Ainu language

Ainu
アイヌ・イタㇰ Aynu=itak
Multilingual sign at Ainu Museum (Shiraoi).JPG
Multilingual sign in Japanese, Ainu, English, Korean and Chinese. Ainu is the language second down from the top on the right side of the sign
Pronunciation[ˈainu iˈtak]
Native toJapan
RegionHokkaido, formerly Russia
Ethnicity15,000 Ainu people in Japan (no date)[1]
Native speakers
10 (2007)[2]
Katakana (current), Latin (current), Cyrillic (Russia, obsolete)
Language codes
ISO 639-3ain
hokk1243[3]
Historical expanse of Ainu.png
Historically attested range of the Ainu (solid red) and suspected former range (pink) based on toponymic evidence (red dots) [Vovin 1993], Matagi villages (purple dots), and Japanese isoglosses
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Ainu (/;[4] Ainu: アイヌ・イタㇰ Aynu=itak; Japanese: アイヌ語 Ainu-go) is a language spoken by members of the Ainu ethnic group on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaido.

Until the 20th century, Ainu languages were also spoken throughout the southern half of the island of Sakhalin and by small numbers of people in the Kuril Islands. There are three main dialects[5] along with 19 other dialects of the Ainu languages. Only the Hokkaido variant survives, the last speaker of Sakhalin Ainu having died in 1994. Hokkaido Ainu is moribund, though attempts are being made to revive it. The Japanese government made a decision to recognize Ainu as indigenous in June 2008.[5] Currently, the Japanese government is constructing a facility dedicated to preserving Ainu culture, including the language.[6]

Ainu has no generally accepted genealogical relationship to any other language family.

Speakers

Pirka Kotan Museum, an Ainu language and cultural center in Sapporo (Jozankei area)

Depending on the classification system used, According to UNESCO, Ainu is considered an endangered language.[5] As of 2016, Ethnologue lists Ainu as class 8b: "nearly extinct".[7] It has been endangered since before the 1960s. There are approximately 30,000 Ainu people in Japan,[8] and only 15 speakers remaining with 304 people understanding the Ainu language. However, those numbers are uncertain because of other Ainu speakers who have not claimed as Ainu.[9]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Ainoe (taal)
العربية: لغة الأينو
asturianu: Llingua ainu
azərbaycanca: Aynu dili
تۆرکجه: آینو دیلی
বাংলা: আইনু ভাষা
Bahasa Banjar: Bahasa Ainu
Bân-lâm-gú: Ainu-gú
беларуская: Айнская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Айнская мова
Bikol Central: Tataramon na Ainu
български: Айнски език
བོད་ཡིག: ཨའི་ནུ་སྐད།
brezhoneg: Ainoueg
català: Ainu
Чӑвашла: Айну чĕлхи
čeština: Ainština
Cymraeg: Ainŵeg
davvisámegiella: Ainugiella
eesti: Ainu keel
español: Idioma ainu
Esperanto: Ajnua lingvo
euskara: Ainuera
Gaeilge: Aidhniúis
galego: Lingua ainu
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌾𐌽𐌰 𐍂𐌰𐌶𐌳𐌰
한국어: 아이누어
հայերեն: Այնու լեզու
hornjoserbsce: Ajnušćina
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Ainu
íslenska: Aínúmál
italiano: Lingua ainu
ქართული: აინუური ენა
коми: Айну кыв
latviešu: Ainu valoda
lietuvių: Ainų kalba
Lingua Franca Nova: Ainu (lingua)
magyar: Ainu nyelv
македонски: Ајнски јазик
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Ainu
Nāhuatl: Ainutlahtolli
Nederlands: Aino (taal)
日本語: アイヌ語
norsk nynorsk: Ainospråk
occitan: Aino (lenga)
Piemontèis: Lenga ainu
Plattdüütsch: Ainu (Spraak)
português: Língua ainu
română: Limba ainu
русский: Айнский язык
sardu: Limba ainu
Scots: Ainu leids
shqip: Gjuha Ainu
sicilianu: Lingua ainu
Simple English: Ainu language
српски / srpski: Аину језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ainu jezik
svenska: Ainu (språk)
தமிழ்: ஐனு மொழி
Türkçe: Aynu dili
українська: Айнська мова
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Ainu
吴语: 阿伊努语
Yorùbá: Èdè Ainu
粵語: 阿伊努文
中文: 阿伊努語