18 Party Alliance

18 Party Alliance

১৮ দলীয় ঐক্যজোট
LeaderBegum Khaleda Zia (Bangladesh Nationalist Party)
FoundedApril 18, 2012 (2012-04-18)
Preceded byFour Party Alliance
Succeeded byJatiya Oikya Front
HeadquartersDhaka, Bangladesh
IdeologyBig tent
Political positionFar-right to centre
Seats in the Jatyo Sangshad
0 / 300

The 18 Party Alliance is an alliance of some Bangladeshi political parties led by Bangladesh Nationalist Party and other right wing parties. It was formed on 18 April 2012 in Dhaka, extending its predecessor the Four Party Alliance.[1] The 18 Party Alliance is formed as an effort to strengthen the anti-government movement demanding restoration of the caretaker government system. The major rival of this alliance is the Grand Alliance led by Awami League which came into power after the election in 2008.

History

Begum Khaleda Zia, former Bangladesh Prime Minister and chairperson of Bangladesh Nationalist Party and 18 Party Alliance

The Four Party Alliance was a political grouping in the Jatiyo Sangshad, or National Assembly of Bangladesh. It was formed in 1999[2] for the 2001 election, and consisted of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, Bangladesh Jatiya Party (Najiur) and Islami Oikya Jote. The alliance won a substantial majority in 2001, but was heavily defeated by the Grand Alliance of Bangladesh in 2008. On 18 April 2012, the Four Party Alliance was extended and took the new name 18 Party Alliance.[3]

Bangladeshi general election, 2001

Total seats: 300

Four Party Alliance : 214

Bangladesh Awami League: 62

Jatiya Party (Ershad): 14

Independents and others : 14

Bangladeshi general election, 2008

Total seats: 300

Four Party Alliance : 33

Grand Alliance: 263

Independents and others : 04