2017 Saudi Arabian purge

2017 Saudi Arabian purge
Mohammed Bin Salman al-Saud2.jpg
Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, head of the Saudi Anti-Corruption Committee which ordered the arrests
Date 2017
Location Saudi Arabia
Type Governmental purge
Motive Genuine corruption crackdown, a project to gain money, or preparing to take over the crown
Arrest(s) 500

A number of prominent Saudi Arabian princes, government ministers, and business people were arrested in Saudi Arabia in November 2017 following the creation of an anti-corruption committee led by Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman (also known as MBS).

There are three alternate theories regarding the motives behind the purge: a genuine corruption crackdown, a project to gain money, or preparing to take over the crown. [1]

The detainees were confined at the Ritz-Carlton hotel in Riyadh (which hosted the announcement for the planned city of Neom on 24 October 2017), [2] [3] which subsequently stopped accepting new bookings and told guests to leave. [4] Private jets were also grounded to prevent suspects from fleeing the country. [4]

The arrests resulted in the final sidelining of the faction of the late King Abdullah and MBS's complete consolidation of control of all three branches of the security forces, [4] making him the most powerful man in Saudi Arabia since his grandfather, the first King, Ibn Saud. [3]

As many as 500 people had been rounded up in the ongoing sweep. [5] Saudi Arabian banks have frozen more than 1,700 domestic accounts as part of the crackdown. [6] According to the Wall Street Journal, the Saudi government is targeting cash and assets worth up to $800 billion. [7] The Saudi authorities claimed that amount is composed of assets worth around $300 billion to $400 billion that they can prove was linked to corruption. [8] [9]

Attorney General Sheikh Saud Al Motjeb said in a statement that the arrests were “merely the start of a vital process to root out corruption wherever it exists.” He added that those detained will have access to legal counsel and pledges to hold trials “in a timely and open manner.” [10] Meanwhile, King Salman appointed 26 new judges. [11]

Allegations

The allegations include money laundering, bribery, extorting officials, and taking advantage of public office for personal gain. [12]

Corruption

King Salman stated that the anti-corruption committee need to "identify offences, crimes and persons and entities involved in cases of public corruption". He also referred to the "exploitation by some of the weak souls who have put their own interests above the public interest, in order to illicitly accrue money". [13] [12]

Extremism

On 24 October 2017 Crown Prince Mohammed who ordered the arrests, told investors in Riyadh that "We are returning to what we were before, a country of moderate Islam that is open to all religions and to the world". He also pledged to counter "extremism very soon". [14]