"'90s" redirects here. For decades comprising years 90–99 of other centuries, see List of decades.
This article is about the decade. For the band, see 1990s (band).
Hubble Space Telescope Gulf War Oslo Accords World Wide Web Dissolution of the Soviet Union Dolly the sheep Death of Diana, Princess of Wales Rwandan Genocide
From left, clockwise: The Hubble Space Telescope orbits the earth after it was launched in 1990; American F-16s and F-15s fly over burning oil fields in Operation Desert Storm, also known as the 1991 Gulf War; The signing of the Oslo Accords on 13 September 1993; The World Wide Web gains a public face during the start of decade and as a result gains massive popularity worldwide; Boris Yeltsin and followers stand on a tank in defiance to the August Coup, which leads to the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 26 December 1991; Dolly the sheep is the first mammal to be cloned from an adult somatic cell; The funeral procession of Diana, Princess of Wales, who dies in 1997 from a car crash in Paris, and is mourned by millions; Hundreds of thousands are killed in the Rwandan Genocide of 1994.
Millennium: 2nd millennium

The 1990s (pronounced "nineteen-nineties" and abbreviated as the "Nineties") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1990, and ended on December 31, 1999.


Culturally, the 1990s are characterized by the rise of multiculturalism and alternative media, which continued into the 2000s. Movements such as grunge, the rave scene and hip hop spread around the world to young people during that decade, aided by then-new technology such as cable television and the World Wide Web.

In the absence of world communism which collapsed in the first two years of the decade the 1990s was politically defined by a movement towards the right wing, including increase in support for far right parties in Europe [1] as well as the advent of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party [2] and cuts in social spending in the United States, [3] Canada, [4] New Zealand, [5] and the UK. [6] The United States also saw a massive revival in the use of the death penalty in the 1990s, which reversed in the early 21st century. [7]

A combination of factors, including the continued mass mobilization of capital markets through neo-liberalism, the thawing of the decades-long Cold War, the beginning of the widespread proliferation of new media such as the Internet from the middle of the decade onwards, increasing skepticism towards government, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union led to a realignment and reconsolidation of economic and political power across the world and within countries. The dot-com bubble of 1997–2000 brought wealth to some entrepreneurs before its crash between 2000 and 2001.

The 1990s saw extreme advances in technology, with the World Wide Web, the first gene therapy trial, and the first designer babies [8] all emerging in 1990 and being improved and built upon throughout the decade.

New ethnic conflicts emerged in Africa, the Balkans, and the Caucasus, the former two which led to the Rwandan and Bosnian genocides, respectively. Signs of any resolution of tensions between Israel and the Arab world remained elusive despite the progress of the Oslo Accords, though The Troubles in Northern Ireland came to a standstill in 1998 with the Good Friday Agreement after 30 years of violence. [9]

Other Languages
አማርኛ: 1990ዎቹ
العربية: عقد 1990
aragonés: Anyos 1990
asturianu: Década de 1990
Bân-lâm-gú: 1990 nî-tāi
беларуская: 1990-я
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1990-я
български: 1990-те
bosanski: 1990te
Чӑвашла: 1990-мĕш çулсем
Cebuano: Dekada 1990
čeština: 1990–1999
Cymraeg: 1990au
dansk: 1990'erne
Deutsch: 1990er
Ελληνικά: Δεκαετία 1990
эрзянь: 1990 це иеть
español: Años 1990
Esperanto: 1990-aj jaroj
Fiji Hindi: 1990s
føroyskt: 1990-árini
français: Années 1990
Gaeilge: 1990idí
Gàidhlig: 1990an
贛語: 1990年代
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1990 ngièn-thoi
한국어: 1990년대
hrvatski: 1990-ih
Bahasa Indonesia: 1990-an
interlingua: Annos 1990
Ирон: 1990-тæ
íslenska: 1991-2000
italiano: Anni 1990
Basa Jawa: 1990-an
ქართული: 1990-იანები
Kiswahili: Miaka ya 1990
Latina: Anni 1990
latviešu: 1990. gadi
Ligure: Anni 1990
la .lojban.: 199xymoi
македонски: 1990-ти
Bahasa Melayu: 1990-an
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1990 nièng-dâi
Nederlands: 1990-1999
Nedersaksies: 1990-1999
日本語: 1990年代
norsk bokmål: 1990-årene
norsk nynorsk: 1990-åra
Nouormand: Annaées 1990
occitan: Ans 1990
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1990-lar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1990 ਦਾ ਦਹਾਕਾ
português: Década de 1990
română: Anii 1990
Runa Simi: 1990 watakuna
русский: 1990-е годы
саха тыла: 1990-с
sámegiella: 1990-lohku
Scots: 1990s
shqip: Vitet 1990
sicilianu: 1990ini
Simple English: 1990s
slovenščina: 1990.
српски / srpski: 1990е
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1990-e
Basa Sunda: 1990-an
suomi: 1990-luku
svenska: 1990-talet
தமிழ்: 1990கள்
татарча/tatarça: 1990-еллар
Türkçe: 1990'lar
Türkmençe: 1990ýý
українська: 1990-ті
Tiếng Việt: Thập niên 1990
ייִדיש: 1990ער
粵語: 1990年代
中文: 1990年代