Al-Aqsa Mosque

Al-Aqsa Mosque
ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد الْاَقْـصَى‬ Al-Masjid al-‘Aqṣā
Israel-2013-Jerusalem-Temple Mount-Al-Aqsa Mosque (NE exposure).jpg
Al-Aqsa Mosque is located in Jerusalem
Al-Aqsa Mosque
Location within the Old City of Jerusalem
Basic information
LocationOld City of Jerusalem
Geographic coordinates31°46′34″N 35°14′09″E / 31°46′34″N 35°14′09″E / 31.77617; 35.23583
AffiliationIslam
AdministrationJerusalem Islamic Waqf
LeadershipImam(s):
Muhammad Ahmad Hussein
Architectural description
Architectural typeMosque
Architectural styleEarly Islamic, Mamluk
Date established705 CE
Specifications
Direction of façadenorth-northwest
Capacity5,000+
Dome(s)two large + tens of smaller ones
Minaret(s)four
Minaret height37 meters (121 ft) (tallest)
MaterialsLimestone (external walls, minaret, facade) stalactite (minaret), Gold, lead and stone (domes), white marble (interior columns) and mosaic[1]

Al-Aqsa Mosque (Arabic: ٱلْـمَـسْـجِـد الْاَقْـصَى‎, translit. Al-Masjid al-Aqṣā, IPA: [ʔælˈmæsdʒɪd ælˈʔɑqsˤɑ] (About this sound listen), "the Farthest Mosque"), located in the Old City of Jerusalem, is the third holiest site in Islam. The mosque was built on top of the Temple Mount, known as Haram esh-Sharif in Islam. Muslims believe that Muhammad was transported from the Sacred Mosque in Mecca to al-Aqsa during the Night Journey. Islamic tradition holds that Muhammad led prayers towards this site until the 17th month after his migration from Mecca to Medina, when Allāh directed him to turn towards the Kaaba in Mecca.

The covered mosque building was originally a small prayer house erected by Umar, the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, but was rebuilt and expanded by the Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik and finished by his son al-Walid in 705 CE. The mosque was completely destroyed by an earthquake in 746 and rebuilt by the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur in 754. It was rebuilt again in 780. Another earthquake destroyed most of al-Aqsa in 1033, but two years later the Fatimid caliph Ali az-Zahir built another mosque whose outline is preserved in the current structure. The mosaics on the arch at the qibla end of the nave also go back to his time.

During the periodic renovations undertaken, the various ruling dynasties of the Islamic Caliphate constructed additions to the mosque and its precincts, such as its dome, facade, its minbar, minarets and the interior structure. When the Crusaders captured Jerusalem in 1099, they used the mosque as a palace and the Dome of the Rock as a church, but its function as a mosque was restored after its recapture by Saladin in 1187. More renovations, repairs and additions were undertaken in the later centuries by the Ayyubids, Mamluks, Ottomans, the Supreme Muslim Council, and Jordan. Today, the Old City is under Israeli control, but the mosque remains under the administration of the Jordanian/Palestinian-led Islamic Waqf.

The mosque is located in close proximity to historical sites significant in Judaism and Christianity, most notably the site of the Second Temple, the holiest site in Judaism. As a result the area is highly sensitive, and has been a flashpoint in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[2]

Etymology

Al-Masjid al-Aqsa translates from Arabic into English as "the farthest mosque". The name refers to a chapter of the Quran called Al-Isrā’ (Arabic: ٱلْإِسْـرَاء‎), "The Night Journey"), in which it is said that Muhammad travelled from Mecca to "the farthest mosque", and then up to Heaven on a heavenly creature called al-Burāq ash-Sharīf (Arabic: ٱلْـبُـرَاق الـشَّـرِيْـف‎).[3][4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Al-Aqsa-moskee
Alemannisch: Al-Aqsa-Moschee
azərbaycanca: Məscidül-Əqsa
تۆرکجه: مسجد الاقصی
башҡортса: Әл-Аҡса мәсете
български: Ал-Акса
bosanski: Mesdžidul-aksa
čeština: Mešita al-Aksá
Cymraeg: Mosg Al-Aqsa
Esperanto: Moskeo Al-Aksa
français: Mosquée al-Aqsa
հայերեն: Ալ-Ակսա մզկիթ
hrvatski: Al-Aksa
Bahasa Indonesia: Al-Jami' al-Aqsha
italiano: Moschea al-Aqsa
Basa Jawa: Masjidil Aksa
latviešu: Aksas mošeja
македонски: Акса
Bahasa Melayu: Masjid Al-Aqsa
Nederlands: Al-Aqsamoskee
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Masjid al-Aqsa
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਕਸੀ ਮਸਜਿਦ
پنجابی: مسجد اقصا
русский: Эль-Акса
Simple English: Al-Aqsa Mosque
slovenčina: Mešita al-Aksá
Soomaaliga: Masjid al-Aqsa
српски / srpski: Ал Акса
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Al Aksa
suomi: Al-Aqsa
татарча/tatarça: Әл-Әкъса мәчете
Türkçe: Mescid-i Aksa
українська: Мечеть Аль-Акса
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: مەسجىدى ئەقسا
Winaray: Moske Al-Aqsa
Zazaki: Mescida Eqsa