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MCMXVI) was a
starting on Saturday of the
Gregorian calendar and a
leap year starting on Friday (
dominical letter CB) of the
Julian calendar, the 1916th year of the
Common Era (CE) and
Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 916th year of the
2nd millennium, the 16th year of the
20th century, and the 7th year of the
1910s decade. As of the start of 1916, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Below, the events of the
First World War have the "WWI" prefix.
November 18 – WWI:
Battle of the Somme, opening with explosion of the British
Y Sap mine and the
Battle of Albert: More than one million soldiers die, with 57,470
British Empire casualties on the
first day, 19,240 of them killed, the British Army's bloodiest day.
 The immediate result is tactically inconclusive.
12 – At least one shark attacks 5 swimmers along 80 miles (130 km) of
New Jersey coastline during the
Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, resulting in 4 deaths and the survival of one youth who requires limb amputation. This event is the inspiration for author
Peter Benchley, over half a century later, to write
July 2 –
Battle of Erzincan:
Russian forces defeat troops of the
Ottoman Empire in
July 15 – In
William Boeing incorporates Pacific Aero Products (later renamed
- July 15–19 – WWI: During the
Battle of Delville Wood 766 men from the South African Brigade are killed in South Africa's biggest loss during the First World War.
20 – WWI:
Battle of Fromelles: An attack by Australian and British troops is repulsed by the German army with heavy casualties.
July 22 – In San Francisco,
a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade, killing 10 injuring 40 (
Warren Billings and
Tom Mooney are later wrongly convicted of it).
July 26 – WWI:
East African Campaign – The German armed ship
SMS Graf von Goetzen
scuttles herself on
July 29 – In
Ontario, Canada, a lightning strike ignites a forest fire that destroys the towns of
Matheson, killing 233.
July 30 – German agents cause the
Black Tom explosion in
Jersey City, New Jersey, an act of sabotage destroying an ammunition depot and killing at least 7 people.
September 1 –
Bulgaria declares war on
Romania, going on to take
September 2 – WWI: British pilot
Leefe Robinson becomes the first to shoot down a German
airship over Britain.
September 4 – WWI:
East African Campaign –
Dar es Salaam surrenders to British Empire forces, securing them control of the
Central Line of railway through
German East Africa.
September 5 – Release of
D. W. Griffith's film
Intolerance: Love's Struggle Through the Ages in the United States.
September 11 – A mechanical failure causes the central span of the
Quebec Bridge, a
cantilever-type structure, to crash into the
Saint Lawrence River for the second time, killing 13 workers.
September 13 –
Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the town of
Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter "Red" Eldridge.
22 – WWI:
Battle of Flers–Courcelette in France: British advance. The battle is significant for the first use of the
tank in warfare; also for the debut of the
New Zealand Divisions in the
Battle of the Somme.
September 19 – WWI:
East African Campaign – Belgian troops occupy
German East Africa.
September 27 –
Iyasu V of Ethiopia is deposed in a palace coup, in favour of his aunt
Troops from New Zealand during WWI.
беларуская (тарашкевіца): 1916
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1916