2018 United States House of Representatives elections

2018 United States House of Representatives elections

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All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives[a]
218 seats needed for a majority
 Majority partyMinority party
 Nancy Pelosi 113th Congress 2013.jpgPaul Ryan 113th Congress.jpg
LeaderNancy PelosiPaul Ryan
Leader sinceJanuary 3, 2003October 29, 2015
Leader's seatCalifornia 12thWisconsin 1st
Last election194 seats, 48.0%[2]241 seats, 49.1%[2]
Seats won235[3]199[3]
Seat changeIncrease 41[4]Decrease 42[5]
Popular vote60,727,598[6]50,983,895[6]
SwingIncrease 5.4%Decrease 4.3%

US House 2018.svg
Results (as of December 11, 2018):
     Democratic hold      Democratic gain
     Republican hold      Republican gain

Speaker before election

Paul Ryan

Elected Speaker

Nancy Pelosi

The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections were held on November 6, 2018, with early voting taking place in some states in the weeks preceding that date. Voters chose representatives from all 435 congressional districts across each of the 50 U.S. states. Non-voting delegates from the District of Columbia and four of the five inhabited U.S. territories[c] were also elected. These midterm elections took place nearly halfway through the first term of Republican President Donald Trump. On Election Day, Republicans had held a House majority since January 2011.[7]

In the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats, led by Nancy Pelosi, won control of the House and gained 41 seats from their total after the 2016 elections (including one seat gained previously with Conor Lamb's March 2018 special election victory). The 41-seat gain was the Democrats' largest gain of House seats since the post-Watergate 1974 elections, when they picked up 49 seats. The Democrats also won the popular vote by a margin of 8.6%, the largest margin on record for a minority party. Turnout was the highest for a midterm election in more than a century, with over half the electorate casting ballots.

Upon the opening of the 116th United States Congress, Pelosi was elected as Speaker of the House.[8] Incumbent Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan chose to retire in 2018 instead of seeking another term.[9] In November 2018, House Republicans elected Kevin McCarthy as House Minority Leader.[10]

Results summary and analysis

The Democratic Party won control of the House of Representatives in the 2018 elections. They had a net gain of 41 seats from their total after the 2016 elections. This was their largest gain of House seats in an election since the 1974 elections, when the Democrats gained 49 House seats.[11][12][13][14] Democrats won the popular vote by more than 9.7 million votes or 8.6%,[6] the largest midterm margin for any party[15] and the largest margin on record for a minority party.[16]

Voter turnout in this election was 50.3%,[1] the highest turnout in a U.S. midterm election since 1914.[17]

Note: The results summary does not include blank and over/under votes.

235 199
Democratic Republican
Parties Seats Popular vote
2016 2018 +/− Strength Vote % Change
  Democratic Party 194 235 Increase 41 54.0% 60,727,598[6] 53.43% +5.43%
  Republican Party 241 199 Decrease 42 46.0% 50,983,895[6] 44.84% -4.26%
  Libertarian Party 479,891 0.42% -0.88%
  Independent 739,760 0.65% -0.05%
  Green Party 234,749 0.21% -0.19%
  Working Families Party 171,559 0.15% +0.15%
  Working Class Party 53,102 0.05% +0.05%
  Constitution Party 40,819 0.04% -0.06%
  Legal Marijuana Now Party TBD TBD
  Reform Party 65,319 0.06% +0.06%
  Conservative Party 207,094 0.18% +0.18%
  Independence Party 57,463 0.05% +0.05%
  Independent American Party 15,801 0.01% +0.01%
  Progressive Party TBD TBD
  Liberty Union Party 3,924 0%
  Women's Equality Party 41,137 0.04% +0.04%
  United Utah Party 36,177 0.03% +0.03%
  Unity Party 4,607 0%
  American Party 15,011 0.01% +0.01%
  People's Choice Party TBD TBD
  Veterans Party TBD TBD
  Economic Growth Party TBD TBD
  Socialist Party TBD TBD
  Wake Up America Party TBD TBD
  Natural Law Party TBD TBD
  Women of Power Party TBD TBD
  Make Government Work Party TBD TBD
  Harris Bhatti Party TBD TBD
  American Independent Party TBD TBD
  NSA Did 911 Party TBD TBD
  Transparent Government Party TBD TBD
  New Beginning's Party TBD TBD
  Others TBD TBD TBD
Totals 435 435[b] 0 100.0% 113,678,654[6] 100.0%
Popular vote
House seats