A. Merritt

A. Merritt
Merritt circa 1920
Merritt circa 1920
BornAbraham Grace Merritt
(1884-01-20)January 20, 1884
Beverly, New Jersey, USA
DiedAugust 21, 1943(1943-08-21) (aged 59)
Indian Rocks Beach, Florida, USA
Pen nameW. Fenimore (one 1923 story)
OccupationJournalist, writer
Period1917–1943 (fiction)
GenreSpeculative fiction, supernatural fiction
SubjectWeekly news supplement

Abraham Grace Merritt (January 20, 1884 – August 21, 1943) – known by his byline, A. Merritt – was an American Sunday magazine editor and a writer of fantastic fiction.[1]

The Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame inducted him in 1999, its fourth class of two deceased and two living writers.[2]


Born in Beverly, New Jersey, he moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1894.[3] Originally trained in law, he turned to journalism, first as a correspondent and later as editor. According to Peter Haining, Merritt survived a harrowing experience while a young reporter at the Philadelphia Inquirer about which he refused to ever speak, but would, as Haining claims, mark a turning point in Merritt's life. He was assistant editor of The American Weekly from 1912 to 1937 under Morrill Goddard, then its editor from 1937 until his death. As editor, he hired the unheralded new artists Virgil Finlay and Hannes Bok and promoted the work done on polio by Sister Elizabeth Kenny.

His fiction, eight complete novels and a number of short stories,[4] was only a sideline to his journalism career. One of the best-paid journalists of his era, Merritt made $25,000 per year by 1919, and at the end of his life was earning $100,000 yearly—exceptional sums for the period. His financial success allowed him to pursue world travel—he invested in real estate in Jamaica and Ecuador—and exotic hobbies, like cultivating orchids and plants linked to witchcraft and magic (monkshood, wolfbane, blue datura, peyote, and cannabis).[5]

He was described as a hypochondriac who talked endlessly about his medical symptoms, and showed eccentric behavior like a need to try out any food, tobacco and medicine he found on his coworkers desks. Occasionally he would dress in a kilt and play serenades for his coworkers with some of his huge collection of instruments he kept in a locked closet at work. He was well liked for his fairness and inability to fire any employees.[6]

Merritt married twice, once in the 1910s to Eleanore Ratcliffe, with whom he raised an adopted daughter, and again in the 1930s to Eleanor H. Johnson. He lived in the Hollis Park Gardens neighborhood of Queens, New York City, where he accumulated collections of weapons, carvings, and primitive masks from his travels, as well as a library of occult literature that reportedly exceeded 5000 volumes. He died suddenly of a heart attack, at his winter home in Indian Rocks Beach, Florida, in 1943.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Abraham Merritt
български: Абрахам Мерит
Ελληνικά: Άμπρααμ Μέριτ
español: Abraham Merritt
français: Abraham Merritt
italiano: Abraham Merritt
română: A. Merritt
Türkçe: A. Merritt
українська: Абрахам Мерріт