Abiy Ahmed

Abiy Ahmed
አብይ አህመድ
Abiyyii Ahimad
The state visit of Reuven Rivlin to Ethiopia, May 2018 (6810) (cropped).jpg
15th Prime Minister of Ethiopia
Assumed office
2 April 2018
PresidentMulatu Teshome
Sahle-Work Zewde
DeputyDemeke Mekonnen
Preceded byHailemariam Desalegn
3rd Chairman of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Assumed office
27 March 2018
DeputyDemeke Mekonnen
Preceded byHailemariam Desalegn
Leader of the
Oromo Democratic Party
Assumed office
22 February 2018
DeputyLemma Megersa
Preceded byLemma Megersa
Minister of Science and Technology
In office
6 October 2015 – 1 November 2016
Prime MinisterHailemariam Desalegn
Preceded byDemitu Hambisa
Director of the Information Network Security Agency
In office
Preceded byTeklebirhan Woldearegay
Personal details
Born (1976-08-15) 15 August 1976 (age 42)
Beshasha, Kaffa Province, Socialist Ethiopia
Political partyOromo Democratic Party
Other political
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Spouse(s)Zinash Tayachew[1]
Children3 daughters
EducationMicrolink Information Technology College (BA)
University of Greenwich (MA)
Ashland University (MBA)
Addis Ababa University (FDRE Office of the Prime Minister
Military service
Allegiance Ethiopia
Branch/serviceEthiopian Army
Years of service1991–2010
Rank13.EA-LTC.svg Lieutenant Colonel
UnitArmy Signals Corps
CommandsInformation Network Security Agency
Battles/warsEthiopian Civil War
United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
Eritrean–Ethiopian War

Abiy Ahmed Ali (Amharic: አብይ አህመድ አሊ, Oromo: Abiyyii Ahimad Alii; born 15 August 1976) is an Ethiopian politician serving as the 15th and current Prime Minister of Ethiopia since 2 April 2018.[2] He is chairman of both the ruling EPRDF (Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front)[3] and the ODP (Oromo Democratic Party), which are one of the four coalition parties of the EPRDF.[4] Abiy is also an elected member of the Ethiopian parliament, and a member of the ODP and EPRDF executive committees.

A former army intelligence officer, Abiy, since becoming prime minister, has launched a wide programme of political and economic reforms.

Early life and education

Abiy Ahmed was born in the town of Beshasha[5] in the historic Kaffa Province (in the present day of Jimma Zone, Oromia Region), Ethiopia on 15 August 1976.[6][7] His father, Ahmed Ali, is a Muslim Oromo[8] while his deceased mother was Christian.[9]

Abiy is the 13th child of his father and the sixth and youngest child of his mother.[5][10] His childhood name was Abiyot (English: "Revolution"). The name was sometimes given to children in the aftermath of the Derg revolution of 1974.[5] The then Abiyot went to the local primary school and later continued his studies at secondary schools in Agaro town. Abiy, according to several personal reports, was always very interested in his own education and later in his life also encouraged others to learn and to improve.[5]

While serving in the Ethiopian National Defense Force, Abiy received his first degree, a Bachelor's degree in computer engineering[11] from the Microlink Information Technology College in Addis Ababa in 2001. In 2005, Abiy earned a post-graduate certificate in cryptography at Machine Dynamics in Pretoria, Republic of South Africa.

Abiy holds a Master of Arts in Transformational Leadership.[11] He earned from the business school at Greenwich University, London, in collaboration with the International Leadership Institute, Addis Ababa in 2011. He also holds a Master of Business Administration[11] from the Leadstar College of Management and Leadership in Addis Ababa in partnership with Ashland University in 2013.

Abiy, who had started his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) work several years ago as a regular student,[12] completed his Ph.D. in 2017 at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University. He did his Ph.D. work on the Agaro constituency with the PhD thesis entitled "Social Capital and its Role in Traditional Conflict Resolution in Ethiopia: The Case of Inter-Religious Conflict In Jimma Zone State". As a follow-up to his Ph.D. thesis, he published a research article on de-escalation strategies in the Horn of Africa in a special journal issue dedicated to countering violent extremism.[13]

Other Languages
العربية: آبي أحمد علي
čeština: Abiy Ahmed
Deutsch: Abiy Ahmed
español: Abiy Ahmed Ali
فارسی: آبی احمد
français: Abiy Ahmed
Bahasa Indonesia: Abiy Ahmed
íslenska: Abiy Ahmed
italiano: Abiy Ahmed Ali
עברית: אבי אחמד
ქართული: აბი აჰმედი
magyar: Abij Ahmed
Nederlands: Abiy Ahmed
Simple English: Abiy Ahmed
svenska: Abiy Ahmed
Türkçe: Abiy Ahmed Ali
Tiếng Việt: Abiy Ahmed