word anti, which means "east"[1] as in Antisuyu (Quechua for "east region"),[1] one of the four regions of the Inca Empire.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Andes
Alemannisch: Anden
Ænglisc: Andes
العربية: أنديز
aragonés: Andes
অসমীয়া: এণ্ডিছ
asturianu: Andes
Avañe'ẽ: Yvytyrysýi Andes
Aymar aru: Andes
azərbaycanca: And dağları
تۆرکجه: آند داغلاری
Bân-lâm-gú: Andes Soaⁿ-me̍h
башҡортса: Анд тауҙары
беларуская: Анды
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анды
भोजपुरी: एंडीज
български: Анди
Boarisch: Andn
bosanski: Andi
brezhoneg: Andoù
буряад: Анда
català: Andes
čeština: Andy
corsu: Andi
Cymraeg: Andes
Deutsch: Anden
dolnoserbski: Andy
डोटेली: एन्डिज
eesti: Andid
Ελληνικά: Άνδεις
Esperanto: Andoj
euskara: Andeak
Fiji Hindi: Andes
føroyskt: Andesfjøll
Frysk: Andes
furlan: Andis
Gaeilge: Na hAindéis
galego: Andes
한국어: 안데스산맥
հայերեն: Անդեր
hornjoserbsce: Andy
hrvatski: Ande
Ido: Andi
Ilokano: Andes
Bahasa Indonesia: Andes
interlingua: Andes
Ирон: Андтæ
íslenska: Andes-fjöll
italiano: Ande
Basa Jawa: Andhès
Kabɩyɛ: Andɛɛzɩ
къарачай-малкъар: Андла
ქართული: ანდები
қазақша: Анд таулары
kernowek: Andes
Kiswahili: Andes
kurdî: And
Кыргызча: Анды
Latina: Andes
latviešu: Andi
Lëtzebuergesch: Anden
лезги: Андаяр
lietuvių: Andai
Ligure: Ande
Limburgs: Andes
Lingua Franca Nova: Andes
lumbaart: Ande
magyar: Andok
मैथिली: एन्डिज
македонски: Анди
മലയാളം: ആന്തിസ്
मराठी: आन्देस
მარგალური: ანდეფი
مصرى: انديز
Bahasa Melayu: Banjaran Gunung Andes
монгол: Андын нуруу
Nederlands: Andes
नेपाली: एन्डिज
नेपाल भाषा: एन्डेज
нохчийн: Андаш
Nordfriisk: Anden
norsk: Andes
norsk nynorsk: Andes
occitan: Andes
олык марий: Анд
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: And togʻlari
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਂਡੀਜ਼
پنجابی: انڈیز
Patois: Andiiz
Piemontèis: Ande
Plattdüütsch: Anden
polski: Andy
português: Andes
Runa Simi: Antikuna
русиньскый: Анды
русский: Анды
संस्कृतम्: आण्डिस्
sardu: Andes
Scots: Andes
Seeltersk: Anden
shqip: Andet
sicilianu: Andi
Simple English: Andes
slovenčina: Andy
slovenščina: Andi
српски / srpski: Анди
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ande
Basa Sunda: Andés
suomi: Andit
svenska: Anderna
Tagalog: Andes
Taqbaylit: Anden
tarandíne: Ande
татарча/tatarça: Анд таулары
тоҷикӣ: Кӯҳҳои Анд
Türkçe: And Dağları
Türkmençe: Andlar
українська: Анди
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاند تاغلىرى
vèneto: Ande
vepsän kel’: Andad
Tiếng Việt: Andes
Võro: Andiq
Winaray: Andes
ייִדיש: אנדן
žemaitėška: Andā