Alaouite dynasty

Alaouite dynasty
Alawite dynasty
سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين
Royal standard of Morocco.svg
CountryMorocco
EthnicityMoroccan
Founded1631
FounderMoulay Ali Cherif
Current headMohammed VI
ReligionSunni islam Maliki
Estate(s)Morocco

The Alaouite dynasty, or Alawite dynasty (Arabic: سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين‎, Sulālat al-ʿAlawiyyīn al-Fīlālīyn), is the current Moroccan royal family. The name Alaouite comes from the ‘Alī of ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib, Muhammad's son-in-law and cousin, whose descendant Sharif ibn Ali became Prince of Tafilalt in 1631. His son Mulay Al-Rashid (1664–1672) was able to unite and pacify the country. The Alaouite family claim descent from Muhammad through his daughter Fāṭimah az-Zahrah and her husband ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib.

Conquest

According to tradition, the Alaouites entered Morocco at the end of the 13th century when Al Hassan Addakhil, who lived in the town of Yanbu in the Hejaz, was brought to Morocco by the inhabitants of Tafilalet to be their imām. They were hoping that, as he was a descendant of Muhammad, his presence would help to improve their date palm crops thanks to his barakah ("blessing"), an Arabic term meaning a sense of charisma. His descendants began to increase their power in southern Morocco after the death of the Saadi dynasty ruler Ahmad al-Mansur (1578–1603). In 1659, the last Saʻadī sultan was overthrown before the conquest of Marrakesh by Mulay al-Rashid (1664–1672). After the victory over the Zaouia of Dila, who controlled northern Morocco, he was able to unite and pacify the country.

Other Languages
asturianu: Dinastía alauí
čeština: Alaouite
Deutsch: Alawiden
euskara: Alauiak
Bahasa Indonesia: Dinasti Alawi
მარგალური: ალაუიტეფი
Nederlands: Alaoui
português: Dinastia alauita
русский: Алауиты
українська: Алауїти