2014 Winter Olympics

XXII Olympic Winter Games
2014 Winter Olympics logo.svg
Host city Sochi, Russia
Motto Hot. Cool. Yours. [1]
(Russian: Жаркие. Зимние. Твои.)
Nations participating 88
Athletes participating 2,873
Events 98 in 7 sports (15 disciplines)
Opening ceremony 7 February
Closing ceremony 23 February
Officially opened by President Vladimir Putin
Athlete's Oath Ruslan Zakharov [2]
Judge's Oath Vyacheslav Vedenin, Jr [3]
Coach's Oath Anastasia Popkova [2]
Olympic Torch Vladislav Tretiak
Irina Rodnina
Stadium Fisht Olympic Stadium
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Sochi from space

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games (French: Les XXIIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (Russian: XXII Олимпийские зимние игры, tr. XXII Olimpiyskiye zimniye igry) and commonly known as Sochi 2014, were a major international multi-sport event held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014. Both the Olympics and 2014 Winter Paralympics were organized by the Sochi Organizing Committee (SOOC). Sochi was selected as the host city in July 2007, during the 119th IOC Session held in Guatemala City. It was the first Olympics in Russia since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union was previously the host nation for the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. These were the first Olympic Games under the International Olympic Committee (IOC) presidency of Thomas Bach.

A total of 98 events in 15 winter sport disciplines were held during the Games. A number of new competitions—a total of 12 accounting for gender—were held during the Games, including biathlon mixed relay, women's ski jumping, mixed-team figure skating, mixed-team luge, half-pipe skiing, ski and snowboard slopestyle, and snowboard parallel slalom. The events were held around two clusters of new venues: an Olympic Park constructed in Sochi's Imeretinsky Valley on the coast of the Black Sea, with Fisht Olympic Stadium, and the Games' indoor venues located within walking distance, and snow events in the resort settlement of Krasnaya Polyana.

Severe cost overruns made the 2014 Winter Olympics the most expensive Olympics in history; with Russian politician Boris Nemtsov citing allegations of corruption among government officials, [4] and Allison Stewart of the Saïd Business School at Oxford citing tight relationships between the government and construction firms. [5] While originally budgeted at US$12 billion, various factors caused the budget to expand to US$51 billion, surpassing the estimated $44 billion cost of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.

The lead-up to these Games were marked by several major controversies, including allegations that corruption among officials led to the aforementioned cost overruns, concerns for the safety of LGBT athletes and spectators due to recent government actions, protests by ethnic Circassian activists over use of a site where they believe a genocide took place in the 19th century), and threats by jihadist groups tied to the insurgency in the North Caucasus.

In May 2016, The New York Times published allegations by Dr. Grigory Rodchenkov, the former director of an anti-doping laboratory in Moscow, that FSB agents conspired with corrupt officials and Russian athletes to run a state-sponsored doping program, which tampered with over 100 urine samples, and that a third of the medals won by Russia in Sochi were the result of doping. An independent report commissioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency confirmed these allegations, prompting investigations into individual athletes by the IOC. Currently, 31 Russian athletes are disqualified. In December 2017, the IOC announced that it had banned the Russian Olympic Committee from the 2018 Winter Olympics, with an option for clean athletes to compete independently; the IOC stated that the program was "one of the worst ever blows against the integrity and reputation of the Olympic Games" [6]

Bidding process

Fans celebrating Sochi's bid win

Sochi was elected on 4 July 2007 during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) session held in Guatemala City, Guatemala, defeating bids from Salzburg, Austria; and Pyeongchang, South Korea. [7] This is the first time that the Russian Federation has hosted the Winter Olympics. The Soviet Union was the host of the 1980 Summer Olympics held in and around Moscow.

2014 host city election – ballot results
City Country (NOC) Round 1 Round 2
Sochi   Russia 34 51
Pyeongchang   South Korea 36 47
Salzburg   Austria 25
Other Languages
Аҧсшәа: Шәача 2014
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Зімовыя Алімпійскія гульні 2014 году
føroyskt: Vetrar-OL 2014
Bahasa Indonesia: Olimpiade Musim Dingin 2014
Кыргызча: Сочи 2014
Baso Minangkabau: Olimpiade Musim Dingin 2014
norsk nynorsk: Vinter-OL 2014
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Qishki Olimpiada oʻyinlari 2014
Simple English: 2014 Winter Olympics
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zimska Olimpijada 2014
vepsän kel’: Tal'volimpiad-2014