Afrikaans

  • afrikaans
    pronunciation[afriˈkɑːns]
    native tosouth africa, namibia
    ethnicityafrikaners
    cape coloureds
    native speakers
    7.2 million (2016)[1]
    10.3 million l2 speakers in south africa (2002)[2]
    language family
    indo-european
    • germanic
      • west germanic
        • low franconian
          • dutch
            • afrikaans
    writing system
    • latin using afrikaans alphabet
    • afrikaans braille
    signed forms
    signed afrikaans[3]
    official status
    official language in
     south africa
    recognised minority
    language in
     namibia
    regulated bydie taalkommissie
    language codes
    af
    afr
    iso 639-3afr
    afri1274[4]
    linguasphere52-acb-ba
    afrikaans etn15 spread.svg
    regions shaded dark blue represent areas of concentrated afrikaans-speaking communities
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    afrikaans (uk: s/, us: f-/)[5][6] is a west germanic language spoken in south africa, namibia and, to a lesser extent, botswana and zimbabwe. it evolved from the dutch vernacular[7][8] of holland (hollandic dialect)[9][10] spoken by the largely dutch settlers (and then by the native africans who associated with them) in the south-west of what is now south africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century.[11] hence, it is a daughter language of dutch.

    although afrikaans has adopted words from other languages, including german and the khoisan languages, an estimated 90 to 95% of the vocabulary of afrikaans is of dutch origin.[note 1] therefore, differences with dutch often lie in the more analytic-type morphology and grammar of afrikaans, and a spelling that expresses afrikaans pronunciation rather than standard dutch.[12] there is a large degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages—especially in written form.[13]

    with about 7 million native speakers in south africa, or 13.5% of the population, it is the third-most-spoken language in the country.[14] estimates of the total number of afrikaans speakers range between 15 and 23 million.[note 2] it has the widest geographical and racial distribution of all the 11 official languages of south africa, and is widely spoken and understood as a second or third language.[note 3] it is the majority language of the western half of south africa—the provinces of the northern cape and western cape—and the first language of 75.8% of coloured south africans (4.8 million people), 60.8% of white south africans (2.7 million); 4.6% of asian south africans (58,000 people), and 1.5% of black south africans (600,000 people).[15]

  • etymology
  • history
  • classification
  • geographic distribution
  • mutual intelligibility with dutch
  • current status
  • grammar
  • phonology
  • dialects
  • influences on afrikaans from other languages
  • orthography
  • afrikaans phrases
  • sample text
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Afrikaans
Pronunciation[afriˈkɑːns]
Native toSouth Africa, Namibia
EthnicityAfrikaners
Cape Coloureds
Native speakers
7.2 million (2016)[1]
10.3 million L2 speakers in South Africa (2002)[2]
Signed Afrikaans[3]
Official status
Official language in
 South Africa
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byDie Taalkommissie
Language codes
af
afr
ISO 639-3afr
afri1274[4]
Linguasphere52-ACB-ba
Afrikaans ETN15 Spread.svg
Regions shaded dark blue represent areas of concentrated Afrikaans-speaking communities
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Afrikaans (UK: s/, US: f-/)[5][6] is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. It evolved from the Dutch vernacular[7][8] of Holland (Hollandic dialect)[9][10] spoken by the largely Dutch settlers (and then by the native Africans who associated with them) in the south-west of what is now South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century.[11] Hence, it is a daughter language of Dutch.

Although Afrikaans has adopted words from other languages, including German and the Khoisan languages, an estimated 90 to 95% of the vocabulary of Afrikaans is of Dutch origin.[note 1] Therefore, differences with Dutch often lie in the more analytic-type morphology and grammar of Afrikaans, and a spelling that expresses Afrikaans pronunciation rather than standard Dutch.[12] There is a large degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages—especially in written form.[13]

With about 7 million native speakers in South Africa, or 13.5% of the population, it is the third-most-spoken language in the country.[14] Estimates of the total number of Afrikaans speakers range between 15 and 23 million.[note 2] It has the widest geographical and racial distribution of all the 11 official languages of South Africa, and is widely spoken and understood as a second or third language.[note 3] It is the majority language of the western half of South Africa—the provinces of the Northern Cape and Western Cape—and the first language of 75.8% of Coloured South Africans (4.8 million people), 60.8% of White South Africans (2.7 million); 4.6% of Asian South Africans (58,000 people), and 1.5% of Black South Africans (600,000 people).[15]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Afrikaans
አማርኛ: አፍሪካንስ
aragonés: Idioma afrikaans
asturianu: Afrikaans
Avañe'ẽ: Afrikáans
azərbaycanca: Afrikaans
Bân-lâm-gú: Afrikaans-gí
беларуская: Афрыкаанс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Афрыкаанс
български: Африканс
Boarisch: Afrikaans
brezhoneg: Afrikaneg
català: Afrikaans
Чӑвашла: Африкаанс
čeština: Afrikánština
Cymraeg: Afrikaans
dansk: Afrikaans
davvisámegiella: Afrikánsagiella
Deutsch: Afrikaans
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Afrikaans
español: Afrikáans
Esperanto: Afrikansa lingvo
euskara: Afrikaans
فارسی: آفریکانس
Fiji Hindi: Afrikaans bhasa
føroyskt: Afrikaans mál
français: Afrikaans
Frysk: Afrikaansk
Gàidhlig: Afraganais
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Nàm-fî Hò-làn-ngî
հայերեն: Աֆրիկաանս
hornjoserbsce: Afrikaanšćina
hrvatski: Afrikaans
Ilokano: Aprikaans
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Afrikaans
interlingua: Afrikaans
isiXhosa: IsiBhulu
isiZulu: IsiBhunu
íslenska: Afríkanska
עברית: אפריקאנס
Kapampangan: Amanung Afrikaans
къарачай-малкъар: Африкаанс тил
ქართული: აფრიკაანსი
қазақша: Африкаанс
kernowek: Afrikaans
Kinyarwanda: Ikinyafurikansi
Kiswahili: Kiafrikaans
latviešu: Afrikandu valoda
lietuvių: Afrikanų kalba
Limburgs: Afrikaans
lingála: Afrikansi
Lingua Franca Nova: Africans (lingua)
lumbaart: Afrikaans
македонски: Африканс
മലയാളം: ആഫ്രികാൻസ്
მარგალური: აფრიკაანსი
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Afrikaans
Minangkabau: Bahaso Afrikaans
Nederlands: Afrikaans
Nedersaksies: Afrikaans
नेपाल भाषा: अफ्रिकांस भाषा
Nordfriisk: Afrikaans spriak
norsk: Afrikaans
norsk nynorsk: Afrikaans
Nouormand: Afrikaans
Novial: Afrikansum
occitan: Afrikaans
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Afrikaans
پنجابی: افریقان
Papiamentu: Afrikaans
Piemontèis: Lenga afrikaans
Plattdüütsch: Afrikaans
português: Língua africâner
română: Limba afrikaans
Runa Simi: Afrikans simi
русский: Африкаанс
Gagana Samoa: Faʻa Afelika
Seeltersk: Afrikoansk
Sesotho: Seburu
Sesotho sa Leboa: Afrikaans
Setswana: Seburu
sicilianu: Afrikaans
Simple English: Afrikaans
slovenčina: Afrikánčina
slovenščina: Afrikanščina
ślůnski: Godka afrikaans
Soomaaliga: Afrikaans
کوردی: ئافریکانس
српски / srpski: Африканс (језик)
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Afrikaans
suomi: Afrikaans
svenska: Afrikaans
татарча/tatarça: Африкаанс
Tshivenda: Afrikaans
Türkçe: Afrikaans
українська: Африкаанс
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاڧرىقانچە
vèneto: Afrikaans
vepsän kel’: Afrikaans
Tiếng Việt: Afrikaans
West-Vlams: Afrikoans
Winaray: Afrikaans
吴语: 南非语
Xitsonga: Xibhunu
Zazaki: Afrikaanki
Zeêuws: Afrikaons
žemaitėška: Afrėkanu kalba
中文: 南非語