Abkhazians

Abkhaz, Abkhazians
Аҧсуа
Total population
c.  200,000
Regions with significant populations
Former Soviet Union
 Abkhazia[2]122,040 (2003 census)[1]
 Russia11,366 (2002 census)[3]
 Georgia (without Abkhazia)3,527[4]
 Ukraine1,458[5]
Diaspora
 Turkey600,000 (by descent)[6]
 Syriac. 10,000[7]
Languages
Abkhaz (native), Russian, Georgian, Turkish
Religion
Predominantly Abkhazian Orthodox Christianity/Georgian Orthodox Christianity and Sunni Islam with Abkhaz 'native' pagan minority
Related ethnic groups
Other Northwest Caucasians

Abkhazians or the Abkhaz (Abkhaz: Аҧсуа, Apswa; Georgian: აფხაზები [ɑpʰxɑzɛbi]) are a Northwest Caucasian ethnic group, mainly living in Abkhazia, a disputed region on the Black Sea coast. A large Abkhaz diaspora population resides in Turkey, the origins of which lie in the population movements from the Caucasus in the late 19th century. Many Abkhaz also live in other parts of the former Soviet Union, particularly in Russia and Ukraine.[8]

Ethnology

The Abkhaz language belongs to the isolate Northwest Caucasian language family, also known as Abkhaz–Adyghe or North Pontic family, which groups the dialectic continuum spoken by the Abaza–Abkhaz (Abazgi) and Adyghe ("Circassians" in English).[9] The Abkhaz is closely ethnically related to Circassian.[10] Classical sources speak of several tribes dwelling in the region, but their exact identity and location remain controversial due to Abkhaz–Georgian historiographical conflict (see the history section).

Subgroups

There are also three subgroups of the Abkhaz people. The Bzyb (Бзыҧ, Bzyph) reside in the Bzyb River region, and speak their own dialect.[11] The Abzhui (Абжьыуа, Abzhwa) live in the Kodori River region, and also speak their own dialect, which the Abkhaz literary language is based upon.[11] Finally, there is the Zamurzakan who reside in the southeast of Abkhazia.[11]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Азгъэхэр
Afrikaans: Abchasiërs
Аҧсшәа: Аҧсуаа
العربية: أبخاز
aragonés: Abkhasios
авар: Абхазал
azərbaycanca: Abxazlar
تۆرکجه: آبخاز‌لار
беларуская: Абхазы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Абхазы
български: Абхазци
català: Abkhazos
Чӑвашла: Абхазсем
čeština: Abchazové
Cymraeg: Abcasiaid
dansk: Abkhasere
Deutsch: Abchasen
eesti: Abhaasid
Ελληνικά: Αβασγοί
español: Abjasios
Esperanto: Abĥazoj
français: Abkhazes
galego: Pobo abkhazo
한국어: 압하지야인
հայերեն: Աբխազներ
hrvatski: Abhazi
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangsa Abkhaz
italiano: Abcasi
עברית: אבחזים
ქართული: აფხაზები
қазақша: Абхаздар
Кыргызча: Абхаздар
Latina: Abasci
latviešu: Abhāzi
lietuvių: Abchazai
magyar: Abházok
მარგალური: აფხაზეფი
монгол: Абхаз ястан
Nederlands: Abchazen
日本語: アブハズ人
нохчийн: Абхазаш
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Abxazlar
polski: Abchazowie
português: Abecazes
русский: Абхазы
slovenčina: Abcházci
српски / srpski: Абхази
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Abhazi
suomi: Abhaasit
svenska: Abchazer
татарча/tatarça: Абхазлар
тоҷикӣ: Абхозҳо
Türkçe: Abhazlar
Türkmençe: Abhazlar
українська: Абхази