2020 Taiwanese presidential election

2020 Taiwanese presidential election

← 201611 January 2020 (2020-01-11)2024 →
Registered19,311,105
Turnout74.9% Increase 8.6 pp
 Tsai Ing-wen election infobox.png高雄市長 韓國瑜.jpg
NomineeTsai Ing-wenHan Kuo-yu
PartyDPPKuomintang
Running mateWilliam LaiChang San-cheng
Popular vote8,170,2315,522,119
Percentage57.1%38.6%

Taiwan presidential election map 2020.svg
Leading candidates and vote share by administrative division

President before election

Tsai Ing-wen
DPP

Elected President

Tsai Ing-wen
DPP

The 15th presidential and vice-presidential election of the Republic of China (Chinese: 中華民國第十五屆總統副總統選舉) was held in Taiwan on 11 January 2020 along with the 10th Legislative Yuan election. Incumbent president Tsai Ing-wen and former premier William Lai of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won the election, defeating Kaohsiung mayor Han Kuo-yu of the Kuomintang (KMT) and his running mate Chang San-cheng, as well as third-party candidate James Soong.[1][2]

Following major losses during the 2018 Taiwanese local elections, Tsai Ing-wen resigned from her party's chairmanship and was challenged in the primary contest by former Premier William Lai, himself a former Tsai appointee. The Kuomintang also ran a competitive primary, which saw Han Kuo-yu, initially reluctant to run, defeat former presidential candidate and New Taipei mayor Eric Chu, and Foxconn chief executive Terry Gou.

Both domestic issues and Cross-Strait relations featured in the campaign, with Han attacking Tsai for her perceived failures in labour reform, economic management, and dealing with corruption of her aides. However, Tsai's strong response to Beijing's increasing pressures on Taiwan to accede to a unification agreement, amid the backdrop of the intensely followed Hong Kong anti-extradition protests, proved crucial in her recapturing broad support.

The election had a turnout of 74.9%, the highest among nationwide elections since 2008. Tsai won a record 8.17 million votes, representing 57.1% of the popular vote, the highest vote share won by a DPP candidate in presidential elections.[3] The DPP received a higher share of the vote in major metropolitan areas, reversing the KMT's fortunes in Kaohsiung and environs, while the Kuomintang retained strength in limited eastern regions and off-island constituencies. Tsai is scheduled to be re-inaugurated on 20 May 2020.

Eligibility

Presidential candidates and Vice Presidential running mates are elected on the same ticket, using first-past-the-post voting. This will be the seventh direct election of the president and vice president, the posts having previously been indirectly elected by the National Assembly until 1996.

Under applicable legislation, any party which received more than five per cent of the total vote share in the latest election in any level were eligible to contest the election. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Kuomintang (KMT), New Power Party (NPP) and People First Party (PFP) were eligible, though in the end only three major-party candidates were certified: incumbent President Tsai Ing-wen of the Democratic Progressive Party, Kaohsiung mayor Han Kuo-yu of Kuomintang, and perennial veteran candidate James Soong of the People First Party. Vice President Chen Chien-jen, Tsai's running mate in 2016, was eligible for re-election but chose not to contest.[4]

Other Languages