Aircraft

NASA test aircraft
The Mil Mi-8 is the most-produced helicopter in history.
Voodoo, a modified P 51 Mustang, is the 2014 Reno Air Race Champion.

An aircraft is a machine that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil,[1] or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines. Common examples of aircraft include airplanes, helicopters, airships (including blimps), gliders, and hot air balloons.[2]

The human activity that surrounds aircraft is called aviation. The science of aviation, including designing and building aircraft, is called aeronautics. Crewed aircraft are flown by an onboard pilot, but unmanned aerial vehicles may be remotely controlled or self-controlled by onboard computers. Aircraft may be classified by different criteria, such as lift type, aircraft propulsion, usage and others.

History

Flying model craft and stories of manned flight go back many centuries, however the first manned ascent – and safe descent – in modern times took place by larger hot-air balloons developed in the 18th century. Each of the two World Wars led to great technical advances. Consequently, the history of aircraft can be divided into five eras:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Lugvaartuig
Alemannisch: Luftfahrzeug
Ænglisc: Lyftcræft
العربية: مركبة جوية
aragonés: Aeronau
asturianu: Aeronave
Avañe'ẽ: Pepo'atã
বাংলা: বিমান
Bân-lâm-gú: Hâng-khong-ki
башҡортса: Һауа судноһы
беларуская: Паветранае судна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Паветранае судна
भोजपुरी: बिमान
bosanski: Letjelica
brezhoneg: Aerlestr
català: Aeronau
čeština: Letadlo
Cymraeg: Awyren
Deutsch: Luftfahrzeug
Ελληνικά: Αεροσκάφος
español: Aeronave
Esperanto: Aviadilo
euskara: Aireontzi
فارسی: هواگرد
français: Aéronef
Gaeilge: Aerárthach
Gàidhlig: Carbad-adhair
galego: Aeronave
한국어: 항공기
हिन्दी: वायुयान
hrvatski: Zrakoplov
Bahasa Indonesia: Pesawat udara
interlingua: Aeronave
íslenska: Loftfar
italiano: Aeromobile
עברית: כלי טיס
Basa Jawa: Montor mabur
қазақша: Әуе көлігі
Kiswahili: Chomboanga
Кыргызча: Аба кемеси
latviešu: Gaisa kuģis
lietuvių: Orlaivis
Livvinkarjala: Ilma-alus
македонски: Воздухоплов
മലയാളം: ആകാശനൗക
Bahasa Melayu: Pesawat
Baso Minangkabau: Kapa tabang
Nederlands: Luchtvaartuig
नेपाल भाषा: फय्‌खः
日本語: 航空機
Napulitano: Ariemòbbele
norsk nynorsk: Luftfartøy
occitan: Aeronau
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Havo transporti
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਵਾਈ ਜਹਾਜ਼
پنجابی: ہوائی جہاز
português: Aeronave
qırımtatarca: Uçaq
română: Aeronavă
русиньскый: Летадло
Scots: Aircraft
shqip: Avioni
Simple English: Aircraft
slovenčina: Lietadlo
slovenščina: Zrakoplov
српски / srpski: Ваздухоплов
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zrakoplov
Basa Sunda: Kapal Udara
suomi: Ilma-alus
svenska: Flygmaskin
தமிழ்: வானூர்தி
татарча/tatarça: Hawa transportı
тоҷикӣ: Ҳавогард
Türkçe: Hava taşıtı
українська: Повітряне судно
اردو: ہوائیہ
Tiếng Việt: Khí cụ bay
吴语: 航空器
ייִדיש: לופטמאשין
粵語: 航空器
中文: 航空器