Ali Abdullah Saleh

Field Marshal
Ali Abdullah Saleh
President Ali Abdullah Saleh.jpg
Saleh in 2004
1st President of Yemen*
In office
22 May 1990 – 27 February 2012
Prime MinisterHaidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
Muhammad Said Al-Attar
Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Faraj Said Bin Ghanem
Abd Al-Karim Al-Iryani
Abdul Qadir Bajamal
Ali Muhammad Mujawar
Mohammed Basindawa
Vice PresidentAli Salem al Beidh (Deputy Chairman of the Presidential Council)
Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
Preceded byHimself as President of North Yemen
Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas as President of South Yemen
Succeeded byAbdrabbuh Mansur Hadi
President of North Yemen
In office
18 July 1978 – 22 May 1990
Prime MinisterAbdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Abd al-Karim al-Iryani
Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Vice PresidentAbdul Karim Abdullah al-Arashi
Preceded byAbdul Karim Abdullah Al-Arashi
Succeeded byHimself as President of Yemen
Personal details
Born(1947-03-21)21 March 1947
Bait el-Ahmar, Sanhan District, Kingdom of Yemen
Died4 December 2017(2017-12-04) (aged 70)
outskirts of Sana'a, Yemen
Political partyGeneral People's Congress
Spouse(s)Asma Saleh
ChildrenAhmed and others
Military service
Years of service1958–2017
RankField Marshal
Battles/warsNorth Yemen Civil War
NDF Rebellion
Yemenite War of 1979
Yemeni Civil War (1994)
Hanish Islands conflict
Yemeni Revolution
Yemeni Crisis
Battle of Sa'dah
Battle of Sana'a (2011)
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)
Battle of Sana'a (2014)
Lahij insurgency
Battle of Aden (2015)
Battle of Aden Airport
Battle of Taiz (2015-present)
Battle of Sana'a (2017)
*Chairman of the Presidential Council until 1 October 1994
**Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi served as Acting President from 4 June 2011 – 23 September 2011 and again from 23 November 2011 – 25 February 2012.

Ali Abdullah Saleh (Arabic: About this sound علي عبدالله صالح , ʿAlī ʿAbdullāh Ṣāliḥ; 21 March 1947[1][note 1][2] – 4 December 2017) was a Yemeni politician who served as President of the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) from July 1978, after the assassination of President Ahmad al-Ghashmi,[3] to 22 May 1990, when he became the first President of Yemen following Yemeni unification. He led the country until his resignation on 25 February 2012 following the Yemeni Revolution. Often described as a dictator, he has been accused of plundering billions of dollars from the poorest Arab nation during his two decades in power.[4][5]

Saleh oversaw his country's development of deeper ties with Western powers, especially the United States, in their "War on Terror". In 2011, in the wake of the "Arab Spring" that spread across the Middle East, including Yemen, Saleh's time in office became more and more untenable until eventually he was ousted as President in 2012. He was succeeded by Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.

In May 2015, Saleh openly allied with the Houthis (Ansar Allah) during the Yemeni Civil War,[6] in which a protest movement and subsequent insurgency succeeded in capturing Yemen's capital, Sana'a, causing President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi to resign and flee the country. In December 2017, he declared his withdrawal from his coalition with the Houthis, and instead sided with his former enemies – Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and President Hadi.[7][8] However, accused of treason by the Houthis, he was killed by a Houthi sniper[9] while attempting to flee the capital city of Sana'a[10] amidst the 2017 battle for the city on 4 December 2017.[11][12]

Early life

Young Ali Saleh in the Imamate Army of Yemen uniform

Ali Abdullah Saleh Afash (Arabic: علي عبدالله صالح عفاش‎) was born on 21 March 1947 to a poor family[13] at Bait el-Ahmar village[14] (Red House village)[15] from the Sanhan (سنحان) clan (Sanhan District), whose territories lie some 20 kilometres southeast of the capital, Sana'a. Saleh's father, Abdallah Saleh died when Saleh was still young[16] and after he divorced with Ali Abdullah's mother.[13] His mother later remarried to her deceased former husband's brother, Muhammad Saleh, who soon became Saleh's mentor and stepfather.[16]

Saleh's cousin, Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar from the Al Ahmar family, which is also part of Sanhan clan is often confused with the same-named leading family of the Hashid tribe, with which the Sanhan clan was ally.[14] The Hashid tribe, in turn, belongs to the larger Yemeni parent group, the Himyar tribe. The clans Sanhan and Khawlan are said to be related.[14]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Əli Abdullah Saleh
беларуская: Алі Абдула Салех
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Алі Абдула Салех
Bikol Central: Ali Abdullah Saleh
български: Али Абдула Салех
Esperanto: Ali Abdula Saleh
Bahasa Indonesia: Ali Abdullah Saleh
Lëtzebuergesch: Ali Abdullah Salih
Bahasa Melayu: Ali Abdullah Saleh
Nederlands: Ali Abdullah Saleh
norsk nynorsk: Ali Abdullah Saleh
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ali Abdulloh Solih
português: Ali Abdullah Saleh
Simple English: Ali Abdullah Saleh
српски / srpski: Али Абдулах Салих
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ali Abdulah Saleh
українська: Алі Абдалла Салех
Tiếng Việt: Ali Abdullah Saleh