Admission to the Union
|This article is part of |
United States of America
|Preamble and Articles|
of the Constitution
|Full text of the Constitution and Amendments|
The Admission to the Union Clause of the
The Constitution went into effect on June 21, 1788, after ratification by 9 of the 13 states, and the
Of the 37 states admitted to the Union by Congress, all but six have been established within an existing U.S.
In many instances, an enabling act would detail the mechanism by which the territory would be admitted as a state following ratification of their constitution and election of state officers. Although the use of such an act is a traditional historic practice, a number of territories have drafted constitutions for submission to Congress absent an enabling act and were subsequently admitted. The broad outline for this process was established by the
The Admission to the Union Clause also forbids the creation of new states from parts of existing states without the consent of both the affected states and Congress. The primary intent of this caveat was to give Eastern states that still had
Article IV, Section 3, Clause 1:
New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.