750s

Millennium:1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

The 750s decade ran from January 1, 750, to December 31, 759.

Events

750

By place

Umayyad Caliphate
Europe
Britain
Africa
India
America
Indonesia
  • Borobudur, or Barabudur (a Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia, as well as the world's largest Buddhist temple, and also one of the greatest Buddhist monuments in the world) is built (approximate date).

By topic

Art
Food and drink

751

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
Abbasid Caliphate
  • Battle of Talas: First recorded encounter (and the last) between Arab and Chinese forces. The rulers of Tashkent and Ferghana are both nominal vassals of the Tang Dynasty; the Chinese have intervened on behalf of Ferghana in a conflict between the two; the Abbasid Caliphate, competing with the Chinese for control of Central Asia, has become involved. Arab forces from Samarkand have marched to challenge a Chinese army (30,000 men) under Gao Xianzhi. Gao has had a series of military victories in the region, but his Turkish contingent, Karluk mercenaries, defects. Out of 10,000 Tang troops, only 2,000 manage to return from the Talas River to China. The Arabs triumph, and they will remain the dominant force in Transoxiana for the next 150 years.
  • Muslim introduction of papermaking: The first paper mill in the Islamic world begins production at Samarkand. Captured craftsmen, taken at the Battle of Talas River, have by some accounts revealed the technique of papermaking (although paper may have arrived from China much earlier via the Silk Road). Arab scholars will use paper to produce translations of Ancient Greek and Roman writings.
Asia
  • Like the storm of 721, the storm of this year at the southern Chinese seaport of Yangzhou reportedly destroys over 1,000 ships engaged in canal and river traffic (approximate date).
  • The Japanese poetry anthology Kaifūsō is assembled.

By topic

Religion

752

By place

Europe
Britain
Africa
Mesoamerica

By topic

Religion

753

By place

Europe

By topic

Religion

754

By place

Europe
Abbasid Caliphate
Asia
  • Jianzhen, Chinese Buddhist monk, arrives in Nara, where he is welcomed by former emperor Shōmu and empress Kōmyō. During his visit Jianzhen introduces sugar to the Japanese court, using it to mask the flavors of foul-tasting herbal tea.
  • A Tang census shows that 75% of the Chinese live north of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River. The capital of Chang'an has a population of 2 million and more than 25 other cities have well over 500,000 citizens (approximate date).

By topic

Religion

755

By place

Europe
Britain
Asia

756

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
Britain
Abbasid Caliphate
  • Ibn al-Muqaffa', Muslim writer and thinker, is tortured at Basra (modern Iraq), on orders from Caliph al-Mansur. His limbs are severed and he is thrown, still alive, into a burning oven (approximate date).
China
  • January – An Lushan Rebellion: The Chinese eastern capital of Luoyang falls to the 200,000-strong army of the rebel general An Lushan, who defeats loyalist forces under Feng Changqing. The rebels cross the Yellow River, and march on to capture the cities Chenliu and Yingyang (modern Zhengzhou, Henan).
  • Battle of Yongqiu: A Tang garrison (2,000 men), under Zhang Xun, successfully defend their fortress against the rebel army at Yongqiu. Zang achieves a victory after a 4-month siege, and prevents the rebels from capturing the fertile Tang territory south of the Huai River.
  • February 5 – An Lushan declares himself emperor at Luoyang, establishing a new empire, called the Great Yan. He pushes on towards the primary Tang capital at Chang'an (now Xi'an). An decides to seize southern China, to cut off loyalist reinforcements. Meanwhile, numerous soldiers join the rebellion.
  • May – Emperor Xuan Zong hires 4,000 Muslim mercenaries to help defend Chang'an against the rebels. Loyalist forces take defensible positions in the mountain passes, but chancellor Yang Guozhong gives orders for them to leave their posts. An Lushan crushes the Tang troops, leaving the capital wide open.
  • July 14 – Xuan Zong flees (along with the imperial court) the capital of Chang'an for Sichuan, as rebel forces advance through the Tongguan Pass toward the city. Meanwhile, An Lushan is ailing, perhaps with diabetes. He is nearly blind and suffers from extreme irascibility.
  • July 15 – Xuan Zong is ordered by his Imperial Guards to execute Yang Guozhong, by forcing him to commit suicide or face a mutiny. He permits his consort Yang Guifei to be strangled by his chief eunuch. An Lushan also has other members of the emperor's family killed.
  • August 12 – Xuan Zong abdicates the throne after a 44-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Su Zong, as emperor of the Tang Dynasty. He hires 22,000 Muslim mercenaries to reinforce his decimated army at Lingzhou.
Japan

757

By place

Europe
Britain
Africa
China

By topic

Catastrophe
Religion

758

By place

Europe
Britain
Africa
Asia
  • An Lushan Rebellion: The Chinese seaport of Guangzhou is sacked by Muslim and Persian raiders. The port is shut down for the next 5 decades, while foreign vessels dock at Hanoi (modern Vietnam) instead. Guangzhou thrives again, once it is reopened to foreign trade in the early 9th century.
  • June – Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at the Tang capital of Chang'an, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, to present tribute before the other. A settlement is reached when both are allowed to enter at the same time, but through different gates to the palace.
  • Empress Kōken abdicates the throne, after a 9-year reign. She is succeeded by her adopted son Junnin, grandson of the late emperor Tenmu. He becomes the 47th emperor (tennō) of Japan.

759

By place

Byzantine Empire
Europe
Britain
Abbasid Caliphate
Asia

By topic

Religion
Other Languages
العربية: عقد 750
aragonés: Anyos 750
asturianu: Década del 750
Bân-lâm-gú: 750 nî-tāi
беларуская: 750-я
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 750-я
bosanski: 750-e
brezhoneg: Bloavezhioù 750
Чӑвашла: 750-мĕш çулсем
Cymraeg: 750au
dansk: 750'erne
Deutsch: 750er
emiliàn e rumagnòl: An 750
español: Años 750
føroyskt: 750-árini
français: Années 750
Gaeilge: 750í
Gàidhlig: 750an
贛語: 750年代
한국어: 750년대
hrvatski: 750-ih
Bahasa Indonesia: 750-an
italiano: Anni 750
Basa Jawa: 750-an
ქართული: 750-იანები
Kiswahili: Miaka ya 750
magyar: 750-es évek
македонски: 750-ти
Bahasa Melayu: 750-an
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 750 nièng-dâi
Nāhuatl: 750 xihuitl
Nederlands: 750-759
日本語: 750年代
norsk: 750-årene
Nouormand: Annaées 750
олык марий: 750 ийла
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 750-lar
português: Década de 750
română: Anii 750
Runa Simi: 750 watakuna
русский: 750-е годы
Sesotho sa Leboa: 750s
shqip: Vitet 750
sicilianu: 750ini
slovenščina: 750.
српски / srpski: 750-е
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 750-e
Basa Sunda: 750-an
suomi: 750-luku
svenska: 750-talet
татарча/tatarça: 750-еллар
Türkmençe: 750ýý
українська: 750-ті
Tiếng Việt: Thập niên 750
粵語: 750年代
中文: 750年代