1970s

Fall of Saigon Watergate scandal 1973 oil crisis Disco Iranian Revolution Camp David Accords 1970 Bhola cyclone
U.S. President Richard Nixon doing the V for Victory sign after his resignation from office after the Watergate scandal in 1974; refugees aboard a US naval boat after the Fall of Saigon, leading to the end of the Vietnam War in 1975; the 1973 oil crisis put the nation of America in gridlock and caused economic damage throughout the developed world; both the leaders of Israel and Egypt shake hands after the signing of the Camp David Accords in 1978; the 1970 Bhola cyclone kills an estimated 500,000 people in the densely populated Ganges Delta region of East Pakistan (which would become independent as Bangladesh in 1971) in November 1970; the Iranian Revolution of 1979 ousted Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi who was later replaced by an Islamic theocracy led by Ayatollah Khomeini; the popularity of the disco music genre peaked during the mid-to-late 1970s.
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The 1970s (pronounced "nineteen-seventies", commonly abbreviated as the "Seventies") was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1970, and ended on December 31, 1979.

Overview

In the 21st century, historians have increasingly portrayed the 1970s as a "pivot of change" in world history focusing especially on the economic upheavals. [1] In the Western world, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 elections resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. Industrialized countries, except Japan, experienced an economic recession due to an oil crisis caused by oil embargoes by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries. The crisis saw the first instance of stagflation which began a political and economic trend of the replacement of Keynesian economic theory with neoliberal economic theory, with the first neoliberal governments being created in Chile, where a military coup led by Augusto Pinochet took place in 1973.

Novelist Tom Wolfe coined the term "'Me' decade" in his essay " The 'Me' Decade and the Third Great Awakening", published by New York Magazine in August 1976 referring to the 1970s. The term describes a general new attitude of Americans towards atomized individualism and away from communitarianism, in clear contrast with the 1960s.

In Asia, affairs regarding the People's Republic of China changed significantly following the recognition of the PRC by the United Nations, the death of Mao Zedong and the beginning of market liberalization by Mao's successors. Despite facing an oil crisis due to the OPEC embargo, the economy of Japan witnessed a large boom in this period, overtaking the economy of West Germany to become the second-largest in the world. [2] The United States withdrew its military forces from their previous involvement in the Vietnam War, which had grown enormously unpopular. In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, which led to an ongoing war for ten years.

The 1970s saw an initial increase in violence in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria declared war on Israel, but in the late 1970s, the situation in the Middle East was fundamentally altered when Egypt signed the Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty. Anwar El Sadat, President of Egypt, was instrumental in the event and consequently became extremely unpopular in the Arab world and the wider Muslim world. [3] He was assassinated in 1981. Political tensions in Iran exploded with the Iranian Revolution in 1979, which overthrew the Pahlavi dynasty and established an Islamic republic of Iran under the leadership of the Ayatollah Khomeini.

Africa saw further decolonization in the decade, with Angola and Mozambique gaining their independence in 1975 from the Portuguese Empire after the restoration of democracy in Portugal. The continent was, however, plagued by endemic military coups, with the long-reigning Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie being removed, civil wars and famine.

The economies of much of the developing world continued to make steady progress in the early 1970s because of the Green Revolution. They might have thrived and become stable in the way that Europe recovered after World War II through the Marshall Plan; however, their economic growth was slowed by the oil crisis but boomed immediately after.

Other Languages
አማርኛ: 1970ዎቹ
العربية: عقد 1970
aragonés: Anyos 1970
asturianu: Década de 1970
Bân-lâm-gú: 1970 nî-tāi
беларуская: 1970-я
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1970-я
български: 1970-те
bosanski: 1970-e
Чӑвашла: 1970-мĕш çулсем
čeština: 1970–1979
Cymraeg: 1970au
dansk: 1970'erne
Deutsch: 1970er
Ελληνικά: Δεκαετία 1970
emiliàn e rumagnòl: An 1970
эрзянь: 1970 це иеть
español: Años 1970
Esperanto: 1970-aj jaroj
Fiji Hindi: 1970s
føroyskt: 1970-árini
français: Années 1970
Gaeilge: 1970idí
Gàidhlig: 1970an
贛語: 1970年代
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1970 ngièn-thoi
한국어: 1970년대
hrvatski: 1970-ih
Bahasa Indonesia: 1970-an
interlingua: Annos 1970
Ирон: 1970-тæ
íslenska: 1971-1980
italiano: Anni 1970
Basa Jawa: 1970-an
ქართული: 1970-იანები
қазақша: 1970 жж.
Kiswahili: Miaka ya 1970
Latina: Anni 1970
latviešu: 1970. gadi
Ligure: Anni 1970
македонски: 1970-ти
Bahasa Melayu: 1970-an
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1970 nièng-dâi
молдовеняскэ: Аний 1970
Nederlands: 1970-1979
Nedersaksies: 1970-1979
日本語: 1970年代
Napulitano: Anne 1970
norsk nynorsk: 1970-åra
Nouormand: Annaées 1970
occitan: Ans 1970
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1970-lar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1970 ਦਾ ਦਹਾਕਾ
português: Década de 1970
română: Anii 1970
Runa Simi: 1970 watakuna
русский: 1970-е годы
саха тыла: 1970-с
sámegiella: 1970-lohku
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1970s
shqip: Vitet 1970
sicilianu: 1970ini
Simple English: 1970s
slovenščina: 1970.
српски / srpski: 1970-е
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1970-e
Basa Sunda: 1970-an
suomi: 1970-luku
svenska: 1970-talet
தமிழ்: 1970கள்
татарча/tatarça: 1970-еллар
тоҷикӣ: Даҳаи 1970
Türkçe: 1970'ler
Türkmençe: 1970ýý
українська: 1970-ті
Tiếng Việt: Thập niên 1970
ייִדיש: 1970ער
粵語: 1970年代
中文: 1970年代