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MCMLIX) was a
starting on Thursday (
dominical letter D) of the
Gregorian calendar, the 1959th year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 959th year of the
2nd millennium, the 59th year of the
20th century, and the 10th and last year of the
June 5 – A new government of the
State of Singapore is sworn in by Sir William Goode. Two former ministers are re-elected to the Legislative Assembly.
June 8 – The
USS Barbero and
United States Postal Service attempt the delivery of mail via
June 9 – The
USS George Washington is launched as the first submarine to carry
Disneyland Monorail System, the first daily operating monorail system in the Western Hemisphere, opens to the public in
- A 3-front revolutionary invasion by air and sea takes place in the
Dominican Republic, consisting of exiles aided by
Fidel Castro and the
Venezuelan government, whose objective is to overthrow dictator
Rafael Trujillo. Within a few days most are captured and executed. Only four are released by the government. Trujillo is killed less than two years later by men partly inspired by the deaths of the 1959 revolutionaries.
June 18 – The film
The Nun's Story, based on the best-selling novel, is released.
Audrey Hepburn stars as the title character; she later says that this is her favorite film role. The film is a
box-office hit, and is nominated for several
June 25 – A
Corona, believed to be the first operational spy satellite, is launched as science mission "
Discoverer 4" from
Vandenberg Air Force Base aboard a
June 30 – Twenty-one students are killed and more than a hundred injured when an American North American
F-100 Super Sabre jet crashes into Miamori Elementary School on the island of
Okinawa. The pilot ejected before the plane struck the school.
September 14 –
Luna 2 becomes the first man-made object to crash on the
September 15 –
September 28 –
Nikita Khrushchev and his wife tour the United States, at the invitation of U.S. President
Dwight David Eisenhower.
September 16 – The
Xerox 914, the first plain paper copier, is introduced to the public.
September 23 – The
M/S Princess of Tasmania, (Australia's first passenger RO/RO
diesel ferry), makes its maiden voyage across the
September 25 –
Ceylon's prime minister
S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike is assassinated.
Typhoon Vera hits central
Honshū, Japan, killing an estimated 5,098, injuring another 38,921, and leaving 1,533,000 homeless. Most of the victims and damage are centered in the
- The first official large unit action of the
Vietnam War takes place, when two companies of the
ARVN 23d Division are ambushed by a well-organized
Vietcong force of several hundred, identified as the "2d Liberation Battalion".
September 30 –
Soviet Union leader
Nikita Khrushchev meets
Mao Zedong in Beijing.
November 1 – In
Dominique Mbonyumutwa is beaten up by
Tutsi forces, leading to a period of violence known as the
wind of destruction.
November 2 – At a ceremony near
Minister of Transport
Ernest Marples opens the first section of the
M1 Motorway, between
Crick, along with two
spur motorways, the
M10. Three decades of large scale motorway construction follow, leading to the rapid expansion of the UK
November 12 – The
Warner Bros. religious epic
The Miracle, very loosely based on the 1911 stage pantomime
Das Mirakel, is released. It is a critical and financial bomb.
November 15 – The Clutter family of
Holcomb, Kansas is brutally murdered, inspiring
In Cold Blood.
November 18 –
MGM's widescreen, multimillion-dollar,
Technicolor version of
Charlton Heston, is released and becomes the studio's greatest hit up to that time. It is critically acclaimed and eventually wins 11
Academy Awards – a record held until
1998, when 1997's
Titanic becomes the first film to equal the record. To the present day, the 1959 Ben-Hur remains the last MGM film to win a Best Picture Oscar, though
Doctor Zhivago, another MGM film, was nominated in 1965.
November 20 – The
Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted by the