Action off Galveston Light

Action off Galveston Light
Part of the American Civil War, Gulf of Mexico Raid
USS Hatteras sinking.jpg
19th century print, depicting the sinking of Hatteras by CSS Alabama, off Galveston, Texas, 11 January 1863
DateJanuary 11, 1863 (1863-01-11)
Location
ResultConfederate victory
Belligerents
United States United States (Union)Confederate States of America CSA (Confederacy)
Commanders and leaders
Homer C. BlakeRaphael Semmes
Strength
1 steamer1 sloop-of-war
Casualties and losses
2 killed
5 wounded
118 captured
1 steamer sunk
2 wounded
1 sloop-of-war damaged

The Action off Galveston Light was a short naval battle fought during the American Civil War in January 1863. Confederate raider CSS Alabama encountered and sank the United States Navy steamer USS Hatteras off Galveston Lighthouse in Texas.

Background

USS Hatteras of 1,126 long tons (1,144 t) was commanded by Captain Homer C. Blake and was assigned to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron off Galveston, Texas. The steamer had a crew of 126 officers and men and was armed with four 32-pounders and one 20-pounder naval gun. Captain Raphael Semmes commanded the 1,050-ton sloop-of-war CSS Alabama which carried 145 officers and men with six 32-pounders, one 110-pounder and one 68-pounder gun. The encounter between the two vessels was the first combat action of Alabama's distinguished career.[1]

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