Platino

Platinum
78Pt
Pd

Pt

Ds
Hydrogen (other non-metal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (other non-metal)
Nitrogen (other non-metal)
Oxygen (other non-metal)
Fluorine (halogen)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (other non-metal)
Sulfur (other non-metal)
Chlorine (halogen)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (other non-metal)
Bromine (halogen)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (halogen)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanoid)
Cerium (lanthanoid)
Praseodymium (lanthanoid)
Neodymium (lanthanoid)
Promethium (lanthanoid)
Samarium (lanthanoid)
Europium (lanthanoid)
Gadolinium (lanthanoid)
Terbium (lanthanoid)
Dysprosium (lanthanoid)
Holmium (lanthanoid)
Erbium (lanthanoid)
Thulium (lanthanoid)
Ytterbium (lanthanoid)
Lutetium (lanthanoid)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (halogen)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinoid)
Thorium (actinoid)
Protactinium (actinoid)
Uranium (actinoid)
Neptunium (actinoid)
Plutonium (actinoid)
Americium (actinoid)
Curium (actinoid)
Berkelium (actinoid)
Californium (actinoid)
Einsteinium (actinoid)
Fermium (actinoid)
Mendelevium (actinoid)
Nobelium (actinoid)
Lawrencium (actinoid)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Periodic table
iridiumplatinumgold
Panagway
grayish white
Kinatibuk-ang mga kinaiya
Ngalan, simbolo, kaiphanplatinum, Pt, 78
Paglitok/
Kategoriyang elementoputhaw nga transisyon
Group, period, block10, 6, d
Gibug-aton sa atomo195.084
Kontorno sa elektron[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Electron shells of platinum (2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1)
History
PagkadiskobreAntonio de Ulloa (1735)
First isolationAntonio de Ulloa (1735)
Physical properties
Phasemagahi
Density (near r.t.)21.45 g·cm−3
Liquid density at m.p.19.77 g·cm−3
Melting point2041.4 K, 1768.3 °C, 3214.9 °F
Boiling point4098 K, 3825 °C, 6917 °F
Heat of fusion22.17
Heat of vaporization469 kJ·mol−1
Molar heat capacity25.86 J·mol−1·K−1
Vapor pressure
P (Pa)1101001 k10 k100 k
at T (K)2330(2550)2815314335564094
Atomic properties
Oxidation states6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, −1, −2, −3
(mildly basic oxide)
Electronegativity2.28 (Pauling scale)
Ionization energies1st: 870 kJ·mol−1
2nd: 1791 kJ·mol−1
Atomic radius139 pm
Covalent radius136±5 pm
Van der Waals radius175 pm
Miscellanea
Crystal structureface-centered cubic
Platinum has a face-centered cubic crystal structure
Magnetic orderingparamagnetic
Electrical resistivity(20 °C) 105 nΩ·m
Thermal conductivity71.6 W·m−1·K−1
Thermal expansion(25 °C) 8.8 µm·m−1·K−1
Speed of sound (thin rod)(r.t.) 2800 m·s−1
Tensile strength125-240 MPa
Young's modulus168 GPa
Shear modulus61 GPa
Bulk modulus230 GPa
Poisson ratio0.38
Mohs hardness4–4.5
Vickers hardness549 MPa
Brinell hardness392 MPa
CAS registry number7440-06-4
Most stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of platinum
isoNAhalf-lifeDMDE (MeV)DP
190Pt0.014%6.5×1011 yα3.18186Os
192Pt0.782%>4.7×1019 yα2.4181188Os
193Ptsyn50 yε-193Ir
194Pt32.967%194Pt is stable with 116 neutrons
195Pt33.832%195Pt is stable with 117 neutrons
196Pt25.242%196Pt is stable with 118 neutrons
198Pt7.163%>3.2×1014 yα0.0870194Os
1.0472198Hg
·

Ang platino (Iningles platinum) mao ang elementong kimiko sa talaang peryodiko nga may simbolo nga Pt ug kaiphan nga atomik 78. Ang platino mao ang puthaw nga transisyon.

Ang mga gi basihan niini



Other Languages
Afrikaans: Platinum
አማርኛ: ፕላቲነም
aragonés: Platín
العربية: بلاتين
asturianu: Platín
azərbaycanca: Platin
تۆرکجه: پلاتین
беларуская: Плаціна
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Плятына
български: Платина
भोजपुरी: प्लैटिनम
brezhoneg: Platin
bosanski: Platina
català: Platí
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Băh-gĭng
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏝᏘᏅᎻ
کوردی: پلاتین
corsu: Platinu
čeština: Platina
kaszëbsczi: Platëna
Чӑвашла: Платина
Cymraeg: Platinwm
dansk: Platin
Deutsch: Platin
Ελληνικά: Λευκόχρυσος
English: Platinum
Esperanto: Plateno
español: Platino
eesti: Plaatina
euskara: Platino
فارسی: پلاتین
suomi: Platina
français: Platine
furlan: Platin
Gaeilge: Platanam
Gàidhlig: Platanum
galego: Platino
ગુજરાતી: પ્લેટિનમ
Gaelg: Platinum
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pha̍k-kîm
עברית: פלטינה
हिन्दी: प्लैटिनम
Fiji Hindi: Platinum
hrvatski: Platina
Kreyòl ayisyen: Platin
magyar: Platina
Հայերեն: Պլատին
interlingua: Platino
Bahasa Indonesia: Platina
Ido: Platino
íslenska: Platína
italiano: Platino
日本語: 白金
la .lojban.: jinmrplati
ქართული: პლატინა
Kabɩyɛ: Platɩnɩ
Gĩkũyũ: Platinum
қазақша: Платина
한국어: 백금
kurdî: Platîn
коми: Платина
Кыргызча: Платина
Latina: Platinum
Lëtzebuergesch: Platin
Ligure: Plattino
lietuvių: Platina
latviešu: Platīns
македонски: Платина
മലയാളം: പ്ലാറ്റിനം
монгол: Цагаан алт
मराठी: प्लॅटिनम
кырык мары: Платина
Bahasa Melayu: Platinum
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ရွှေဖြူ
эрзянь: Ашо сырне
Plattdüütsch: Platin
नेपाल भाषा: प्वलाख
Nederlands: Platina
norsk nynorsk: Platina
norsk: Platina
occitan: Platin
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ପ୍ଲାଟିନମ
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪਲੈਟੀਨਮ
polski: Platyna
Piemontèis: Plàtin
پنجابی: پلاٹینم
português: Platina
Runa Simi: Qullqiya
română: Platină
armãneashti: Platinâ
русский: Платина
संस्कृतम्: प्लेटिनम्
sicilianu: Plàtinu
Scots: Platinum
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Platina
Simple English: Platinum
slovenčina: Platina
slovenščina: Platina
Soomaaliga: Balatiniyaam
shqip: Platina
српски / srpski: Платина
Seeltersk: Platin
Basa Sunda: Platinum
svenska: Platina
Kiswahili: Platini
тоҷикӣ: Платина
Tagalog: Platino
Türkçe: Platin
татарча/tatarça: Агалтын
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Platina
українська: Платина
اردو: پلاٹینم
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Platina
vepsän kel’: Platin
Tiếng Việt: Platin
Winaray: Platino
吴语:
хальмг: Платинум
ייִדיש: פלאטין
Yorùbá: Platinum
Vahcuengh: Gimhau
中文:
文言:
Bân-lâm-gú: Pe̍h-kim
粵語: 白金