Alaska

State of Alaska
Alax̂sxax̂  (Aleut)
Alaskaq  (Inupiaq)
Flag of AlaskaState seal of Alaska
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The Last Frontier
Motto(s): North to the Future
State song(s): "Alaska's Flag"
Map of the United States with Alaska highlighted
Official languageEnglish, Inupiat, Central Siberian Yupik, Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Alutiiq, Aleut, Dena'ina, Deg Xinag, Holikachuk, Koyukon, Upper Kuskokwim, Gwich'in, Lower Tanana, Upper Tanana, Tanacross, Hän, Ahtna, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Coast Tsimshian
Spoken languagesEnglish 86.3%
Alaska Native languages 5.2%
Tagalog 3.4%
Spanish 2.9%
Others 2.2%
DemonymAlaskan
CapitalJuneau
Largest cityAnchorage
AreaRanked 1st
 • Total663,268 sq mi
(1,717,856 km2)
 • Width2,261 miles (3,639 km)
 • Length1,420 miles (2,285 km)
 • % water13.77
 • Latitude51°20'N to 71°50'N
 • Longitude130°W to 172°E
PopulationRanked 48th
 • Total739,795 (2017 est.)[2]
 • Density1.26/sq mi  (0.49/km2)
Ranked 50th
 • Median household income$75,723[3] (3rd)
Elevation
 • Highest pointDenali[4]
20,310 ft (6190.5 m)
 • Mean1900 ft  (580 m)
 • Lowest pointSea level
Before statehoodTerritory of Alaska
Admission to UnionJanuary 3, 1959 (49th)
GovernorMike Dunleavy (R)
Lieutenant GovernorKevin Meyer (R)
LegislatureAlaska Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsLisa Murkowski (R)
Dan Sullivan (R)
U.S. House delegationDon Young (R) (at-large) (list)
Time zones 
 • east of 169° 30'AlaskaUTC -9/-8
 • west of 169° 30'AleutianUTC -10/-9
ISO 3166US-AK
Abbreviationsalaska.gov
Alaska state symbols
Flag of Alaska.svg
State Seal of Alaska.svg
Living insignia
BirdWillow ptarmigan
Dog breedAlaskan Malamute
FishKing salmon
FlowerForget-me-not
InsectFour-spot skimmer dragonfly
Mammal
TreeSitka Spruce
Inanimate insignia
FossilWoolly Mammoth
GemstoneJade
MineralGold
OtherDog mushing (state sport)
State route marker
Alaska state route marker
State quarter
Alaska quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols

Alaska (ə/ (About this soundlisten); Aleut: Alax̂sxax̂; Inupiaq: Alaskaq; Russian: Аляска, translit. Alyaska) is a U.S. state in the northwest extremity of North America. The Canadian administrative divisions of British Columbia and Yukon border the state to the east, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug) to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—the southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest state in the United States by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America: its population—estimated at 738,432 by the United States Census Bureau in 2015[5]— is more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy.

The United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U.S. dollars at approximately two cents per acre ($4.74/km2). The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912. It was admitted as the 49th state of the U.S. on January 3, 1959.[6]

Etymology

The name "Alaska" (Russian: Аляска, tr. Alyaska) was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula. It was derived from an Aleut-language idiom, which figuratively refers to the mainland. Literally, it means object to which the action of the sea is directed.[7][8][9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Alaska
Alemannisch: Alaska
አማርኛ: አላስካ
Ænglisc: Alaska
العربية: ألاسكا
aragonés: Alaska
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܠܐܣܟܐ
arpetan: Alaska
asturianu: Alaska
Avañe'ẽ: Alaska
Aymar aru: Alaska suyu
azərbaycanca: Alyaska
বাংলা: আলাস্কা
Bân-lâm-gú: Alaska
башҡортса: Аляска
беларуская: Аляска
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аляска (штат)
भोजपुरी: अलास्का
Bikol Central: Alaska
Bislama: Alaska
български: Аляска
Boarisch: Alaska
bosanski: Aljaska
brezhoneg: Alaska
буряад: Аляска
català: Alaska
Чӑвашла: Аляска
Cebuano: Alaska
čeština: Aljaška
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Alaska
corsu: Alaska
Cymraeg: Alaska
dansk: Alaska
davvisámegiella: Alaska
Deutsch: Alaska
dolnoserbski: Alaska
eesti: Alaska
Ελληνικά: Αλάσκα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Alàska
español: Alaska
Esperanto: Alasko
euskara: Alaska
فارسی: آلاسکا
Fiji Hindi: Alaska
føroyskt: Alaska
français: Alaska
Frysk: Alaska
Gaeilge: Alasca
Gaelg: Alaska
Gagauz: Alaska
Gàidhlig: Alasca
galego: Alasca
ગુજરાતી: અલાસ્કા
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Alaska
хальмг: Аляска
한국어: 알래스카주
Hawaiʻi: ‘Ālaka
हिन्दी: अलास्का
hornjoserbsce: Alaska
hrvatski: Aljaska
Ido: Alaska
Igbo: Àláskà
Ilokano: Alaska
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: আলাস্কা
Bahasa Indonesia: Alaska
interlingua: Alaska
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᓛᓯᑲ
Iñupiak: Alaska
Ирон: Аляскæ
íslenska: Alaska
italiano: Alaska
עברית: אלסקה
Basa Jawa: Alaska
Kabɩyɛ: Alaskaa
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಲಾಸ್ಕ
Kapampangan: Alaska
ქართული: ალასკა
қазақша: Аляска
kernowek: Alaska
Kiswahili: Alaska
Kreyòl ayisyen: Alaska
kurdî: Alaska
Кыргызча: Аляска
кырык мары: Аляска
Ladino: Alaska
لۊری شومالی: آلاسکا
Latina: Alasca
latviešu: Aļaska
Lëtzebuergesch: Alaska
лезги: Аляска
lietuvių: Aliaska
Ligure: Alaska
Limburgs: Alaska
Lingua Franca Nova: Alaska
lumbaart: Alaska
magyar: Alaszka
मैथिली: अलास्का
македонски: Алјаска
Malagasy: Alaska
മലയാളം: അലാസ്ക
Māori: Alaska
मराठी: अलास्का
მარგალური: ალასკა
مصرى: الاسكا
مازِرونی: آلاسکا
Bahasa Melayu: Alaska
Baso Minangkabau: Alaska
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Alaska
мокшень: Аляска
монгол: Аляска
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အလက်စကာပြည်နယ်
Nāhuatl: Alaska
Dorerin Naoero: Alaska
Nederlands: Alaska
Nedersaksies: Alaska
नेपाली: अलास्का
नेपाल भाषा: अलास्का
日本語: アラスカ州
нохчийн: Аляска
Nordfriisk: Alaska
Norfuk / Pitkern: Alaska
norsk: Alaska
norsk nynorsk: Alaska
Novial: Alaska
occitan: Alaska
олык марий: Аляска
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଲାସ୍କା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Alaska
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਲਾਸਕਾ
पालि: अलास्का
Pangasinan: Alaska
پنجابی: الاسکا
Papiamentu: Alaska
Piemontèis: Alasca
Plattdüütsch: Alaska
polski: Alaska
português: Alasca
Qaraqalpaqsha: Alyaska
română: Alaska
rumantsch: Alasca
Runa Simi: Alaska suyu
русский: Аляска
саха тыла: Аляска
संस्कृतम्: अलास्का
sardu: Alaska
Scots: Alaska
Seeltersk: Alaska
shqip: Alaska
sicilianu: Alaska
සිංහල: ඇලස්කාව
Simple English: Alaska
سنڌي: الاسڪا
slovenčina: Aljaška
slovenščina: Aljaska
ślůnski: Alaska
Soomaaliga: Alaska
کوردی: ئەلاسکا
српски / srpski: Аљаска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aljaska
suomi: Alaska
svenska: Alaska
Tagalog: Alaska
தமிழ்: அலாஸ்கா
татарча/tatarça: Аляска
తెలుగు: అలాస్కా
тоҷикӣ: Аляска
Türkçe: Alaska
Türkmençe: Alýaska
удмурт: Аляска
українська: Аляска
اردو: الاسکا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Alyaska Shitati
vèneto: Ałasca
Tiếng Việt: Alaska
Volapük: Lalaskän
West-Vlams: Alaska
Winaray: Alaska
吴语: 阿拉斯加
ייִדיש: אלאסקע
Yorùbá: Alaska
Zazaki: Alaska
Zeêuws: Alaska
žemaitėška: Aleska