Almaty

Almaty
Алматы
City
Left to right, top to bottom: Ascension Cathedral in Panfilov Park; Kazakh-British Technical University; Panoramic view of Almaty from the hills of the Kok Tobe; Abay Opera House; Golden Warrior Monument in the Republic Square; Entrance gate to the Park of the First President; View of the Almaty Tower.
Left to right, top to bottom: Ascension Cathedral in Panfilov Park; Kazakh-British Technical University; Panoramic view of Almaty from the hills of the Kok Tobe; Abay Opera House; Golden Warrior Monument in the Republic Square; Entrance gate to the Park of the First President; View of the Almaty Tower.
Flag of Almaty
Flag
Coat of arms of Almaty
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): South Capital, Apple City, Big Apple
Almaty is located in Kazakhstan
Almaty
Almaty
Location in Kazakhstan
Almaty is located in Asia
Almaty
Almaty
Almaty (Asia)
Coordinates: 43°16′39″N 76°53′45″E / 43°16′39″N 76°53′45″E / 43.27750; 76.89583
CountryKazakhstan
ProvinceAlmaty
First settled10–9th century BC
Founded1854
Incorporated (city)1867
Government
 • MayorBauyrzhan Baybek
Area
 • City682 km2 (263 sq mi)
 • Metro9,395 km2 (3,627 sq mi)
Highest elevation1,700 m (5,600 ft)
Lowest elevation500 m (1,600 ft)
Population (1 December 2017)[1]
 • City1,797,431
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (UTC+6)
Postal code050000–050063
Area code(s)+7 727[2]
ISO 3166 codeALA
Vehicle registration02 (A - on older plates)
ClimateDfa
Websitealmaty.kz

Almaty i/ (Kazakh: Алматы, translit. Almaty [ɑlmɑˈtə]; Russian: Алматы [ɐlmɐˈtɨ]), formerly known as Alma-Ata ɑː/ (Russian: Алма-Ата) and Verny (Russian: Верный Vernyy), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,797,431 people, about 8% of the country's total population.[1] It served as capital of the Kazakh state in its various forms from 1929 to 1997, under the influence of the then Soviet Union and its appointees.[3] Alma-Ata was the host city for a 1978 international conference on Primary Health Care where the Alma Ata Declaration was adopted, marking a paradigm shift in global public health. In 1997, the government relocated the capital to Astana in the north of the country, which is about 12 hours away by train.

Almaty continues as the major commercial and cultural centre of Kazakhstan, as well as its most populous and most cosmopolitan city.[4] The city is located in the mountainous area of southern Kazakhstan in the foothills of the Trans-Ili Alatau at an elevation of 700–900 m (2,300–3,000 feet), where the Large and Small Almatinka rivers run into the plain.[5]

Status

From 1929 to 1936, Almaty was the capital of Kazakh ASSR. From 1936 to 1991 it was the capital of Kazakh SSR. After Kazakhstan became independent in 1991, Almaty continued as the capital until 1997, when Astana was designated a return to the historic capital.

Almaty remains the largest, most developed, and most ethnically and culturally diverse city in Kazakhstan. Due to development by the Soviet Union and relocation of workers and industries from European areas of the Soviet Union during World War II, the city has a high proportion of ethnic Russians and Ukrainians. The city is in the foothills of Trans-Ili Alatau (or Zailiysky Alatau) in the extreme south-east.

It has a relatively mild climate with warm summers and quite cold winters. Since the city is in a tectonically active area, it has an endemic risk of earthquakes. Although most do not cause any significant damage, Almaty has suffered some large destructive earthquakes.

In 1997 the capital was moved to Astana in the north-central part of the country. Since then Almaty has been referred to as the 'southern capital' of Kazakhstan.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Almati
አማርኛ: አልማቲ
العربية: ألماتي
aragonés: Almaty
arpetan: Almaty
asturianu: Almatý
azərbaycanca: Almatı
تۆرکجه: آلماتی
বাংলা: আলমাটি
Bân-lâm-gú: Almaty
башҡортса: Алматы
беларуская: Алматы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Алматы
български: Алмати
བོད་ཡིག: ཨཱལ་མ་ཊི།
bosanski: Almati
brezhoneg: Almaty
буряад: Алимта
català: Almati
Чӑвашла: Алматы
čeština: Almaty
dansk: Almaty
Deutsch: Almaty
eesti: Almatõ
Ελληνικά: Αλμάτι
español: Almatý
Esperanto: Almato
euskara: Almaty
فارسی: آلماتی
français: Almaty
Gaeilge: Almaty
Gagauz: Almatı
Gàidhlig: Almaty
galego: Almati
한국어: 알마티
հայերեն: Ալմաթի
हिन्दी: अलमाती
hornjoserbsce: Almaty
hrvatski: Almati
Ilokano: Almaty
Bahasa Indonesia: Almaty
Interlingue: Almaty
Ирон: Алматы
íslenska: Almaty
italiano: Almaty
עברית: אלמטי
Kapampangan: Almaty
ქართული: ალმათი
қазақша: Алматы
Kiswahili: Almaty
Кыргызча: Алмата
Ladino: Almaty
лакку: Алматы
лезги: Алма-Ата
Latina: Almata
latviešu: Almati
lietuvių: Almata
magyar: Almati
македонски: Алмати
മലയാളം: അൽമാട്ടി
मराठी: अल्माटी
მარგალური: ალმათი
Bahasa Melayu: Almaty
монгол: Алматы
Nederlands: Alma-Ata
日本語: アルマトイ
нохчийн: Алма-Ата
norsk: Almaty
norsk nynorsk: Almaty
олык марий: Алматы
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Olmaota
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲਮਾਟੀ
پنجابی: آلماتی
polski: Ałmaty
português: Almaty
Qaraqalpaqsha: Almati
qırımtatarca: Almatı
română: Almatî
русский: Алма-Ата
саха тыла: Алматы
sardu: Almaty
Scots: Almaty
shqip: Almaty
sicilianu: Almaty
Simple English: Almaty
slovenčina: Alma-Ata
ślůnski: Ałmaty
српски / srpski: Алмати
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Almati
suomi: Almaty
svenska: Almaty
Tagalog: Almaty
татарча/tatarça: Алматы
тоҷикӣ: Алмати
Türkçe: Almatı
Türkmençe: Almaty
удмурт: Алматы
українська: Алмати
اردو: الماتی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئالمۇتا
vepsän kel’: Alma-At
Tiếng Việt: Almaty
Winaray: Almaty
ייִדיש: אלמאטיע
Yorùbá: Almaty
粵語: 阿拉木圖
中文: 阿拉木圖