Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci
Portrait of Amerigo Vespucci.jpg
Posthumous portrait in the Giovio Series at the Uffizi, Florence, attributed to Cristofano dell'Altissimo
BornMarch 9, 1454
Florence, Republic of Florence (present-day Italy)
DiedFebruary 22, 1512(1512-02-22) (aged 57)
Seville, Crown of Castile (present-day Spain)
Other namesAmérico Vespucio [es]
Americus Vespucius [la]
Américo Vespúcio [pt]
Alberigo Vespucci
OccupationMerchant, Explorer, Cartographer
Known forDemonstrating to Europeans that the New World was not Asia, but a previously unknown fourth continent.[a]
Signature
AmerigoVespucci Signature.png

Amerigo Vespucci (i/;[1] Italian: [ameˈriːɡo veˈsputtʃi]; March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer. Born in the Republic of Florence, he became a naturalized citizen of the Crown of Castile in 1505.[2]

Vespucci first demonstrated in about 1502 that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages, but instead constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto unknown to people of the Old World. Colloquially referred to as the New World, it came to be termed "the Americas", a name derived from Americus, the Latin version of Vespucci's first name.[3][4]

Background

The birthplace of Amerigo Vespucci

Amerigo Vespucci was born and raised in Florence on the Italian Peninsula. He was the third son of Ser Nastagio (Anastasio) Vespucci, a Florentine notary, and Lisabetta Mini.[5][6] The father of Ser Nastagio (Anastasio) Vespucci had the name Amerigo Vespucci also.[7] His family lived close to the Ognissanti church, the church of "All Saints", also dedicated to san Salvatore, the "saint Saviour": these familiar places may have influenced the later decision to name the Bay of All Saints and the city of Salvador, Bahia.[8]

Amerigo Vespucci was educated by his uncle, Fra Giorgio Antonio Vespucci, a Dominican friar of the monastery of San Marco in Florence. While his elder brothers were sent to the University of Pisa to pursue scholarly careers, Amerigo Vespucci embraced a mercantile life, and was hired as a clerk by the Florentine commercial house of Medici, headed by Lorenzo de' Medici. Vespucci acquired the favor and protection of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici who became the head of the business after the elder Lorenzo's death in 1492. In March 1492, the Medici dispatched the thirty-eight-year-old Vespucci and Donato Niccolini as confidential agents to look into the Medici branch office in Cádiz (Spain), whose managers and dealings were under suspicion.[5]

In April 1495, by the intrigues of Bishop Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca, the Crown of Castile broke their monopoly deal with Christopher Columbus and began handing out licenses to other navigators for the West Indies. Just around this time (1495–96), Vespucci was engaged as the executor of Giannotto Berardi, an Italian merchant who had recently died in Seville. Vespucci organized the fulfillment of Berardi's outstanding contract with the Castilian crown to provide twelve vessels for the Indies.[5] After these were delivered, Vespucci continued as a provision contractor for Indies expeditions, and is known to have secured beef supplies for at least one (if not two) of Columbus' voyages.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Amerigo Vespucci
aragonés: Amerigo Vespucci
asturianu: Amerigo Vespucci
Aymar aru: Amerigo Vespucci
azərbaycanca: Ameriqo Vespuççi
беларуская: Амерыга Веспучы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Амэрыга Вэспуччы
български: Америго Веспучи
brezhoneg: Amerigo Vespucci
čeština: Amerigo Vespucci
Esperanto: Amerigo Vespucci
français: Amerigo Vespucci
Bahasa Indonesia: Amerigo Vespucci
íslenska: Amerigo Vespucci
Kiswahili: Amerigo Vespucci
latviešu: Amerigo Vespuči
Lëtzebuergesch: Amerigo Vespucci
македонски: Америго Веспучи
მარგალური: ამერიგო ვესპუჩი
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Amerigo Vespuchchi
Papiamentu: Amerigo Vespucci
Piemontèis: Amerigo Vespucci
Plattdüütsch: Amerigo Vespucci
português: Américo Vespúcio
Runa Simi: Amerigo Vespucci
sicilianu: Amerigu Vespucci
Simple English: Amerigo Vespucci
slovenčina: Amerigo Vespucci
slovenščina: Amerigo Vespucci
ślůnski: Amerigo Vespucci
српски / srpski: Америго Веспучи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Amerigo Vespucci
українська: Амеріго Веспуччі
Tiếng Việt: Amerigo Vespucci