1776 in Canada

Events

  • American Revolutionary War. United Empire Loyalists move to Upper Canada and settle (lumbering, farming starts).
  • April 29 - Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Chase and Rev. Charles Carroll, a Jesuit, urge Canadians to send delegates to Congress, promising toleration. Franklin brings a printer and press, for a newspaper, to mould public opinion. Canadians regard Franklin as an enemy, and the priests remind Father Carroll that, unlike some of the Provinces, Britain tolerates the Romish Church.
  • May 6 - As a British fleet is in sight, the Continental Army, before Quebec, weakened by disease, retires from a superior enemy, who await reinforcements, behind strong walls.
  • June 8 - Attempting to surprise Three Rivers, General Thompson, with 200 of 1,800 Americans, is taken prisoner.
  • June 16 - Arnold's force has retreated from Montreal.
  • June 18 - General Burgoyne finds that the Continental Army has evacuated St. Johns.
  • The eleventh Article of "Confederation and Perpetual Union" provides that: "Canada, according to this Confederation, and joining in the measures of the United States, shall be admitted into, and entitled to, all the advantages of this Union; but no other Colony shall be admitted to the same, unless such admission be agreed to by nine States."
  • October 11 - The British are victorious on Lake Champlain.
  • October 13 - On Lake Champlain, Arnold runs part of his fleet ashore, to avoid capture.
  • The Jesuits' College, at Quebec, converted into barracks.
  • The American colonies declare their independence. The United States Declaration of Independence is signed July 4, 1776.
  • Common Sense by Thomas Paine (1737–1809) appears.
  • Under Guy Carleton, Quebec withstands an American siege until the appearance of a British fleet (May 6). Carleton is later knighted.