This article is about the year 1962.
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MCMLXII) was a
starting on Monday (
dominical letter G) of the
Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the
2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the
20th century, and the 3rd year of the
June 3 –
Air France Flight 007 (a
Boeing 707) crashes on take-off at
Orly Airport in
Paris; 130 of 132 people on board are killed, 2
flight attendants survive. Most victims are cultural and civic leaders of
June 6 – President
John F. Kennedy gives the commencement address at the
United States Military Academy at
West Point, New York.
June 15 –
Students for a Democratic Society in the United States complete the
Port Huron Statement.
OAS signs a truce with the
FLN in Algeria, but a day later announces that it will continue the fight on behalf of French Algerians.
3–1 to win the
1962 FIFA World Cup.
June 22 –
Air France Flight 117 (a
Boeing 707 jet) crashes into terrain during bad weather in
Guadeloupe, West Indies, killing all 113 on board, the airline's second fatal accident in just 3 weeks, and the third fatal
707 crash of the year.
June 26 – A 2-day steel
strike begins in Italy in support of increased wages and a five-day working week.
June 28 – The
United Lutheran Church in America,
Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church of America,
American Evangelical Lutheran Church and
Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church merge to form the
Lutheran Church in America.
June 30 – The last soldiers of the
French Foreign Legion leave Algeria.
- June –
Silent Spring begins serialization in
The New Yorker; it is released as a book on September 27 in the U.S., giving rise to the modern
Burundi gain independence.
Algerian independence referendum, 1962: Supporters of Algerian independence win 99% majority in a referendum.
- A heavy
smog develops over London.
- Helsinki Convention on Nordic Co-operation of March 23 comes into force in the Nordic countries.
Charles de Gaulle accepts Algerian independence; France recognizes it the next day.
- The first
Walmart store, at this time known as Wal-Mart (which remains the corporate name), opens for business in
July 5 –
Algeria becomes independent from France.
July 6 –
Gay Byrne presents the first edition of
The Late Late Show on
RTÉ in the Republic of Ireland. Byrne goes on to present the show for 37 years, the longest period through which any individual hosts a televised
talk show anywhere in the world, and the show itself becomes the world's second longest-running talk show.
July 9 – American artist
Andy Warhol premieres his
Campbell's Soup Cans exhibit in Los Angeles.
July 10 –
Telstar, the world's first commercial
communications satellite, is launched into orbit and activated the next day.
July 12 – The
Rolling Stones make their debut at London's
Marquee Club, Number 165 Oxford Street, opening for
Long John Baldry.
July 13 – In what the press dubs "
the Night of the Long Knives", United Kingdom
Harold Macmillan dismisses one-third of his
July 14 –
Norma Nolan of
Argentina will crown
Miss Universe 1962.
July 17 –
Nuclear testing: The "Small Boy" test shot
Little Feller I became the last atmospheric test detonation at the
Nevada Test Site.
July 19 – The first annual Swiss & Wielder
Hoop and Stick Tournament is held.
July 20 – France and
July 22 –
Mariner program: The
Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
July 23 –
Telstar relayed the first live trans-
Atlantic television signal.
referendum in Singapore supports the Malayan Federation.
- Typhoon Wanda strikes Hong Kong, killing at least 130 and injuring more than 600.
September 2 – The
Soviet Union agrees to send arms to Cuba.
September 8 – Newly independent Algeria, by referendum, adopts a constitution.
September 12 – President
John F. Kennedy, at a speech at
Rice University, reaffirms that the U.S. will put a man on the moon by the end of the decade.
September 19 –
Atlantic College opens its doors for the first time in
Wales, marking the birth of the pioneering United World College educational movement.
September 21 – A border conflict between China and India erupts into fighting.
September 22 – 21-year-old
Bob Dylan premieres one of his most preeminent songs, "
A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall", in the U.S.
September 23 – The animated sitcom
The Jetsons premieres on
ABC in the U.S.
September 25 –
Sonny Liston knocks out
Floyd Patterson two minutes into the first round of his fight for the boxing world title in
September 26 –
North Yemen Civil War erupts.
September 27 – A
flash flood in
Barcelona, Spain, kills more than 440 people.
September 29 – The Canadian
Alouette 1, the first satellite built outside the United States and the Soviet Union, is launched from
Vandenberg Air Force Base in
September 30 –
CBS broadcasts the final episodes of
Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar, marking the end of the
Golden Age of Radio in the United States.
: Pictures of Soviet missile silos in Cuba, taken by US spy planes
October 3 –
Mercury-Atlas 8 –
Walter Schirra orbits the
Earth six times in the Sigma 7
October 9 – Uganda becomes independent within the
Commonwealth of Nations.
October 10 – The beginning of
Sino-Indian War, a border dispute involving two of the world's largest nations (India and the People's Republic of China).
October 11 –
Second Vatican Council:
Pope John XXIII convenes the first
ecumenical council of the
Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
- The infamous
Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with wind gusts up to 170 mph (270 km/h); 46 are killed, 11 billion board feet (26 million m³) of timber is blown down, with $230 million U.S. in damages.
Charles Mingus invites the public to a live recording session at
The Town Hall (New York City), but the public is expecting a formal concert. Along with technical problems the event is the worst moment of his career.
October 13 –
Broadway debut of
Edward Albee's drama
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?.
October 14 – The beginning of the
Cuban Missile Crisis: A
U-2 flight over Cuba in the
Caribbean photographs Soviet
nuclear weapons being installed. A stand-off then ensues for another 12 days after
President Kennedy is told of the pictures, between the United States and the
Soviet Union, threatening the world with
October 19 – Establishment of Thái Nguyên City, under
Thái Nguyên, in Vietnam.
October 22 –
Cuban Missile Crisis: In a televised address, U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces to the nation the existence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.
October 24 – Cuban Missile Crisis: First confrontation between the U.S. Navy and a Soviet cargo vessel. The vessel changes course.
October 26 –
Spiegel scandal: German police occupy
Der Spiegel offices in
- The end of the
Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union leader
Nikita Khrushchev announces that he has ordered the removal of Soviet missile bases in Cuba. In a secret deal between Kennedy and Khrushchev, Kennedy agrees to the withdrawal of U.S. missiles from Turkey. The fact that this deal was not made public makes it look as though the Soviets have backed down.
- A referendum in France favors the election of the president by universal suffrage.
October 31 – The
United Nations General Assembly asks the United Kingdom to suspend enforcement of the new constitution in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), but it comes into effect on
- November –
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (
Russian: Оди́н день Ива́на Дени́совича, Odin den' Ivana Denisovicha), the author's semi-autobiographical account of life in the
gulag, is published in
Novy Mir in an unprecedented acknowledgement of the
- The Soviets begin dismantling their missiles in Cuba.
- First appearance of comic book antihero
Diabolik in Italy.
November 3 – Earliest recorded use of the term "
personal computer" in the report of a speech by computing pioneer
John Mauchly in
The New York Times.
Franz Josef Strauß, the West German defense minister, is relieved of his duties over the
Spiegel scandal, due to his alleged involvement in police action against the magazine.
- Saudi Arabia breaks off diplomatic relations with Egypt, following a period of unrest partly caused by the defection of several Saudi princes to Egypt.
- A coal mining disaster in
Ny-Ålesund killed 21 people. The Norwegian government is forced to resign in the aftermath of this accident in August
November 6 –
United Nations General Assembly passes a resolution condemning South Africa's
apartheid policies and calls for all UN member states to cease military and economic relations with the nation.
November 7 –
Richard M. Nixon loses the
California governor's race. In his concession speech, he states that this is "
Richard Nixon's last press conference" and "you won't have Nixon to kick around any more".
November 17 –
Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., dedicated by President
John F. Kennedy.
November 20 –
Cuban missile crisis: In response to the
Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, President John F. Kennedy ends the blockade of the island.
November 21 – The
Sino-Indian War ends with a Chinese ceasefire.
November 23 –
United Airlines Flight 297 crashes in
Columbia, Maryland, killing all 17 on board.
November 24 – The first episode of the groundbreaking satirical comedy program
That Was the Week That Was, hosted by
David Frost is broadcast on
BBC Television in the U.K.
November 27 – French President Charles De Gaulle orders
Georges Pompidou to form a government.
November 29 – An agreement is signed between Britain and France to develop the
Concorde supersonic airliner.
November 30 – The
United Nations General Assembly elects
U Thant of
Burma as the new
Secretary-General of the United Nations.
December 2 –
Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President
John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader
Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to make a non-optimistic public comment on the war's progress.
December 7 –
Rainier III, Prince of Monaco revises the
constitution, devolving some of his formerly autocratic power to several advisory and legislative councils.
December 9 – Tanganyika (modern-day
Tanzania) becomes a republic within the
Commonwealth of Nations, with
Julius Nyerere as president.
- In West Germany, a coalition government of Christian Democrats, Christian Socialists and Free Democrats is formed.
- The last execution by hanging in Canada
- U.S. spacecraft
Mariner 2 passes by
Venus, becoming the first probe to transmit data successfully from another planet.
Leonardo da Vinci's early 16th-century painting the
Mona Lisa is assessed for insurance purposed at US$100 million before touring the United States for several months, the highest insurance value for a painting in history. However, the
Louvre, its owner, chooses to spend the money that would have been spent on the insurance premium on security instead.
December 15 – Storm over the
North Sea: Belgian
pirate radio station Radio Uylenspiegel is knocked off the airwaves, never to operate again.
December 19 – Britain acknowledged the right of Nyasaland (modern-day
Malawi) to secede from the
Central African Federation.
December 21 – Britain agrees to purchase
Polaris missiles from the U.S.
December 24 –
Cuba releases the last 1,113 participants in the
Bay of Pigs Invasion to the U.S., in exchange for food worth $53 million.