Abiy Ahmed

Abiy Ahmed
አብይ አህመድ
Abiyyi Ahimad
Abiy.jpg
15th Prime Minister of Ethiopia
Assumed office
2 April 2018
PresidentMulatu Teshome
DeputyDemeke Mekonnen
Preceded byHailemariam Desalegn
3rd Chairman of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Assumed office
27 March 2018
DeputyDemeke Mekonnen
Preceded byHailemariam Desalegn
Leader of the
Oromo Peoples' Democratic Organization
Assumed office
22 February 2018
DeputyLemma Megersa
Preceded byLemma Megersa
Minister of Science and Technology
In office
6 October 2015 – 1 November 2016
Prime MinisterHailemariam Desalegn
Preceded byDemitu Hambisa
Succeeded byGetahun Mekuria
Director of the Information Network Security Agency
Acting
In office
2008–2010
Preceded byTeklebirhan Woldearegay
Succeeded byTeklebirhan Woldearegay
Personal details
Born (1976-08-15) 15 August 1976 (age 41)
Beshasha, Kaffa Province, Socialist Ethiopia
Political partyOromo Peoples' Democratic Organization
Other political
affiliations
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front
Spouse(s)Zinash Tayachew
Children3 daughters
EducationMicrolink Information Technology College (BA)
University of Greenwich (MA)
Ashland University (MBA)
Addis Ababa University (PhD)
Military service
Allegiance Ethiopia
Service/branchEthiopian Army
Years of service1991–2010
Rank13.EA-LTC.svg Lieutenant Colonel
UnitArmy Signals Corps
CommandsInformation Network Security Agency
Battles/warsEthiopian Civil War
United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda
Eritrean–Ethiopian War

Abiy Ahmed Ali (Amharic: አብይ አህመድ አሊ, Oromo: Abiyyi Ahimad Alii; born 15 August 1976) is an Ethiopian politician serving as the 15th and current Prime Minister of Ethiopia since 2 April 2018.[1] He is chairman of both the ruling EPRDF (Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front)[2] and the OPDO (Oromo Peoples' Democratic Organization), which is one of the four coalition parties of the EPRDF.[3] Abiy is also an elected member of the Ethiopian parliament, and a member of the OPDO and EPRDF executive committees.

A former army intelligence officer, since becoming Prime Minister, Abiy has launched a wide programme of political and economic reforms.

Early life and education

Abiy Ahmed was born in Beshasha town[4] in the historic Kaffa Province (in modern times Jimma Zone, Oromia Region), Ethiopia, on 15 August 1976.[5][6][7] He grew up in both a Christian and a Muslim family. His still living father, Ahmed Ali, is a Muslim Oromo who had four wives; while Abiy's deceased mother, Tezeta Wolde, was a Christian Amhara. Abiy is the thirteenth child to his father and was the sixth and youngest child of his mother.[4][8] His childhood name was Abiyot, meaning Revolution, in Amharic, a name that was sometimes given to children in the aftermath of the Derg seizure of power in 1974.[4] The then Abiyot went to the local primary school and later continued his studies at secondary schools in Agaro town. Abiy, according to several personal reports, was always very interested in his own education and later in his life also encouraged others to learn and to improve.[4]

While serving in the Ethiopian National Defense Force, Abiy received his first degree, a Bachelor's degree in Computer Engineering[9] from the Microlink Information Technology College in Addis Ababa in 2001. In 2005, Abiy earned a post-graduate certificate in Cryptography at Machihe Dynamics in Pretoria, Republic of South Africa (AES encryption based on block cipher).

Abiy holds a Master of Arts in Transformational Leadership and Change[9] with Merit, earned from the Business School at Greenwich University, London, in collaboration with the International Leadership Institute, Addis Ababa, in 2011. He also holds a Master of Business Administration[9] from the Leadstar College of Management and Leadership in Addis Ababa in partnership with Ashland University in 2013.

Abiy, who had started his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) work several years ago as a regular student,[10] completed his PhD in 2017 at the Institute for Peace and Security Studies, Addis Ababa University. He did his PhD work on the Agaro constituency with the PhD thesis entitled “Social Capital and its Role in Traditional Conflict Resolution in Ethiopia: The Case of Inter-Religious Conflict In Jimma Zone state”. As a follow-up to his PhD thesis, he published a research article on de-escalation strategies in the Horn of Africa Bulletin in a special journal issue dedicated to countering violent extremism.[11]

Other Languages
العربية: آبي أحمد علي
español: Abiy Ahmed Ali
فارسی: آبی احمد
français: Abiy Ahmed
Bahasa Indonesia: Abiy Ahmed
italiano: Abiy Ahmed Ali
עברית: אבי אחמד
magyar: Abij Ahmed
Nederlands: Abiy Ahmed Ali
Simple English: Abiy Ahmed
svenska: Abiy Ahmed
Türkçe: Abiy Ahmed Ali
Tiếng Việt: Abiy Ahmed