1770s

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
Categories:

The 1770's decade ran from January 1, 1770, to December 31, 1779.

Events

1770

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1771

January–June

Plague Riot in Moscow, 1771

July–December

Date unknown

The Putuo Zongcheng Temple complex in Chengde, China is completed.

1772

January–June

July–December

1773

January–June

July–December

Date unknown


1774

Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War.


January–June

July–December

Date unknown

1775


Summary

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make laws. On July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to parliament on November 10. On June 17, two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces are victorious, but only after suffering severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,173, and when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England.

January–June

July–December

August 18: Tucson is founded

Date unknown

The Honourable Mrs Graham (1757–1792) painted by Gainsborough in 1775


1776

January–February

March–April

May–June

July–August

July 4: American Declaration of Independence.

September–October

September 22: British hang spy Nathan Hale in New York City.

November–December

  • December 23 – American Revolution: Thomas Paine, living with Washington's troops, begins publishing The American Crisis, containing the stirring phrase, "These are the times that try men's souls."
  • December 25 – American Revolution: Gen. George Washington orders the first issue of The Crisis read to his troops on Christmas Eve, then at 6 p.m. all 2600 of them march to McKonkey's Ferry, cross the Delaware River and land on the New Jersey bank at 3 a.m. the following morning.
  • December 26 – American Revolution: Battle of Trenton: Washington's troops surprise the 1500 Hessian troops under the command of Col. Johann Rall at 8 a.m. outside Trenton and score a victory, [25] taking 948 prisoners while suffering only 5 wounded.

1777

January–June

June 14: US Flag (had various star patterns)

July–December

Date unknown

1778


January–June

July–December

Undated


1779


January–June

Benedict Arnold

July–December

Date unknown


Other Languages
العربية: عقد 1770
aragonés: Anyos 1770
asturianu: Década del 1770
Bân-lâm-gú: 1770 nî-tāi
беларуская: 1770-я
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1770-я
bosanski: 1770te
Чӑвашла: 1770-мĕш çулсем
Cymraeg: 1770au
dansk: 1770'erne
Deutsch: 1770er
эрзянь: 1770 це иеть
español: Años 1770
Esperanto: 1770-aj jaroj
føroyskt: 1770-árini
français: Années 1770
Gaeilge: 1770í
Gàidhlig: 1770an
贛語: 1770年代
한국어: 1770년대
hrvatski: 1770-ih
Bahasa Indonesia: 1770-an
Ирон: 1770-тæ
íslenska: 1771-1780
italiano: Anni 1770
Basa Jawa: 1770-an
ქართული: 1770-იანები
Kiswahili: Miaka ya 1770
македонски: 1770-ти
Bahasa Melayu: 1770-an
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1770 nièng-dâi
Nederlands: 1770-1779
日本語: 1770年代
norsk bokmål: 1770-årene
Nouormand: Annaées 1770
олык марий: 1770 ийла
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1770-lar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1770 ਦਾ ਦਹਾਕਾ
português: Década de 1770
română: Anii 1770
Runa Simi: 1770 watakuna
русский: 1770-е годы
саха тыла: 1770-с
Sesotho sa Leboa: 1770s
shqip: Vitet 1770
sicilianu: 1770ini
Simple English: 1770s
slovenščina: 1770.
српски / srpski: 1770е
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1770-e
Basa Sunda: 1770-an
suomi: 1770-luku
svenska: 1770-talet
தமிழ்: 1770கள்
татарча/tatarça: 1770-еллар
Türkmençe: 1770ýý
українська: 1770-ті
Tiếng Việt: Thập niên 1770
粵語: 1770年代
中文: 1770年代