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Theatrical release poster of The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is a German silent horror film, first released on 26 February 1920. It was directed by Robert Wiene and written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer. Considered the quintessential work of German Expressionist cinema, it tells the story of an insane hypnotist (Werner Krauss) who uses a somnambulist (Conrad Veidt) to commit murders. The film features a dark and twisted visual style. The sets have sharp-pointed forms, oblique and curving lines, and structures that lean and twist in unusual angles. The film's design team, Hermann Warm, Walter Reimann and Walter Röhrig, recommended a fantastic, graphic style over a naturalistic one. With a violent and insane authority figure as its antagonist, the film expresses the theme of brutal and irrational authority. Considered a classic, it helped draw worldwide attention to the artistic merit of German cinema and had a major influence on American films, particularly in the genres of horror and film noir. (Full article...)
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February 26: Ash Wednesday (Western Christianity, 2020); First day of Ayyám-i-Há (Baháʼí Faith, 2020)
- 1266 – Wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines: Manfred, King of Sicily, was killed in the Battle of Benevento against the forces of Charles of Anjou.
- 1606 – Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon made the first recorded European landing in Australia, although he believed that he was on New Guinea.
- 1936 – Imperial Japanese Army troops attempted a coup d'etat, occupying parts of Tokyo, and killing several politicians, including Finance Minister Takahashi Korekiyo (pictured).
- 1995 – Barings Bank, the oldest merchant bank in London, collapsed after its head derivatives trader in Singapore, Nick Leeson, lost £827 million while making unauthorized trades on futures contracts.
Lorenzino de' Medici (d. 1548) · Thomas-Alexandre Dumas (d. 1806) · Joseph Wapner (d. 2017)