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(December 14, 1883 – April 26, 1969) was the founder of the
Japanese martial art
. The son of a landowner from
, he studied martial arts in his youth, and served in the
. In 1907 he moved to
as the head of a pioneer settlement and studied with
, the founder of
. In 1919 Ueshiba joined the
, and opened his first
. He accompanied the head of the group,
, on an expedition to Mongolia in 1924, where they were captured by Chinese troops and returned to Japan. Moving to
in 1926, he set up the
Aikikai Hombu Dojo
. He taught at this dojo and others around Japan, including several military academies. After
World War II
he retired to
, and continued training at a dojo he had set up there. He continued to promote aikido throughout Japan and abroad until the 1960s. Many of his students became noted martial artists in their own right, and aikido is now practiced around the world. (
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