Analgesic

Opium poppies such as this one provide ingredients for the class of analgesics called opiates

An analgesic or painkiller is any member of the group of drugs used to achieve analgesia, relief from pain.

Analgesic drugs act in various ways on the peripheral and central nervous systems. They are distinct from anesthetics, which temporarily affect, and in some instances completely eliminate, sensation. Analgesics include paracetamol (known in North America as acetaminophen or simply APAP), the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as the salicylates, and opioid drugs such as morphine and oxycodone.

When choosing analgesics, the severity and response to other medication determines the choice of agent; the World Health Organization (WHO) pain ladder[1] specifies mild analgesics as its first step.

Analgesic choice is also determined by the type of pain: For neuropathic pain, traditional analgesics are less effective, and there is often benefit from classes of drugs that are not normally considered analgesics, such as tricyclic antidepressants and anticonvulsants.[2]

Uses

Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs provided pain relief in common conditions such as muscle sprains and overuse injuries. Since the side effects are also lesser, topical preparations could be preferred over oral medications in these conditions.[3]

Other Languages
العربية: مسكن ألم
asturianu: Analxésicu
تۆرکجه: آغری کسیجی
беларуская: Анальгетыкі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анальгетыкі
български: Аналгетик
bosanski: Analgetik
català: Analgèsic
čeština: Analgetikum
Cymraeg: Poenliniarydd
Deutsch: Analgetikum
español: Analgésico
Esperanto: Kontraŭdolorilo
euskara: Analgesiko
français: Antalgique
Gaeilge: Anailgéisigh
galego: Analxésico
한국어: 진통제
हिन्दी: वेदनाहर
hrvatski: Analgetik
Bahasa Indonesia: Analgesik
עברית: שיכוך כאב
lietuvių: Analgetikas
македонски: Аналгетик
Bahasa Melayu: Analgesik
Nederlands: Pijnstiller
日本語: 鎮痛剤
norsk nynorsk: Analgetika
occitan: Analgesic
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Analgetiklar
polski: Analgetyki
português: Analgésico
română: Analgezic
русский: Анальгетик
Scots: Analgesic
Simple English: Analgesic
slovenščina: Analgetik
کوردی: ئازارشکێن
српски / srpski: Аналгетик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Analgetik
suomi: Analgeetit
Tagalog: Analhesiko
тоҷикӣ: Аналгетик
Türkçe: Ağrı kesici
українська: Анальгетики
اردو: مسکن
Tiếng Việt: Thuốc giảm đau
文言: 止痛藥
粵語: 止痛藥
中文: 镇痛药