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MCMLXXXIV) was a
starting on Sunday (
dominical letter AG) of the
Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the
2nd millennium, the 84th year of the
20th century, and the 5th year of the
April 1 –
Death of Marvin Gaye:
Marvin Gaye is shot to death by
his father, a day before his 45th birthday.
April 2 – Indian Squadron Leader
Rakesh Sharma is launched into space, aboard the
April 4 – U.S. President
Ronald Reagan calls for an international ban on
April 9 – The
56th Academy Awards, hosted by
Johnny Carson, are held at the
Dorothy Chandler Pavilion.
Terms of Endearment wins
Best Picture and 4 other
April 12 –
Palestinian gunmen take Israeli bus number 300 hostage. Israeli special forces storm the bus, freeing the hostages (one hostage, two hijackers killed).
April 13 – India launches
Operation Meghdoot, bringing most of the disputed
Siachen Glacier region of
Kashmir under Indian control and triggering the
Siachen conflict with
- Welsh comedian
Tommy Cooper suffers a massive heart attack and dies while live on TV.
- The first
World Youth Day gathering is held in Rome, Italy.
April 16 – More than one million people, led by
Tancredo Neves, occupy the streets of
São Paulo to demand direct
presidential elections during the
Brazilian military government of
João Figueiredo. It is the largest protest during the
Diretas Já civil unrest, as well as the largest public demonstration in the history of Brazil. The elections are granted in
April 17 –
Yvonne Fletcher is shot and killed by a secluded gunman, leading to a police
siege of the Libyan Embassy in London.
April 19 – "
Advance Australia Fair" is proclaimed as Australia's
national anthem, and green and gold as the
April 23 – United States researchers announce their discovery of the
April 24 – An X-class
solar flare erupts on the Sun.
April 25 – The term of Sultan
Ahmad Shah as the seventh
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of
April 26 – Sultan
Iskandar of Johor, becomes the eighth
Yang di-Pertuan Agong of
May 2 – The
International Garden Festival opens in
May 11 – A
transit of Earth from Mars takes place.
May 12 – The
Louisiana World Exposition, also known as the 1984 World's Fair, and also the New Orleans World's Fair, and, to the locals, simply as "The Fair" or "Expo 84", opens.
May 13 –
Severomorsk Disaster: an explosion at the Soviets’ Severomorsk Naval Base destroys two-thirds of all the missiles stockpiled for the Soviets’ Northern Fleet. The blast also destroys workshops needed to maintain the missiles as well as hundreds of technicians. Western military experts called it the worst naval disaster the Soviet Navy has suffered since WWII.
May 14 – The one dollar coin is introduced in Australia.
May 17 –
Michael Silka kills nine people near
Manley Hot Springs, Alaska.
May 19 – The Edmonton Oilers win The Stanley Cup, beating the defending champion New York Islanders in 4 games to 1.
May 23 – A methane gas explosion at
Abbeystead water treatment works in
Lancashire, England, kills 16 people.
May 27 – An overnight flash flood rages through neighborhoods in
Tulsa, Oklahoma. Nearly 15 inches of rain falls in some areas over a four-hour period; 14 people are killed.
May 31 – Six inmates, including James and Linwood Briley, escape from a
death row facility at
Mecklenburg Correctional Center, the only occasion this has ever happened in the United States.
The launch of shuttle, Discovery
, its first mission.
October 4 –
Tim Macartney-Snape and Greg Mortimer become the first Australians to summit
October 5 –
Marc Garneau becomes the first
Canadian in space, aboard the
Space Shuttle Challenger.
October 11 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut
Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a
October 12 – The
Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) attempts to assassinate
Margaret Thatcher and the British
Cabinet in the
Brighton hotel bombing.
October 19 – Polish
secret police kidnap
Jerzy Popiełuszko, a Catholic priest who supports the
Solidarity movement. His dead body is found in a
reservoir 11 days later on
October 23 – The world learns from moving
BBC News television reports presented by
Michael Buerk of the
famine in Ethiopia, where thousands of people have already died of
starvation due to a
famine, and as many as 10,000,000 more lives are at risk.
October 25 – The
makes £1.8 million available to help combat the famine in Ethiopia.
October 31 –
Assassination of Indira Gandhi:
Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her two Sikh security guards in New Delhi.
Anti-Sikh riots break out, leaving 10,000 to 20,000 Sikhs dead in Delhi and surrounding areas with majority populations of Hindus.
Rajiv Gandhi becomes Prime Minister of India.
Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Reagan/Bush (49), Blue denotes those won by Mondale/Ferraro (1+D.C.).
November 9 –
Cesar Chavez delivers his speech, "What The Future Holds For Farm Workers And Hispanics", at the
Commonwealth Club in San Francisco.
November 11 – The
Louisiana World Exposition, also known as The 1984 World's Fair, and also the New Orleans World's Fair, and, to the locals, simply as "The Fair" or "Expo 84", closes.
November 14 –
Zamboanga City mayor
Cesar Climaco, a prominent critic of the government of
Ferdinand Marcos, is assassinated in his home city.
November 19 – A
series of explosions at the
Pemex Petroleum Storage Facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec, in Mexico City, ignites a major fire and kills about 500 people.
November 28 – Over 250 years after their deaths,
William Penn and his wife
Hannah Callowhill Penn are made
Honorary Citizens of the United States.
November 30 –
Kent and Dollar Farm massacres: the
Tamil Tigers begin the purge of the
Sinhalese people from North and East
Sri Lanka; 127 are killed.