Anaheim, California

Anaheim, California
City of Anaheim
Sleeping Beauty Castle (28926761750).jpg
Angelstadiummarch2019.jpg
New Anaheim Amtrak Station Inside.JPG
Anaheim Convention Center Front view 2013.jpg
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Flag of Anaheim, California
Flag
Official seal of Anaheim, California
Seal
Location within Orange County
Location within Orange County
Anaheim is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Anaheim
Anaheim
Location within the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area
Anaheim is located in California
Anaheim
Anaheim
Location within California
Anaheim is located in the United States
Anaheim
Anaheim
Location within the United States
Anaheim is located in North America
Anaheim
Anaheim
Anaheim (North America)
Coordinates: 33°50′10″N 117°53′23″W / 33°50′10″N 117°53′23″W / 33.83611; -117.88972

Anaheim (m/) is a city in Orange County, California, part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 336,265, making it the most populous city in Orange County and the 10th-most populous city in California.[14] Anaheim is the second-largest city in Orange County in terms of land area, and is known for being the home of the Disneyland Resort, the Anaheim Convention Center, and two major sports teams: the Anaheim Ducks ice hockey club and the Los Angeles Angels baseball team.

Anaheim was founded by fifty German families in 1857 and incorporated as the second city in Los Angeles County on March 18, 1876;[1] Orange County was split off from Los Angeles County in 1889. Anaheim remained largely an agricultural community until Disneyland opened in 1955. This led to the construction of several hotels and motels around the area, and residential districts in Anaheim soon followed. The city also developed into an industrial center, producing electronics, aircraft parts and canned fruit. Anaheim is a charter city.[15]

Anaheim's city limits extend from Cypress in the west to the Riverside County line in the east and encompass a diverse collection of neighborhoods and communities. Anaheim Hills is a master-planned[peacock term] community located in the city's eastern stretches that is home to many of the city's affluent.[citation needed] Downtown Anaheim has three mixed-use historic districts, the largest of which is the Anaheim Colony. The Anaheim Resort, a commercial district, includes the Disneyland Resort, with its two theme parks, multiple hotels, and retail district, and numerous hotels and retail complexes. The Platinum Triangle, a neo-urban redevelopment district surrounding Angel Stadium, is planned to be populated with mixed-use streets and high-rises. Anaheim Canyon is an industrial district north of California State Route 91 and east of California State Route 57.

History

Anaheim in 1879

Founding

Anaheim's name is a blend of Ana, after the nearby Santa Ana River, and German -heim meaning "home", which is also a common Germanic place name compound (compare Trondheim in Norway and many place names in Germany).[16]

The city of Anaheim was founded in 1857 by 50 German-Americans who were residents of San Francisco[17] and whose families had originated in Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Franconia in Bavaria.[citation needed] After traveling through the state looking for a suitable area to grow grapes, the group decided to purchase a 1,165 acres (4.71 km2) parcel from Juan Pacifico Ontiveros' large Rancho San Juan Cajon de Santa Ana in present-day Orange County for $2 per acre.[17]

For $750 a share, the group formed the Anaheim Vineyard Company.[17] Their new community was named Annaheim, meaning "home by the Santa Anna River" in German.[17] The name later was altered to Anaheim. To the Spanish-speaking neighbors, the settlement was known as Campo Alemán (English: German Field).

Anaheim in 1890

Although grape and wine-making was their primary objective, the majority of the 50 settlers were mechanics, carpenters and craftsmen with no experience in wine-making.[17] The community set aside 40 acres (16 ha) for a town center and a school was the first building erected there.[17] The first home was built in 1857, the Anaheim Gazette newspaper was established in 1870 and a hotel in 1871. The census of 1870 reported a population of 565 for the Anaheim district.[18] For 25 years, the area was the largest wine producer in California.[17] However, in 1884, a disease infected the grape vines and by the following year the entire industry was destroyed. Other crops – walnuts, lemons and oranges – soon filled the void. Fruits and vegetables had become viable cash crops when the Los Angeles – Orange County region was connected to the continental railroad network in 1887.

Helena Modjeska

Polish actress Helena Modjeska settled in Anaheim with her husband and various friends, among them Henryk Sienkiewicz, Julian Sypniewski and Łucjan Paprocki. While living in Anaheim, Helena Modjeska became good friends with Clementine Langenberger, the second wife of August Langenberger.[19] Helena Street[20] and Clementine Street[20] are named after these two ladies, and the streets are located adjacent to each other as a symbol of the strong friendship which Helena Modjeska and Clementine Lagenberger shared. Modjeska Park[21] in West Anaheim, is also named after Helena Modjeska.

Early 20th Century

Anaheim High School, c. 1900

During the first half of the 20th century, before Disneyland opened its doors to the public, Anaheim was a massive rural community dominated by orange groves and the landowners who farmed them. One of the landowners was Bennett Payne Baxter, who owned much land in northeast Anaheim that today is the location of Angel Stadium.[22] He came up with many new ideas for irrigating orange groves and shared his ideas with other landowners. He was not only successful, he helped other landowners and businesspeople succeed as well. Ben Baxter and other landowners helped to make Anaheim a thriving rural community before Disneyland changed the city forever. Today, a street runs along Edison Park[22] which is named Baxter Street. Also during this time, Rudolph Boysen served as Anaheim's first Park Superintendent from 1921 to 1950. Boysen created a hybrid berry which Walter Knott later named the boysenberry, after Rudy Boysen. Boysen Park[23] in East Anaheim was also named after him.

Anaheim in 1922

In 1924, Ku Klux Klan members were elected to the Anaheim City Council on a platform of political reform. Up until that point, the city had been controlled by a long-standing business and civic elite that was mostly German American. Given their tradition of moderate social drinking, the German Americans did not strongly support prohibition laws of the day. The mayor himself was a former saloon keeper. Led by the minister of the First Christian Church, the Klan represented a rising group of politically oriented non-ethnic Germans who denounced the elite as corrupt, undemocratic, and self-serving. The Klansmen aimed to create what they saw as a model, orderly community, one in which prohibition against alcohol would be strictly enforced. At the time, the KKK had about 1200 members in Orange County. The economic and occupational profile of the pro and anti-Klan groups shows the two were similar and about equally prosperous. Klan members were Protestants, as were the majority of their opponents; however, the opposition to the Klan also included many Catholic Germans. Individuals who joined the Klan had earlier demonstrated a much higher rate of voting and civic activism than did their opponents, and many of the individuals in Orange County who joined the Klan did so out of a sense of civic activism. Upon easily winning the local Anaheim election in April 1924, the Klan representatives promptly fired city employees who were known to be Catholic and replaced them with Klan appointees. The new city council tried to enforce prohibition. After its victory, the Klan chapter held large rallies and initiation ceremonies over the summer.[24]

The opposition to the KKK's hold on Anaheim politics organized, bribed a Klansman for their secret membership list, and exposed the Klansmen running in the state primaries; they defeated most of the candidates. Klan opponents in 1925 took back local government, and succeeded in a special election in recalling the Klansmen who had been elected in April 1924. The Klan in Anaheim quickly collapsed, its newspaper closed after losing a libel suit, and the minister who led the local Klavern moved to Kansas.[24]

Disneyland and the Late 20th Century

Aerial view of Anaheim and Disneyland in 1965

Construction of the Disneyland theme park began on July 16, 1954, and it opened to the public on July 17, 1955. It has become one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, with over 650 million visitors since its opening. The location was formerly 160 acres (0.65 km2) of orange and walnut trees, some of which remain on the property. Hotels and motels began to spread and residential districts soon followed, with increasing property values.

In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Anaheim's population as 9.3% Hispanic and 89.2% non-Hispanic white.[25] In the late 20th century, Anaheim grew rapidly in population. Today, Anaheim has a diverse ethnic and racial composition.[25]

During the large expansion of the Disneyland resort in the 1990s, the city of Anaheim recognized the Anaheim Resort area as a tourist destination. It includes the Disneyland Resort, the Anaheim Convention Center, the Honda Center, and Angel Stadium.

21st Century

In 2001, Disney's California Adventure (renamed Disney California Adventure Park in 2010), the most expansive project in Disneyland's history, opened to the public.[citation needed] In 2007, Anaheim celebrated its sesquicentennial.[26]

In July 2012, political protests by Hispanic residents occurred following the fatal shooting of two men, the first of whom was unarmed. Protesting occurred in the area between State College and East Street, and was motivated by concerns over police brutality, gang activity, domination of the city by commercial interests, and a perceived lack of political representation of Hispanic residents in the city government.[27][28][29] The protests were accompanied by looting of businesses and homes.[30][31]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Anaheim
العربية: آناهايم
aragonés: Anaheim
azərbaycanca: Anahaym
تۆرکجه: آناهایم
bamanankan: Anaheim
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анагайм (Каліфорнія)
български: Анахайм
català: Anaheim
Cebuano: Anaheim
čeština: Anaheim
Cymraeg: Anaheim
Deutsch: Anaheim
eesti: Anaheim
Ελληνικά: Άναχαϊμ
español: Anaheim
Esperanto: Anaheim
euskara: Anaheim
français: Anaheim
galego: Anaheim
한국어: 애너하임
հայերեն: Անահայմ
Ido: Anaheim
Bahasa Indonesia: Anaheim, California
italiano: Anaheim
עברית: אנהיים
Kapampangan: Anaheim, California
ქართული: ანაჰაიმი
Kreyòl ayisyen: Anaheim, Kalifòni
latviešu: Anahaima
Lëtzebuergesch: Anaheim
lietuvių: Anaheimas
magyar: Anaheim
македонски: Анахајм
മലയാളം: അനഹൈം
монгол: Анахайм
Nederlands: Anaheim
日本語: アナハイム
norsk: Anaheim
norsk nynorsk: Anaheim
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Anaheim (California)
پنجابی: ایناہیم
polski: Anaheim
português: Anaheim
русский: Анахайм
саха тыла: Анахайм
Simple English: Anaheim, California
slovenčina: Anaheim
ślůnski: Anaheim
српски / srpski: Анахајм
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Anaheim, California
suomi: Anaheim
svenska: Anaheim
татарча/tatarça: Анаһайм
українська: Анагайм
Tiếng Việt: Anaheim, California
Volapük: Anaheim
粵語: 安納翰