100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics

100 metres
at the World Championships in Athletics
Leichtathletik WM 2013 Moskau 100 m Vorlauf.jpg
The heats of the men's 100 m in 2013
Overview
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 19832017
Women: 19832017
Championship record
Men9.58 Usain Bolt (2009)
Women10.70 Marion Jones (1999)
Reigning champion
Men Christian Coleman (USA)
Women Tori Bowie (USA)
Carmelita Jeter winning the 2011 women's 100 m world title

The 100 metres at the World Championships in Athletics has been contested by both men and women since the inaugural edition in 1983. It is the second most prestigious 100 m title after the 100 metres at the Olympics. The competition format typically has two or three qualifying rounds leading to a final between eight athletes. Since 2011 a preliminary round has been held, where athletes who have not achieved the qualifying standard time compete to enter the first round proper.

The championship records for the event are 9.58 seconds for men, set by Usain Bolt in 2009, and 10.70 seconds for women, set by Marion Jones in 1999. The men's world record has been broken or equalled at the competition three times: by Carl Lewis in 1987 and 1991, and by Usain Bolt in 2009.[1] Ben Johnson beat Lewis in the 1987 final, but his win and record were subsequently rescinded after his admission to long-term steroid use.[2] Lewis's mark, which equalled the standing record at the time, was never officially ratified by the IAAF as a world record. The women's world record has not yet been beaten at the championships.

Carl Lewis, Maurice Greene and Usain Bolt are the most successful male athletes of the event, having each won three titles. Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce is the most successful female athlete of the event as the only woman to win three titles. Merlene Ottey and Carmelita Jeter are the only athletes to have claimed four medals in the history of the World Championships event.

The United States is the most successful nation in the discipline, having won fifteen gold medals. Jamaica are a clear second with six gold medals. East Germany, with two, is the only other nation to have won multiple titles.

Age

  • All information from IAAF[3]
Distinction Male athlete Age Female athlete Age
Youngest champion Yohan Blake 21 years, 245 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest medalist Darrel Brown 18 years, 318 days Katrin Krabbe 21 years, 278 days
Youngest participant Darren Tuitt 15 years, 153 days Tehani Kirby 14 years, 5 days
Oldest champion Justin Gatlin 35 years, 176 days Carmelita Jeter 31 years, 278 days
Oldest medalist Justin Gatlin 37 years, 230 days Merlene Ottey 35 years, 89 days
Oldest participant Kim Collins 39 years, 218 days Merlene Ottey 47 years, 108 days