The 2020 Irish general election took place on Saturday, 8 February. This was the first election since 1918 to be held on a weekend. The election was called following the dissolution of the 32nd Dáil by the president, at the request of TaoiseachLeo Varadkar on 14 January 2020. 159 of 160 Dáil Éireann seats were contested, with the Ceann Comhairle (speaker) being re-elected automatically.
The three largest parties each won a share of the vote between 20% and 25%. Fianna Fáil finished with 38 seats, including the Ceann Comhairle, whose seat was not contested. Sinn Féin made significant gains. It received the most first-preference votes and won 37 seats, its best result since it took its current form in 1970. Fine Gael, the governing party led by Taoiseach Leo Varadkar, finished third in both number of seats (35) and first-preference votes. International news outlets described the result as a historic break from the two-party system, as it was the first time in almost a century that neither Fianna Fáil nor Fine Gael won the most votes. Before the election, the leaders of those parties had ruled out forming a coalition government with Sinn Féin.
To secure a majority, a government would need the support of 80 or more Teachtaí Dála of the 160 seats in the Dáil. Any government would therefore need the support of more than two parties or a large group of Independent TDs, or a formal confidence and supply arrangement with another party that would agree to abstain on votes of confidence and the budget.