February 25 –
Guatemalan Sergeant Major Melchor de Mencos y Varón departs the city of Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala with an infantry battalion to fight British pirates that are reportedly disembarking on the coasts of Petén (modern-day
Belize) and sacking the nearby towns.
July 25 – The decision to deport the
Acadians is made during meetings of the Nova Scotia Council meeting in
Halifax. From September 1755 to June 1763 the vast majority of Acadians are deported to one of the following British Colonies in America:
North Carolina and
South Carolina and
Georgia. Contrary to popular belief, no Acadians are sent to
Louisiana. Those sent to Virginia are refused and then sent on to
Penryn in England. In 1758 the Fortress of Louisbourg falls and all of the civilian population of Isle Royal (Cape Breton Island) and Isle St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) are repatriated to France. Among them were several thousand Acadians who had escaped the deportation by fleeing into those areas. Very few Acadians successfully escape the deportation and do so only by fleeing into some of the northern sections of present day
New Brunswick. The event inspires Longfellow to write the epic poem Evangeline.
December 14 The play Douglas is performed for the first time in
Edinburgh, with overwhelming success, in spite of the opposition of the local church
presbytery, who summon
Alexander Carlyle to answer for having attended its representation. However, it fails in its early promise to set up a new Scottish dramatic tradition.
Marquis Gabriel de Lernay, a French officer captured during the Seven Years' War, establishes a military lodge in Berlin with the help of Baron de Printzen, master of The Three Globes Lodge at Berlin, and Philipp Samuel Rosa, a disgraced former pastor.
Madame du Coudray publishes Abrégé de l'art des accouchements ("The Art of Obstetrics") and the French government authorizes her to carry her instruction "throughout the realm" and promises financial support.