1775

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1775 by topic:
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Lists of leaders
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Birth and death categories
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Establishments and disestablishments categories
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Works category
Works
1775 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1775
MDCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2528
Armenian calendar 1224
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԴ
Assyrian calendar 6525
Balinese saka calendar 1696–1697
Bengali calendar 1182
Berber calendar 2725
British Regnal year 15  Geo. 3 – 16  Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2319
Burmese calendar 1137
Byzantine calendar 7283–7284
Chinese calendar 甲午(Wood  Horse)
4471 or 4411
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
4472 or 4412
Coptic calendar 1491–1492
Discordian calendar 2941
Ethiopian calendar 1767–1768
Hebrew calendar 5535–5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1831–1832
 - Shaka Samvat 1696–1697
 - Kali Yuga 4875–4876
Holocene calendar 11775
Igbo calendar 775–776
Iranian calendar 1153–1154
Islamic calendar 1188–1189
Japanese calendar An'ei 4
(安永4年)
Javanese calendar 1700–1701
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4108
Minguo calendar 137 before ROC
民前137年
Nanakshahi calendar 307
Thai solar calendar 2317–2318
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood- Horse)
1901 or 1520 or 748
    — to —
阴木羊年
(female Wood- Goat)
1902 or 1521 or 749

1775 ( MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday ( dominical letter D) of the Julian calendar, the 1775th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 775th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1770s decade. As of the start of 1775, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

Summary

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England.

January–June

July–December

August 18: Tucson is founded

Date unknown

The Honourable Mrs Graham (1757–1792) painted by Gainsborough in 1775


Other Languages
Afrikaans: 1775
Alemannisch: 1775
አማርኛ: 1775 እ.ኤ.አ.
العربية: 1775
aragonés: 1775
asturianu: 1775
azərbaycanca: 1775
বাংলা: ১৭৭৫
Bân-lâm-gú: 1775 nî
Basa Banyumasan: 1775
башҡортса: 1775 йыл
беларуская: 1775
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1775
भोजपुरी: 1775
Bikol Central: 1775
български: 1775
Boarisch: 1775
bosanski: 1775.
brezhoneg: 1775
català: 1775
Чӑвашла: 1775
Cebuano: 1775
čeština: 1775
Cymraeg: 1775
dansk: 1775
Deutsch: 1775
eesti: 1775
Ελληνικά: 1775
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 1775
эрзянь: 1775 ие
español: 1775
Esperanto: 1775
euskara: 1775
føroyskt: 1775
français: 1775
Frysk: 1775
Gaeilge: 1775
Gàidhlig: 1775
galego: 1775
贛語: 1775年
한국어: 1775년
Հայերեն: 1775
हिन्दी: १७७५
hornjoserbsce: 1775
hrvatski: 1775.
Ido: 1775
Ilokano: 1775
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: মারি ১৭৭৫
Bahasa Indonesia: 1775
interlingua: 1775
Ирон: 1775-æм аз
íslenska: 1775
italiano: 1775
עברית: 1775
Basa Jawa: 1775
ಕನ್ನಡ: ೧೭೭೫
къарачай-малкъар: 1775 джыл
ქართული: 1775
kaszëbsczi: 1775
қазақша: 1775 жыл
Kiswahili: 1775
коми: 1775 во
Kreyòl ayisyen: 1775 (almanak gregoryen)
Кыргызча: 1775
кырык мары: 1775 и
лезги: 1775 йис
Latina: 1775
latviešu: 1775. gads
Lëtzebuergesch: 1775
lietuvių: 1775 m.
Ligure: 1775
Limburgs: 1775
lumbaart: 1775
magyar: 1775
मैथिली: १७७५
македонски: 1775
Malagasy: 1775
Māori: 1775
मराठी: इ.स. १७७५
Bahasa Melayu: 1775
Baso Minangkabau: 1775
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1775 nièng
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၁၇၇၅
Nāhuatl: 1775
Nederlands: 1775
नेपाली: सन् १७७५
नेपाल भाषा: सन् १७७५
日本語: 1775年
Napulitano: 1775
Nordfriisk: 1775
norsk: 1775
norsk nynorsk: 1775
Nouormand: 1775
Novial: 1775
occitan: 1775
олык марий: 1775
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ୧୭୭୫
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1775
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1775
पालि: १७७५
پنجابی: 1775
Plattdüütsch: 1775
polski: 1775
português: 1775
Qaraqalpaqsha: 1775
qırımtatarca: 1775
Ripoarisch: Joohr 1775
română: 1775
Runa Simi: 1775
русиньскый: 1775
русский: 1775 год
саха тыла: 1775
sámegiella: 1775
संस्कृतम्: १७७५
Scots: 1775
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1775
shqip: 1775
sicilianu: 1775
Simple English: 1775
سنڌي: 1775ع
slovenčina: 1775
slovenščina: 1775
کوردی: ١٧٧٥
српски / srpski: 1775
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1775
Basa Sunda: 1775
suomi: 1775
svenska: 1775
Tagalog: 1775
தமிழ்: 1775
татарча/tatarça: 1775 ел
తెలుగు: 1775
ไทย: พ.ศ. 2318
тоҷикӣ: Соли 1775
Türkçe: 1775
Türkmençe: 1775
українська: 1775
اردو: 1775ء
vèneto: 1775
Tiếng Việt: 1775
Volapük: 1775
walon: 1775
West-Vlams: 1775
Winaray: 1775
ייִדיש: 1775
Yorùbá: 1775
粵語: 1775年
Zazaki: 1775
žemaitėška: 1775
中文: 1775年