Andean Volcanic Belt

  • the andes mountains are one of the tallest.map of the volcanic arcs in the andes, and subducted structures affecting volcanism

    the andean volcanic belt is a major volcanic belt along the andean cordillera in argentina, bolivia, chile, colombia, ecuador, and peru. it is formed as a result of subduction of the nazca plate and antarctic plate underneath the south american plate. the belt is subdivided into four main volcanic zones that are separated from each other by volcanic gaps. the volcanoes of the belt are diverse in terms of activity style, products, and morphology. while some differences can be explained by which volcanic zone a volcano belongs to, there are significant differences within volcanic zones and even between neighboring volcanoes. despite being a type location for calc-alkalic and subduction volcanism, the andean volcanic belt has a broad range of volcano-tectonic settings, as it has rift systems and extensional zones, transpressional faults, subduction of mid-ocean ridges and seamount chains as well as a large range of crustal thicknesses and magma ascent paths and different amounts of crustal assimilations.

    romeral in colombia is the northernmost active member of the andean volcanic belt.[1] south of latitude 49° s within the austral volcanic zone volcanic activity decreases with the southernmost volcano fueguino in tierra del fuego archipelago.

  • volcanic zones
  • volcanic gaps
  • back-arc volcanism
  • geothermal activity
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

The andes mountains are one of the tallest.Map of the volcanic arcs in the Andes, and subducted structures affecting volcanism

The Andean Volcanic Belt is a major volcanic belt along the Andean cordillera in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. It is formed as a result of subduction of the Nazca Plate and Antarctic Plate underneath the South American Plate. The belt is subdivided into four main volcanic zones that are separated from each other by volcanic gaps. The volcanoes of the belt are diverse in terms of activity style, products, and morphology. While some differences can be explained by which volcanic zone a volcano belongs to, there are significant differences within volcanic zones and even between neighboring volcanoes. Despite being a type location for calc-alkalic and subduction volcanism, the Andean Volcanic Belt has a broad range of volcano-tectonic settings, as it has rift systems and extensional zones, transpressional faults, subduction of mid-ocean ridges and seamount chains as well as a large range of crustal thicknesses and magma ascent paths and different amounts of crustal assimilations.

Romeral in Colombia is the northernmost active member of the Andean Volcanic Belt.[1] South of latitude 49° S within the Austral Volcanic Zone volcanic activity decreases with the southernmost volcano Fueguino in Tierra del Fuego archipelago.