May 18 – A Spanish army sent from
Lima puts down the Inca rebellions, and captures and savagely executes
Túpac Amaru II.
June 4 – The commission[which?] agrees to the rebels'[where?] terms: reduction of the
alcabala and of the Indians' forced tribute, abolition of the new taxes on tobacco, and preference for
peninsulares in government positions.
January 23 – The
Laird of Johnstone (George Ludovic Houston) invites people to buy marked plots of land which, when built upon, form the planned town of
Johnstone, Scotland, to provide employment for his
August 29 – The Masonic Congress of Wilhelmsbad,
Germany, one of history's most important ever secret society congresses, takes place. High-degree Freemasons from the whole of Europe spend the time deliberating the fate of the rite of Strict Observance, and hierarchy of the governing bodies of world
Freemasonry, at the
In China, the
Siku Quanshu is completed, the largest literary compilation in China's history (surpassing the
Yongle Encyclopedia of the 15th century). The books are bound in 36,381 volumes (册) with more than 79,000 chapters (卷), comprising about 2.3 million pages, and approximately 800 million
June 8 – The
Iceland begins an 8-month eruption, starting the chain of natural disasters known as the
Móðuharðindin, killing tens of thousands throughout Europe, including up to 33% of Iceland's population, and causing widespread famine. It has been described as one of "the greatest environmental catastrophes in
June 15 – After several attempts,
Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and his companion, Pierre Romain, set off in a balloon from
Boulogne-sur-Mer, but the balloon suddenly deflates (without the envelope catching fire) and crashes near
Wimereux in the Pas-de-Calais, killing both men, making it the first fatal aviation disaster.
July 6 – The
dollar is unanimously chosen as the money unit for the United States.
April 13 – America's first recorded riot, the '
Doctors' Mob', begins. Residents of Manhattan are angry about grave robbers stealing bodies for doctors to dissect. The rioting is suppressed on
April 6 – At Federal Hall, the
United States Senate attains its first
quorum, and elects
John Langdon of
Pennsylvania as its first
President pro tempore. Later that day, the Senate and the House of Representatives meet in joint session for the first time, and the electoral votes of the first U.S. Presidential election are counted. General George Washington is certified as President-elect, and John Adams is certified as Vice-President elect.