Algeria

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية ( Arabic)
ⵟⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵜⴰⵎⴻⴳⴷⴰⵢⵜ ⵜⴰⵖⴻⵔⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵜⴰⵣⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉⵜ ( Berber)
Motto: بالشّعب وللشّعب
By the people and for the people [1] [2]
Anthem:  Kassaman
(English: "We Pledge")
Location of  Algeria  (dark green)
Location of  Algeria  (dark green)
Location of Algeria
Capital
and largest city
Algiers
36°42′N 3°13′E / 36°42′N 3°13′E / 36.700; 3.217
Official languages
Other languages French (business and education) [5]
Ethnic groups
Demonym Algerian
Government Unitary semi-presidential people's republic
•  President
Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Ahmed Ouyahia
Legislature Parliament
Council of the Nation
People's National Assembly
Independence from France
• Declared
3 July 1962
• Recognised
5 July 1962
Area
• Total
2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi) ( 10th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2016 estimate
40,400,000 [6] ( 33rd)
• 2013 census
37,900,000 [6]
• Density
15.9/km2 (41.2/sq mi) ( 208th)
GDP ( PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$634.746 billion [7]
• Per capita
$15,281 [7]
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$173.947 billion [7]
• Per capita
$4,187 [7]
Gini (1995) 35.3 [8]
medium
HDI (2017) Increase 0.782 [9]
high ·  83rd
Currency Dinar ( DZD)
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the right [10]
Calling code +213
ISO 3166 code DZ
Internet TLD .dz
الجزائر.

Algeria ( Arabic: الجزائرal-Jazā'ir; Berber: ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ, Dzayer; French: Algérie), officially the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country's far north. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi), Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa. [11] Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea. The country is a semi-presidential republic consisting of 48 provinces and 1,541 communes (counties). Abdelaziz Bouteflika has been President since 1999.

Ancient Algeria has known many empires and dynasties, including ancient Numidians, Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Umayyads, Abbasids, Idrisid, Aghlabid, Rustamid, Fatimids, Zirid, Hammadids, Almoravids, Almohads, Spaniards, Ottomans and the French colonial empire. Berbers are the indigenous inhabitants of Algeria.

Algeria is a regional and middle power. The North African country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe, and energy exports are the backbone of the economy. According to OPEC Algeria has the 16th largest oil reserves in the world and the second largest in Africa, while it has the 9th largest reserves of natural gas. Sonatrach, the national oil company, is the largest company in Africa. Algeria has one of the largest militaries in Africa and the largest defence budget on the continent; most of Algeria's weapons are imported from Russia, with whom they are a close ally. [12] [13] Algeria is a member of the African Union, the Arab League, OPEC, the United Nations and is a founding member of the Maghreb Union.

Etymology

The country's name derives from the city of Algiers. The city's name in turn derives from the Arabic al-Jazā'ir (الجزائر, "The Islands"), [14] a truncated form of the older Jazā'ir Banī Mazghanna (جزائر بني مزغنة, "Islands of the Mazghanna Tribe"), [15] [16][ page needed] [17][ page needed] employed by medieval geographers such as al-Idrisi.

Other Languages
Acèh: Aljazair
Адыгэбзэ: Алджазаир
адыгабзэ: Алжир
Afrikaans: Algerië
Alemannisch: Algerien
አማርኛ: አልጄሪያ
Ænglisc: Algeria
العربية: الجزائر
aragonés: Alcheria
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܓܙܐܐܪ
armãneashti: Algheria
arpetan: Alg·èrie
অসমীয়া: আলজেৰিয়া
asturianu: Arxelia
Avañe'ẽ: Arhélia
azərbaycanca: Əlcəzair
تۆرکجه: الجزاییر
bamanankan: Alizeri
Bahasa Banjar: Aljajair
Bân-lâm-gú: Algeria
башҡортса: Алжир
беларуская: Алжыр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Альжыр
भोजपुरी: अल्जीरिया
Bikol Central: Algerya
български: Алжир
Boarisch: Algerien
bosanski: Alžir
brezhoneg: Aljeria
буряад: Алжир
català: Algèria
Cebuano: Arhelya
čeština: Alžírsko
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Argelia
Chi-Chewa: Algeria
chiShona: Algeria
Cymraeg: Algeria
dansk: Algeriet
davvisámegiella: Algeria
Deitsch: Altschieri
Deutsch: Algerien
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖަޒާއިރު
dolnoserbski: Algeriska
eesti: Alžeeria
Ελληνικά: Αλγερία
español: Argelia
Esperanto: Alĝerio
estremeñu: Argélia
euskara: Aljeria
eʋegbe: Ɔldzeria
فارسی: الجزایر
Fiji Hindi: Algeria
føroyskt: Algeria
français: Algérie
Frysk: Algerije
Fulfulde: Aljeri
Gaeilge: An Ailgéir
Gaelg: Yn Algear
Gagauz: Cezair
Gàidhlig: Aildiria
galego: Alxeria
Gĩkũyũ: Algeria
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: आल्जेरिया
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Algeria
한국어: 알제리
Hausa: Aljeriya
Hawaiʻi: ‘Alekelia
Հայերեն: Ալժիր
हिन्दी: अल्जीरिया
hornjoserbsce: Algeriska
hrvatski: Alžir
Ido: Aljeria
Igbo: Algeria
Ilokano: Arhelia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আলজেরিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Aljazair
interlingua: Algeria
Interlingue: Algeria
Ирон: Алжир
isiXhosa: E-Algeria
isiZulu: IAljiriya
íslenska: Alsír
italiano: Algeria
עברית: אלג'יריה
Basa Jawa: Aljazair
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲ್ಜೀರಿಯ
Kapampangan: Algeria
къарачай-малкъар: Алжир
ქართული: ალჟირი
қазақша: Алжир
kernowek: Aljeri
Kinyarwanda: Aligeriya
Kiswahili: Algeria
Kongo: Algeria
Kreyòl ayisyen: Aljeri
Kurdî: Cezayir
Кыргызча: Алжир
кырык мары: Алжир
Ladino: Arjelia
лезги: Алжир
Latina: Algerium
latviešu: Alžīrija
Lëtzebuergesch: Algerien
lietuvių: Alžyras
Ligure: Algerîa
Limburgs: Algerije
lingála: Aljeria
Livvinkarjala: Alžir
la .lojban.: jexygu'e
Luganda: Algeria
lumbaart: Algeria
magyar: Algéria
македонски: Алжир
Malagasy: Aljeria
മലയാളം: അൾജീറിയ
Malti: Alġerija
მარგალური: ალჟირი
مصرى: الجزاير
مازِرونی: الجزایر
Bahasa Melayu: Algeria
Baso Minangkabau: Aljazair
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Algeria
мокшень: Алжир
монгол: Алжир
Nāhuatl: Argelia
Dorerin Naoero: Ardjiriya
Nederlands: Algerije
नेपाली: अल्जेरिया
नेपाल भाषा: अल्जेरिया
нохчийн: Алжир
Nordfriisk: Algeerien
Norfuk / Pitkern: Algeria
norsk: Algerie
norsk nynorsk: Algerie
Novial: Algeria
occitan: Argeria
олык марий: Алжир
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଲଜେରିଆ
Oromoo: Aljeeriyaa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Jazoir
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲਜੀਰੀਆ
پنجابی: الجزائر
Papiamentu: Algeria
پښتو: الجزاير
Patois: Aljiiria
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អាល់ហ្សេរី
Piemontèis: Algerìa
Plattdüütsch: Algerien
polski: Algieria
português: Argélia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Aljir
qırımtatarca: Cezair
română: Algeria
rumantsch: Algeria
Runa Simi: Alhirya
русиньскый: Алжір
русский: Алжир
саха тыла: Алжир
Gagana Samoa: Algeria
संस्कृतम्: अल्जीरिया
Sängö: Alazëri
sardu: Algerìa
Scots: Algerie
Seeltersk: Algerien
Sesotho: Algeria
Sesotho sa Leboa: Algeria
shqip: Algjeria
sicilianu: Algirìa
Simple English: Algeria
سنڌي: الجزائر
SiSwati: I-Alijeriya
slovenčina: Alžírsko
slovenščina: Alžirija
ślůnski: Algeryjŏ
Soomaaliga: Aljeeriya
کوردی: جەزائیر
српски / srpski: Алжир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Alžir
Basa Sunda: Aljazair
suomi: Algeria
svenska: Algeriet
Tagalog: Algeria
Taqbaylit: Dzayer
tarandíne: Algerie
татарча/tatarça: Әлҗәзаир
తెలుగు: అల్జీరియా
ትግርኛ: አልጀሪያ
тоҷикӣ: Алҷазоир
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᎵᏥᎵᏯ
Türkçe: Cezayir
Türkmençe: Alžir
Twi: Algeria
удмурт: Алжир (кун)
ᨅᨔ ᨕᨘᨁᨗ: Aljazair
українська: Алжир
اردو: الجزائر
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئالجىرىيە
Vahcuengh: Algeria
vèneto: Algeria
vepsän kel’: Alžir
Tiếng Việt: Algérie
Volapük: Laljerän
Võro: Alžeeriä
walon: Aldjereye
West-Vlams: Algereye
Winaray: Alherya
Wolof: Alseeri
Xitsonga: Algeriya
ייִדיש: אלזשיר
Yorùbá: Àlgéríà
Zazaki: Cezayir
Zeêuws: Alherije
žemaitėška: Alžīrs
डोटेली: अल्जेरिया