Ali Abdullah Saleh

Ali Abdullah Saleh
President Ali Abdullah Saleh.jpg
1st President of Yemen*
In office
22 May 1990 – 27 February 2012**
Prime Minister Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Muhammad Said Al-Attar
Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Faraj Said Bin Ghanem
Abd Al-Karim Al-Iryani
Abdul Qadir Bajamal
Ali Muhammad Mujawar
Mohammed Basindawa
Vice President Ali Salem al Beidh (Deputy Chairman of the Presidential Council)
Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
Preceded by Himself as President of North Yemen
Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas as President of South Yemen
Succeeded by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
President of North Yemen
In office
18 July 1978 – 22 May 1990
Prime Minister Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Abd al-Karim al-Iryani
Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Vice President Abdul Karim Abdullah al-Arashi
Preceded by Abdul Karim Abdullah Al-Arashi
Succeeded by Himself as President of Yemen
Personal details
Born (1947-03-21)21 March 1947
Bait el-Ahmar, Sanhan District, Kingdom of Yemen
Died 4 December 2017(2017-12-04) (aged 70)
outskirts of Sana'a, Yemen
Political party General People's Congress
Spouse(s) Asama Saleh
Children Ahmed and others
Military service
Years of service 1958–2017
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars North Yemen Civil War
NDF Rebellion
Yemenite War of 1979
Yemeni Civil War (1994)
Hanish Islands conflict
Yemeni Revolution
Yemeni Crisis
Battle of Sa'dah
Battle of Sana'a (2011)
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)
Battle of Sana'a (2014)
Lahij insurgency
Battle of Aden (2015)
Battle of Aden Airport
Battle of Taiz (2015-present)
Battle of Sana'a (2017)
*Chairman of the Presidential Council until 1 October 1994
** Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi served as Acting President from 4 June 2011 – 23 September 2011 and again from 23 November 2011 – 25 February 2012.

Ali Abdullah Saleh ( Arabic: About this sound  علي عبدالله صالح  , ʿAlī ʿAbdullāh Ṣāliḥ; 21 March 1947 [1] – 4 December 2017) was the inaugural president of Yemen whose ascent to power came after the assassination of President Ahmad al-Ghashmi. He was elected President of Yemen Arab Republic (the Yemen Arab Republic) in 1978 at the age of 31 (others say 36), and subsequently became the first president of Yemen following the Yemeni unification with South Yemen in 1990. [2] During his two decades in power, he was accused of plundering billions of dollars from the poorest Arab nation. [3]

Long considered a moderate president, he oversaw his country's development of deeper ties with Western powers, especially the United States, in its fight against terrorism. In 2011, in wake of the " Arab Spring" that spread across Yemen, Saleh's time in office became more and more untenable, until eventually he was ousted as president of Yemen in 2012. He was succeeded in office by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi. Saleh had openly allied with the Houthis (Ansar Allah), [4] leading to the Yemeni Civil War, in which a protest movement and a subsequent insurgency succeeded in capturing Yemen's capital, Sana'a, causing President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi to resign and flee the country.

In December 2017, he declared withdrawal from the coalition with the Houthis and instead sided with his former enemies – Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and president Hadi. [5] [6] However, accused of treason, he was killed by a Houthi sniper [7] while attempting to flee [8] the capital city of Sana'a amidst the battle on 4 December 2017. [9]

Early life

Young Ali Saleh in the Imamate Army of Yemen uniform

Ali Abdullah Saleh Afash ( Arabic: علي عبدالله صالح عفاش‎) was born on 21 March 1947 [10] [11] [12] to a poor family [13] at Bait el-Ahmar village [10] (Red House village) [14] from the Sanhan (سنحان) clan ( Sanhan District), whose territories lie some 20 kilometres southeast of the capital, Sana'a. Saleh's father, Abdallah Saleh died when Saleh was still young [15] and after he divorced with Ali Abdullah's mother. [13] His mother later remarried to her deceased former husband's brother, Muhammad Saleh, who soon became Saleh's mentor and stepfather. [15]

Saleh's cousin, Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar from the Al Ahmar family, which is also part of Sanhan clan is often confused with the same-named leading family of the Hashid tribe, with which the Sanhan clan was ally. [10] The Hashid tribe, in turn, belongs to the larger Yemeni parent group, the Himyar tribe. The clans Sanhan and Khawlan are said to be related. [10]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Əli Abdullah Saleh
беларуская: Алі Абдула Салех
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Алі Абдула Салех
Bikol Central: Ali Abdullah Saleh
български: Али Абдула Салех
Esperanto: Ali Abdula Saleh
Bahasa Indonesia: Ali Abdullah Saleh
Lëtzebuergesch: Ali Abdullah Salih
Bahasa Melayu: Ali Abdullah Saleh
Nederlands: Ali Abdullah Saleh
norsk nynorsk: Ali Abdullah Saleh
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ali Abdulloh Solih
português: Ali Abdullah Saleh
Simple English: Ali Abdullah Saleh
српски / srpski: Али Абдулах Салих
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ali Abdulah Saleh
українська: Алі Абдалла Салех
Tiếng Việt: Ali Abdullah Saleh